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Robert S. Fritzius
local time: 2024-02-23 11:24 (-05:00 DST)
Robert S. Fritzius (Abstracts)
Titles Abstracts Details
  • Interpreting SN 2006gy from a Modified Ritzian Viewpoint (2008) [Updated 1 decade ago]
    by Robert S. Fritzius   read the paper:

    Supernova 2006gy, which is reputed to be the ?brightest stellar explosion ever recorded,? is generally considered to be associated with spiral galaxy NGC 1260, some 240 million light years from the solar system. On the other hand, three astrometrically determined positions for the supernova are radically inconsistent with the calculated distance to the spiral galaxy. Walter Ritz's (1908) ballistic emission theory (which predicts apparent time modulation for close binary stars) as modified by J.G. Fox's (1965) extinction theorem, is used to explain the kinematics of the apparent proper motion anomalies for the supernova. Ritzian relativity predicts that the progenitor of SN 2006gy will eventually be found not to be the death of an extremely massive star but rather a (1913) de Sitter binary star whimsical image, and it will be an nearby neighbor to the solar system. See the online version link above to see the animations for some of the slides.


  • Adriaan van Maanen's Challenge to the Expanding Universe (2005) [Updated 7 years ago]

    Between 1916 and 1927, Mt. Wilson astronomer Adriaan van Maanen published twelve papers on astrometric measurements of internal motions in what were known then as spiral nebulae. Of special note were the Messier objects M33, M51, M81, and M101. His measured internal motions were of such a magnitude (averaging about 20 milli-arcsecs per year in the peripheries of the objects) that one could imply that the nebulae were close enough to us to be physically associated with the Milky Way. In the 1920 Shapley-Curtis ?Scale of the Universe? debate, Shapley relied heavily on van Maanen's nebular internal motions in his argument for a small universe (Milky Way plus local denizens.) However, by 1937 the quest to prove the existence of an expanding universe, which was driven by a desire to satisfy Einstein-Lema?tre cosmology, aided by Hubble's interpretation of cosmological redshift as a velocity effect, buried van Maanen's findings. Astronomers, in general, decided that van Maanen had made some kind of never explained procedural error and there was no reason to do any further internal motion measurements on spiral nebulae. Spiral nebulae became renamed ?galaxies? and in general were relegated to great distances from the Milky Way as other island universes. Van Maanen never recanted his findings. It seems that ongoing angular velocity measurements of galaxies can validate van Maanen's measurements or finally put them to rest. If they are validated, then Big Bang theory is in serious trouble from a new quarter.


  • A Ritzian Interpretation of Variable Stars (1999) [Updated 7 years ago]
    by Robert S. Fritzius   read the paper:

    This article is written under the presumption that the constancy of the "measured" speed of light by all observers (in vacuo) is an unresolved issue. The author favors Ritz's use of c+v relativity but with the reservation that extinction (Tolman or Ewald-Oseen), i.e., the speed of light eventually reaches a terminal speed with respect to any given medium, has to be taken into account. De Sitter's (1913) argument against Ritz is used as a theoretical springboard from which to examine currently published observations of what are thought to be radially pulsating variable stars. High-angular-resolution photographs of these variables obtained from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), the very large array (VLA) radio telescope(s), the growing family of very large telescopes (VLTs), and/or the publication of light curves along with phase-matched spectroscopic line profiles (absorption and emission) can be used to resolve the c+v question.


  • Cepheids. It gets worse! (1999) [Updated 1 decade ago]
    by Robert S. Fritzius   read the paper:

    Subsequently retitled "Non-pulsating Cepheid Variables"

    Vladimir Sekerin felt he could explain Cepheid variables using Ritz's c+v effects. This page is a continuation of that idea.

    The cyclic color changes of Cepheid variables appear to be consistent with Ritz c+v information arrival time modulation. This modulation is such that during a brightness peak there is a time-wise compression of the observed spectrum, which produces higher observed frequencies. If there were to be evenly spaced time markers impressed on the luminous flux (at the source) we would see that their time-wise spacing decreases during the bright phase, reaching minimum separation at the brightness peak. During the lower intensity "trough" of the light curve the time markers would be stretching further apart, reaching maximum separation at minimum intensity. As the arrival time "clock" varies in speed, the stellar spectrum changes in color (Hottest at peak, coolest at trough.) Here, we are considering a bright star with a dim (mostly unseen) companion...


  • Commentary on Ritz's Electrodynamics (1998) [Updated 7 years ago]
    by Robert S. Fritzius   read the paper:

    In 1908 Walter Ritz identified seven areas of difficulty with regard to the Maxwell-Lorentz electromagnetic field equations, which are based on the concept of a solid deformable ether.

    1. Electric and magnetic forces really express relations about space and time and should be replaced with non-instantaneous elementary actions (his emission theory).
    2. Advanced potentials don't exist (and their erroneous use led to the Rayleigh-Jeans ultraviolet catastrophe).
    3. Localization of energy in the ether is vague.
    4. It is impossible to reduce gravity to the same notions.
    5. The unacceptable inequality of action and reaction is brought about by the concept of absolute motion with respect to the ether.
    6. Apparent relativistic mass increase is amenable to a different interpretation.
    7. The use of absolute coordinates, independent of all motions of matter, requires throwing away the time honored use of Galilean relativity and our notions of rigid ponderable bodies.

  • The Possibility that QSOs are Non-Cosmological in Origin (1996) [Updated 1 decade ago]

  • Galilean Relativity and Spectroscopy: Binary Brightness / Velocity Curves (1995) [Updated 7 years ago]

  • Variable Electrical Charge Cosmological Redshift (1994) [Updated 7 years ago]

    According to condensation theories of galaxy formation (Berry 1976) the interiors of galaxies undergo gradual increase in density due to self gravitation. The swept-out regions which surround galaxies undergo concomitant decreases in density - relative to the primordial state. If the magnitude of the unit electrical charge e were to be a function of the cosmologically "local" density, then the frequencies of atomic spectra, which are considered to be proportional to the fourth power of the unit charge, would also be a function of the "local" density. (Cosmologicallly local density, as used here, pertains to the total amount of matter in a volume of space on the order of ten cubic light years.) It would follow then that as the interior densities of galaxies increase, the frequencies of their stellar atomic spectra would also increase. (A unit charge differential (local versus remote) of only 0.0074e could account for the observed stellar redshifts in the furthest removed Sc I galaxies.) The spectra for atomic processes in objects located in the swept-out regions near galaxies would tend toward much lower frequencies than for corresponding processes inside galaxies.

    A scenario in which elemenatary interactins between charged particles do not strictly obey the superposition principle is used to explain how the magnitude of the unit electrical charge can be a function of the cosmologically local density. The secenario predicts that QSOs and other high redshift objects have been forming in place, in the low-unit-charge: swept-out regions which surround galaxies, rather than being there as a result of having been ejected from galactic cores as proposed by Arp.


  • The SRT, Quantum Mechanical Unstable States, and Cosmology (1994) [Updated 1 decade ago]

  • Emission-Absorption-Scattering (EAS) Sub-quantum Physics (1993) [Updated 1 decade ago]
    by Robert S. Fritzius   read the paper:

    A modified Ritz emission theory is used to expand our present day ideas about virtual particle theory. It is done in a manner which provides an intuitive interpretation of both repulsion and "attraction" and offers a new insight into the stochastic anisotropic nature of the electrodynamic braking action of bremsstrahlung.


  • The Ritz-Einstein Agreement to Disagree (1990) [Updated 7 years ago]
    by Robert S. Fritzius   read the paper:

    During 1908 and 1909 Ritz and Einstein battled of what we now call the time arrows of electrodynamics and entropy. Ritz argued that electrodynamic irreversibility was one of the roots of the second law of thermodynamics, while Einstein defended Maxwell-Lorentz electromagnetic time symmetry. Microscopic reversibility remains a cornerstone of our current paradigm, yet we are finding more and more evidence that experimentally discerned time arrows are asymmetrical and that they all point from past to future. This paper furnishes some comments about events leading up to the Ritz-Einstein confrontation, some subsequent developments, and an English translation of their agreement to disagree. A side-by-side comparison of two recent summaries of their battle communiques is included to provide an overview of what they had to say on this current issue.


  • Cosmological Redshift: Long Term Electrical Charge Variations May Account for Cosmological Redshift (1988) [Updated 1 decade ago]

    Technote I-88, Magnolia Scientific Research Group