The customary opinion is: electric wave or light wave is energy, T. Yang?s experiment is the interference of energy, its shading fringes are the energy magnitude. But, this article summarizes the physical experiments to point out: the essence of electric wave is not energy, and its shading fringes are not the energy magnitude, but the amplitude magnitude of the vector field. Then, this article summarizes all the experiments of electromagnetic wave, and derives the conclusion that the essence of the electric wave is not energy. Now that the essence of electric wave is not energy, as extension, this means that Maxwell?s vector E x H (energy flux density) does not have the real physical implication, thus we can consider that electric field and magnetic field radiate independently.
We can think that Michelson-Morley experiment negates ether medium, so, there is no medium for electromagnetic wave to transmit. So, the motion of electromagnetic wave is not transmission, but radiation, it radiates to the outside like ray flux. Now that it is radiation, time variable electric field is supposed to be the vector field with independent radiation, and it does not need time variable magnetic field to ?bridge?. In other words, in the vacuum, because electric wave or light wave does not have the medium of oscillation-transmission, and the mass of the field is zero, the motion of the field does not need the force, so the motion of the field is a kind of radiation, it does not need another field to be ?bridge?. According to this, time variable magnetic field can radiate independently, time variable electric field can also radiate independently. The more important thing is, we benefit from the great Hertz experimental logic. Initiating from LC oscillation circuit, and gradually extends into half-wave dipole antenna, the oscillation of the current on the half-wave dipole antenna generates time variable current and time variable charges. Its electric field wave is the radiation of the time variable charges on the oscillator, its magnetic field wave is the radiation of the time variable current on the oscillator. The exchange between electric field and magnetic field is through the flow of the time variable current on the half-wave dipole. In other words, time variable electric field and time variable magnetic field are generated by the time variable motion of the metal electrons on the transmitting antenna. Furthermore, this article proves the principle of radiation model and antenna receiving signal which satisfies the inverse distance square theorem.
This article restudies physical essence of Michelson-Morley experiment, and the result is: 1.Use Einstein?s special relativity to calculate interference experiment, but the result is not consistent with experiment conclusion. 2. Use Galilean principle of relativity to calculate interference experiment, and the result is totally consistent with experiment conclusion. This means that Einstein?s principle of constancy of light velocity loses the evidence. This article challenges relativity, it deserves the readers to read and it has significant physical significance.
This book (ISBN 978-7535242884) summarizes the experiments of senior physicists, integrates the problems that come out from natural science principle, comprehensively analyzes the root of electromagnetic induction refute, light velocity refute and space time refute. Generally speaking, this book negates special relativity's proposition, argument, deduction process and its relative propositions bequeathed from its history. The above five chapters has negated the first argument of special relativity ( that is , has negated the principle of relativity). The eighth chapter has negated the second argument of special relativity(that is, the principle of light velocity unchangeable has been negated). The six chapter has negated the proposition of special relativity(relativity's dynamics, relativity's kinematics, relativity's electromagnetism, relativity's space time view, and the constant light velocity hypothesis are all have been negated). The chapter seven has negated the mathematics tool of special relativity(Lorentz transformation has been negated). There are ten chapters in my book, the first chapter proves the universality of general Lorentz magnetic force. the second chapter proves that radio engineering is not the action of Maxwell curl equation. the third chapter negate theory system of Maxwell Curl Equation. the fourth chapter founds electric wave radiation model. the fifth chapter proves that the essence of electric wave is not energy, identical with experiment. the sixth chapter negates the proposition of special relativity. the seventh chapter negates the mathematical tool(Lorentz transformation) of special relativity. the eighth chapter proves light velocity superposition principle. the ninth chapter re-explains the physical experiments with important dissension in history(including Michelson-Morley experiment and Compton roentgen experiment). The tenth chapter discusses the correct space time view on the basis of the three great Newton's Laws. Time is absolute and one-directional, space is absolute and isotropic, light velocity can be able superposition, General Lorentz magnetic force is reasonable, magnetic wave and electric field wave are independently radiant, Einstein's relativity theory is absurd, and the curl theory of free space is a mistake. The conclusions have negated the relativity theory of Einstein and the curl theory of Maxwell, supported the Newton- Galileo space time view and Lorentz magnetic force, and solved the three problems of the light velocity dispute, electromagnetic induction dispute and space time dispute. Besides, Compton Roentgen experiment submit to Newton's law; Michelson-Morley experiment submit to Galilean principle of relativity; the radioactive field-density and the receiving signal-current-density is inverse law with distance.-square.
The brief introduction of the author: Zeng Qingping, professor of Air Force Radar Academy of the PLA, born in NO1 Community, Hua Miao Village, Gou Jiao Town, Yuechi County, Guang'an City, Sichuan Province, started to study in China Electronics University Of Science and Technology in 1979(the old name is Chengdu Telecommunication Engineering College), and graduated in 1983. Inspired by the ?Science Spring? convention spirit, enlightened by physics teacher and the discussion with the schoolmates during the time in college, I started to doubt the correctness of relativity at that time. Early in August 1988, the author primarily felt that Einstein had pushed individual errors in scientific history and the covered mystery that is hypothesized wrongly and deducted wrongly to climax, so I didn't care about the sarcasm at that time, if not had been suffered from the scaffold like Copernicus, I would have to stick to researching these important difficult issues, for one thing it is my knowledge interest, for another thing it is also the important event that scholars should participate. So I started to research the evidence of relativity brought forward by Einstein at the end of 1988, and published some articles about doubting the Maxwell Curl Field Theory in succession, but the garble scattered articles can not reflect the scientific value. In order to let the readers comprehensively understand the error root of Curl Field Equation as well as the error root of relativity, and answer light velocity refute, electromagnetic induction dispute and space time refute these three great bequeathed issues, this book was written. The main idea and thought of this book formed before 2004, paused to process the manuscript because of many troubles, fortunately I had time to finish the whole work of this book in 2007, it is finally published now. Contribute this book to everybody, sincerely expect the vast readers to take some time to survey this book. I believe that you must feel that the discussion of this book is right after finishing reading this book. For the publicizing science truth, welcome you to press this book in English.The author wants to donate this book to China Science Association, the academicians of Chinese Academy Of Sciences, British Royal Academy and Nobel Prize judges, if there is any good heart person who knows their contact method, please tell me. Phone number 86-02785965080 or 86-15527108711.E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
The former name of this book is Natural science principle summary and set things right, the subhead is Judging the three great refutes between two schools of top scientists, it changes to the present name （Natural science principle summary，the subhead is Interpretation about the important difficult problems of physics law） after being read by the press, as the author I also realized that the former name is not good, and the wording of the article was unpleasant, it is modified now, but because my vocabulary is short, and also the reason of my character, I don't know it is better to use which modification words, there still probably exists individual unpleasant words, not like Newton's great work, which is pleasing, gentle and mild. So if you see any unpleasant word, please bring forward your precious ideas and understand.
I have been repeatedly thinking- is there any mistake in the book? Is there any mistake in the deduction? However, I can not find any mistake after searching over and over. The reason why this book is named as ?Natural science principle?, it is because I worship Newton's mathematics Principle of Natural and philosophy. The reason why this book is suffixed as ?summary?, it is because: First, no self-conjecture and even more no self-fantasy, and it is the summary on the basis of analyzing massive physics experiments and human project practice. Particularly, the independent radiation of electric field wave and magnetic field wave is the great Hertz experiment logic, there is certain introduction in physical books, the difference is that the analytic results are different, which leads to the correctness on physical concept and mathematical model, which is also from the contribution of Hertz and Lorentz, which is not fabricated by myself without any reason; the superposition character of the radiation speed of electromagnetic wave(or light velocity) has also been used by many project practices, which is truthful and reliable, and obeys Galileo relativity principle, which is not my light velocity hypothesis; the opinion that the essence of electromagnetic wave(and light wave)is not energy is referred during negating Maxwell Curl Equation, which is the necessary conclusion from concluding massive physics experiments, and I am not claptrap. Secondly, as for the content of this book, it is about the correctness of several historical issues of natural science, which refers to the opinions and chronic ideas of important historical physical experiments, for example, T.Yang's interference is chronically thought as the interference of energy and so on, this book comprehensively investigates relative experiments, integrates issues, clarifies thought, make conclusions, and never bring forward self hypothesis and construct model in addition to surprise the scientific circle, so the success of this book attributes to the senior physicists, it is their sweat experiments which settle the basis of this book. Thirdly, the mathematical formulas in the book is the content in current math manual, not the mathematical games that I fabricated, and the deduction in the book is correct. Fourthly, as for the starting point of this book, this book is the attention and research to the three great refutes between two schools of top scientists, during the research it was discovered that Curl Theory and Special Relativity are error theories based on error root, its issue, argument, deduction are all wrong. Especially the error of special relativity, which is horribly wrong, no one can save, even put the observation of astrophysics phenomenon on general relativity's rank, it is also useless. Because this book totally negates the issue, argument of special relativity and its mathematical tools, and uses Newton law and light velocity superposition principle to re-explain the important dissent physical experiments in history(including Michelson-Morley experiment and Compton experiment). Furthermore it also uses general Lorentz magnetic force to explain all electromagnetic induction phenomenon, associates general Lorentz magnetic force and great Hertz experiment logic to explain the application of radio engineering. In total, this book thinks that Maxwell Curl Field theory and Einstein special relativity are error theories based on the error root.
What's the reason for the two great scientists to make such a mistake? I am very confused about it. As for this, I pondered about it for many days. The main reason is because of the science development level at that time, ether theory was dominant then, Maxwell curl theory was born based on ether, made ether and conductor equivalent to discuss electric displacement, and people had no knowledge of charges and even more no knowledge of the essence of electric current. Michelson-Morley experiment was born based on ether, Lorentz transformation was to explain the interference experiment of ether theory and also consent ether theory, which impelled Einstein to devote himself to research ?measurable and immeasurable relative to the motion of ether? such superficial phenomenon. In other words, if there had been no Curl Theory of Ether Theory and the interference experiment of Ether theory as the basis of special relativity, or if there had been no Lorentz hypothesis of Ether Theory as the mathematical tool of special relativity, there would have been no attempt to explain the special relativity of measurable and immeasurable relative to the motion of ether. So it is ether which causes relativity, it is also ether which trapped Einstein half of his life. Besides this reason, there are also other reasons on the research means and mode.
I still remember the teachers of Sichuan province Yue Chi County NO1 Middle School and China Electronics University Of Science and Technology all said such three words , logical deduction is essential to math, concept and connotation are essential to physics, and equation equilibrium is essential to chemistry'.
Mr Einstein researched physics but didn't stick closely to the concept and connotation of physics, but used pure mathematical hypothesis to realize physics character. Relativity can't leave Lorentz transformation such interesting mathematical game, from its beginning to its end is from mathematical game to mathematical game, it seems that he wants to use mathematical game to direct physics experiment, it seems that he wants to use mathematical game to change space and construct another universe. To be true, as a twenty-five-year old Einstein, he is very talented, he associated photoelectric diode and black body radiation in the research of photoelectric effect, young and capable, very talented; he associated Coriolis force in the inertia with electromagnetic induction issue and curl field issue in light wave interference research, I really admired his association talent from my heart! How far his thought is, how far the miracle that he created is. But Einstein is a man not god, We can't take error relativity as god because ? Wave-particle Dualism? was obtained the reputation of Nobel Physics Prize. He lacks broad and deep physical concept research on physical phenomenon, so the special relativity that he created is really wrong, horribly wrong, and brought the development direction of physics into a blind alley. But it is just because he pushed individual errors of physical history to climax, which makes us burgeon the conclusion and correctness to nature science principle, also it is just because of his association event at the beginning of his relativity article, which makes us see that there still exists bequeathed issues in physical history during investigating the truth of relativity, also it is just because of his those association events, which makes us find the way to negate relativity, as far as this concerned, we have to appreciate Mr Einstein, it is him who inspired us to work hard to negate his conclusion and its derivative conclusions.
Maxwell Curl Theory is a half math issue and a half physical issue; he used mathematical formulas but paid no attention to the condition of using the formula; used physics equations but paid no attention to physical definition, just applying the equations to calculate the curl. As it is pointed out by Lorentz：?It is right for Hertz to eradicate the power of Maxwell equation, but Maxwell never believed charges entity, always used his electric displacement to replace charges, it is also very difficult for people to understand what the charges that he referred to is, he also never cared about how electromagnetic field was produced, in his theory it seems that electromagnetic field is from infinite distance, a field that does not need source, only the motion of charges is the root to produce all electromagnetic fields?, field does not produce field. Maxwell's imagination is powerful, he thought that electricity is not point nor face or solid, but the electric displacement formed when ether is pulled by electrodynamic force, so conductive current equals displacement current and spreads to ether space, thereby he is the first one to predict the existence of electromagnetic wave, which caused Hertz experiment to process soon. But the physics concept and mathematical model that he gave out are wrong, and Maxwell senior's errors are inevitable under the historical limit of physics research at that time, the cognitive environment that metal electronics theory was not born and the environment that ether was popular. Furthermore, if there had been no the prediction of electric wave and limit of wave speed from Maxwell senior, our world civilization will be delayed dozens of years, so the contribution that Maxwell senior contributed to human progression is primary, his theory error is historical limit and the necessity of science situation.
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Natural science research benefits humankind and has brought civilization and progress to the world. The great achievements of the ancestral science pioneers who made great contributions to human civilization are recorded in the natural scientific development history of more than two thousand years. But it is regretful that the three big disputes including light velocity dispute, electromagnetic induction dispute and space time dispute still exist in natural science area. Although three great disputes are sometimes intensive, sometimes apathetic, but people always concern disputes propositions, concern that the propositions can be solved as soon as possible, expects that natural science be on the right track to reveal deeper natural mystery.
In 1832, Faraday assumed the induction between magnet and conductor produced the induced electromotive force (e.m.f.) in the conductor. In 1834, Lentz considered the induction produced the induced current in the conductor. The above are all induced matters with different causal relation. In 1865, Maxwell assumed during the magnet motion vortex electric-field (E-field) was produced around free space, which seemed to end the dispute of causal relation and yet it brought forward the question that the induction was produced in the conductor or in free space? In 1892, Lorentz created a metal electronic theory, for this reason the metal electron caused the induced current under Lorentz magnetic force, in which the nature is force instead of field. In essence, whether coil motion or magnet motion, as long as the relative movement remains between magnetic field and conductor, the metal electron will inevitably cut the magnetic line. The essence of electromagnetic induction could be consequently integrated with Lorentz magnetic force. In early twentieth century, relative electromagnetic theory arose that included electric field E and magnetic field B. So far, the unified theory on the electromagnetic induction nature has been not established. Which is nature, which is phenomenon? Which is reason? Which is result? Which is truth? Which is mistake? It is a great problem for all of us.
Maxwell brought forward the viewpoint that ?time variable magnetic field generates electric field?, according to Faraday's law. At the mean time, he also thought that conductive current was successive in the free space (ether space), so the time variable electric field in the capacity (ether displacement current) generated magnetic field the same as conductive current. Therefore, it was derived the mutual generation theory [1, 2] that ?magnetic field generates electric field and electric field generates magnetic field. But since more than one hundred years, nobody performed the direct experiment of mutual generation field theory. This article introduces the experimental method to verify the theory, and directly verify whether the displacement current in the vaccum really generates magnetic field. This article analyzes through ?experiment?, and derives: displacement current of vaccum (ether) does not generate magnetic field, the physical essence of electromagnetic induction is Lorentz force, and not the displacement current, which means that it needs to reconsider whether Maxwell Curl Field Theory is correct.
Article 1 and article 6 point out that principle of constancy of the light velocity is deficient. The conclusion of this paper is that light velocity has superposition feature: in the vacuum, light wave has no oscillating medium to propagate, and the mass of light field is zero, motion of field does not need the action of force, so the motion of light is a radiation, and it is a vector c0 which is relative to the radiation velocity of light source, this is a relative velocity which is relative to the radiation source, but not the absolute velocity, and it obeys superposition principle of velocity vector, when the relative velocity v exists between light source and observer, the relative light velocity that observer measures is c = c0 + v, and such conclusion indicates: light velocity obeys Galilean principle of relativity.
In 1923, Compton used Planck quantum hypothesis and mass-energy transformation formula to explain X-ray?s scattering effect. This article uses Planck quantum hypothesis and Newton's Law and gets the same conclusion. Meanwhile, Chinese professor Wu Youxun made an experiment in 1926 and the conclusion anastomosed. Through analysis, we can see that Newton's Law is authoritative and comprehensive, but Einstein?s mass-energy transformation formula has some defects. From this point of view, this article is challenging the relativity.
According to the special relativity, clock will slow down due to its motion. So, someone took the clock into the flight capsule in the earth equator line, and measured the clock in the airplane slowing down, and then they got the conclusion ?moving clock will slow down?. This article will analyze this kind of physical phenomenon. Is Newton?s law right or relativity right? This article obtains the result through theoretical arithmetic: clock in the equator line slowing down is necessity of Newton?s law; it is caused by accelerated motion, not constant motion. Therefore, this article is challenging the relativity.
Faraday's law is that when the flux in the conductor loop changes, it produces electromotive force in the conductor loop, and obeys to contour integral law dU = - d(Phi)/dt dl, Maxwell Curl Theory is that when the magnetic intensity of a certain point in ether space changes, there produces electric field at that point in ether space, which is the field mutual production theory of ?electric field produces magnetic field and magnetic field produces electric field? in the free space which everybody is familiar with, and it obeys differential law curl E = -dB/dt; Lorentz magnetic force is that when metal electrons cut magnetic lines, metal electrons forced by F = qv x B move along the conductor to form inductive current, in fact, it doesn't matter whether coil moves or magnet moves, only if there exists relative motion between magnetic field and conductor, metal electrons must cut magnetic lines, which is, ?coil stills while magnet moves to the left? and ?magnet stills while coil moves to the right? these two situations are the same, which both belong to metal electrons having cut magnetic lines. According to the difference among the above three theories, this article introduces two experimental methods, the first one is the experimental method to distinguish Lorentz magnetic force and Faraday's Law, the second one is the experimental method to distinguish Lorentz magnetic force and Maxwell field mutual production theory, it can obtain the conclusion that ?general Lorentz magnetic force is the physical essence of all electromagnetic inductions? through analysis.
This paper indicates that the calculation of time dilation in relativity theory is as the indirect calculation of t' from ?positive transformation'. While, the calculation of the length contraction is different. X is gotten from the ?inverse transformation', and then x' is resolved. From the mathematical point, if we reverse the calculation methods, it will be time contraction and length dilation? In addition, this paper adopts Einstein's methods and gets W relativity theory. When W is given infinite value, there will be infinite relativity theories. From these, we can conclude that Einstein's Lorentz transformation is a mathematical magic, and it is not only without any mathematical logic, but also without any physical significance.
In 1832, Faraday assumed the induction between magnet and conductor produced the induced electromotive force (e.m.f.) dU in the conductor. In 1834, Lentz considered the induction produced the induced current I in the conductor. The above are all induced matters with different causal relation. In 1865, Maxwell assumed during the magnet motion vortex electric-field (E-field) was produced around free space, which seemed to end the dispute of causal relation and yet it brought forward the question that the induction was produced in the conductor or in free space? In 1892, Lorentz created a metal electronic theory, for this reason the metal electron caused the induced current under Lorentz magnetic force, in which the nature is force F instead of field. In essence, whether coil motion or magnet motion, as long as the relative movement remains between magnetic field and conductor, the metal electron will inevitably cut the magnetic line. The essence of electromagnetic induction could be consequently integrated with Lorentz magnetic force. In early twentieth century, relative electromagnetic theory arose that included electric field E and magnetic field B. So far, the unified theory on the electromagnetic induction nature has been not established. Which is nature, which is phenomenon? Which is reason? Which is result? Which is truth? Which is mistake? It is a great problem for all of us.