The expansion of nuclear power during the past 60 years was dominated by the opinion that there is no alternative to nuclear energy. Presently it provides about 14% of the total energy. The policy makers even envisioned that this would be the energy of the future. The dangerous consequences, however, were not correctly predicted. They include nuclear catastrophes from earthquakes, terrorist attacks, nuclear weapons acquired by rogue regimes, and contamination from radioactive waste. During the last one and a half years, the average rate of the earthquakes increased 3 times, and this trend continues. The main reason for the adopted energy strategy was the lack of fundamental research on alternatives to nuclear energy.