Gravitation: Revising Both Einstein and Newton
An elastic ether model of gravitational effects is proposed, and the more significant differences between the new theory and the General Theory are explored. When compared with Einstein?s curved-space model, the majority of the equations are little changed, but there are a number of real differences. The complexity of interpretation for the General Theory contrasts with the simplicity of the new gravitational model. Some of the predicted effects differ too. In a series of logical steps a new gravitational force equation is developed. It is shown that many of the cosmological implications of the General Theory are critically dependent upon the sign of the second-order term of the Taylor series expansion of the gravitational scale factor. The existing observational evidence supports the opposite sign of the second-order term, and hence the new gravitational force equation.