In the 19th Century Nicola Tesla and Thomas Edison developed electrical technology. This technology was based on the control of the electromagnetic force. The electromagnetic force has a convent range and strength. It is possible to place strong magnets within electrical machinery. The movement of these magnets induces an electric field. This type of machine is known as a generator. Conversely, the flow of electricity develops a strong magnetic field. Samuel Morris employed this strong magnetic force in his telegraph receiver. The interaction of the electric and the magnetic fields was mathematically qualified my James Clerk Maxwell. Maxwell's formulations exposed that a symmetrical relationship exists between the fields. The understanding of this symmetry allowed Guglielmo Marconi to develop radio.
Albert Einstein developed his General Theory of Gravity early in the 20th Century. The General Theory of Relativity describes a gravitomagnetic field. The gravitomagnetic field has a structure similar to the electromagnetic field, however, if acts like a repulsive gravitational field. Literature of this period portrays people being propelled by antigravity backpacks. It was believed that the force of gravity would soon come under man's control. Einstein attempted to resolve these issues and formulate a general theory for all of the natural forces. This lifelong effort did not yield a result. The gravitational force has proven to be too weak to exploit with classical technology. Classical exploitation of the gravitational symmetry would require an amount of mass, equal to the entire mass of the earth, to be concentrated within a bar magnet. This clearly is impossible. Later in the 20th Century Ernest Rutherford discovered the strong nuclear force. The strong nuclear force has a range of about one Fermi. The weak nuclear force is a range of 1/580 that of the strong nuclear force. The short range of the nuclear forces does not allow for the classical exploitation of the nuclear symmetries. Sheldon Glashow discovered, in 1979, that the electromagnetic and weak nuclear force unify at high energy. It is believed that all of the forces will unify at an extremely high energy. This energy was approached during the birth of the universe (10 exp +15 GeV ). This level of energy will be forever beyond the reach of man's technology. It is commonly believed that nothing fundamentally new is to be discovered at low energies. Science has moved on in its quest into higher energies. As these ideas became engrained into our culture, the control of the gravitational and nuclear forces was dropped from the writings of science fiction.
Early in the 20th Century Niels Bohr discovered that the electrons orbit the atoms in discrete orbits. Each orbit contains a definite about of angular momentum. The quantization of angular momentum and Planck's constant are postulates, underivable from deeper law. There validity depends on the agreement with experimental spectra. The frequency of a quantum emission depends on the energy through which the electron drops. It is not coupled to the orbital frequency of the emitting electron. The frequency of a sound wave, for example, matches the frequency of a loud speaker. Why do not quantum events obey the same rules?
Werner Heisenberg extended these ideas and mathematically qualified the intensity of a spectral emission. Werner Heisenberg and Erwin Schr?dinger were limited in that there were, at that time, no experiments that revealed the path of the quantum transition. They had no way to compute the probability of transition. Their formulations were complex and provided no clear visual picture. They did, however, find that the amplitude (energy exp 1/2) of the emitted photons is not that of the orbiting electrons. The amplitude of a sound wave, for example, matches the displacement of a loud speaker. Why do not quantum events obey the same rules? The correspondence principle was developed to explain this mystery. It states that the frequency and the amplitude of a quantum emission corresponds to the energy drop within a quantum system.
Max Born stated that amplitude does not express the energy of a quantum wave. The square of the quantum amplitude expresses the probability of a particle being at a certain location. This imaginary probability wave collapses into the real word during the process of quantum measurement. The process of measurement is shrouded in a cloud of mystery. The model is known as the Copenhagen Interpretation. According to this interpretation the common sense classical world is a subset of the quantum regime. That's the way things have stood for over 100 years.
In 1989, Stanley Pons and Martin Fleishman discovered the process of cold fusion. These reactions did not fit within the confine of contemporary theoretical constructs. The reactions proved to be difficult to reproduce. Dr. Richard Park, spokesperson for the American Physical Society, has continuously ridiculed this line of research. These difficulties prevented the general acceptance of this field of study. Most recently the Naval Weapons Laboratory has announced the discovery of high energy particles. This result has produced compelling new evidence. This evidence confirms that nuclear reactions do proceed at low energies. The Science Channel has posted a short video of these results at:
CBS 60 minutes is also covering the developments. Video posted below:
Pons and Fleishman found that the reaction had a positive thermal coefficient. If was later discovered by Professor emeritus Yoshiaki Arata of Osaka National University, and others, that the reaction took place in a domain of 50 nanometers. The product of the thermal frequency and the domain size equals a velocity of one million meters per second.
Eugene Podkletnov stimulated a 1/3 of meter spinning superconductor with a three megahhertz radio wave. This experiment was said to have produced a strong gravitational anomaly. The product of the 1/3 of meter dimension and the three megahertz radio wave also equaled a velocity one million meters per second. These results do not fit within the confine of contemporary theoretical constructs and have been widely criticized. Most recently Dr Martin Tajmar has produced similar results at the European Space Agency.
Frank Znidarsic discovered that these experiments had exposed one of nature's most tightly held hidden parameters. A low energy natural constant had been discovered. This constant is the velocity of the quantum transition (1.094 million meters per second ). The transitional velocity is associated with a frequency and an amplitude. (1.094 megahertz-meters). In 2004, Znidarsic discovered that the frequency of an emitted photon and that the atomic energy levels are affects of the transitional frequency. He went on to discover that the probability of transition is proportionate to the square of the transitional amplitude. Znidarsic's probability of transition axiom is fundamental to Born's probability of location interpretation. The action of the transitional quantum state replaces the principle of quantum correspondence. This model reveals that the quantum regime is a subset of the classical realm.
These calculations are to be published by ?Infinite Energy? in September of 2009. The process of quantum transition has been qualified. A quantum transformation is more than a quick displacement. The electron is broken apart into its constitute force fields. The fields flow strongly and at range from the parent to the daughter state. They are then reassembled into something new. The frequency of the photon does not match the frequency of the quantum emitter. The photon is not emitted. It emerges from the reassembled fields. The process is one of quantum measurement. This affect can be clearly seen in the process of beta decay. In this process a neutron decays into a proton. The daughter proton is quite different from the emitted electron and parent neutron. The strength and range of the natural forces converge during quantum transition. This author calls this process a convergence of the motion constants. This author coupled these ideas together into Znidarsic's theorem; ?The constants of the motion tend toward those of the electromagnetic in a Bose condensate that is stimulated at a dimensional frequency of 1.094 megahertz-meters.? This theorem qualifies the process of quantum transition, describes the progression of an energy flow, and exposes the process of quantum measurement. The model reveals that the vibration of superconductors and proton conductors may place these systems into a state of quantum transition. Trillions of atoms may be adjoined into a single state of quantum transition. Strong gravitational and long range nuclear affects will be induced. The long range nuclear affects can be employed for the reduction of nuclear waste and the production of power. The strong gravitational affects may be used for propulsion. This new understanding may result in technologies that will carry mankind to the stars.