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Gravity

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167 (1 to 25) << 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 >>

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by Ott Christoph Hilgenberg

Publisher: Tromben and Wellen in Bewegten Madien
Year: 1931

In this book Hilgenberg proposed a theory of gravity due to a converging (sink) flow of the ether.

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by Robert E. French

Pages: 104
Publisher: Robert E. French
Year: 2016
ISBN: 978-0-692-75314-9

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by Robert E. French

Pages: 104
Publisher: Robert E. French
Year: 2016
ISBN: 978-0-692-75314-9


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by William Day

Pages: 208
Publisher: Foundation for New Directions
Year: 2000
ISBN: 096254552X
ISBN: 978-0962545528

Websites: www.non-newtonphysics.com www.fnd.org/pgs/physics/holphy.htm

Motion is not what we think it is!

Those who explore the world of science know that the whole enterprise has but one permanent aspect: like it or not, what we know to be true is always changing. This is, of course, disconcerting to those who are emotionally attached to the explanations of nature they have learned in the past. Real progress in any kind of inquiry is always hindered by what we already think we know and, perhaps more importantly, our experiences that are shaped by this knowing.

Those who explore the worlds of bodywork and movement therapies are also familiar with uncertainty--when you have achieved some conviction about how the human body really works, there is a big surprise in store for you, often with your next client.

A New Physics is written by a chemist, William Day, and is published by a pioneer in the exploration of somatics, Marvin Solit. The reviewer attaches importance to this collaboration because of a belief that physics and the other sciences have suffered greatly from being detached from the wisdom of the living body. - From Summary by Jim Oschman (http://www.fnd.org/pgs/physics/newphysics_review.htm)

By Hal Fox:

The day this book was received in the mail, I had been having a vigorous (but friendly) discussion with Dr. S-X Jin. We were discussing the aether as a vast expanse of substance (not matter) that has enormous energy. I made the statement, ?One must keep in mind that all experiments are embedded in this highly-energetic medium.? Dr. Jin observed, ?With that concept, you can explain anything.? Exactly! However, the explanations must be based on logic, the scientific method, and not just supposition.

It was a pleasant surprise to find that Dr. William Day has, as a fundamental part of the New Physics, a universal ?medium? (which is a better name than aether) in which matter is embedded.  Day describes how it has been known for over a hundred years that light waves must have an incredibly cohesive (rigid) medium to be able to transmit light waves at 186,000 miles per second. How matter can exist, move, and demonstrate its properties in such a medium is addressed in an astonishingly simple way: ?Matter is disengaged from the medium.? Although light can be emitted by matter and travel through the medium and strike or affect other matter; light, but not matter, can travel through the medium at the speed of light.

Here is a simple experiment.  Fasten one end of an elastic material, pull it out a specific distance. Pluck the elastic and note the frequency of vibration. Now using half of the elastic material, stretch it out to the same length as before. Note that when it is plucked the vibration is much higher. That is just a simple analogy that for a medium to allow light to travel so fast, it must be more rigid (more cohesive) than steel. The nature of the disengaged (from matter) medium is its high rigidity and its ability to carry light waves at such high velocities.

The first person I have known to describe atomic electrons as an orbit shell was Dr. Randell Mills in his book, The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Quantum Mechanics, (?1996, published by Blacklight Power, ISBN 0-9635171-2-0). Dr. Day uses a similar model for electron shells around atomic nuclei and makes some interesting calculations to show how the shells are ordered. To me the orbit shell is a much improved model as compared to the concept of a small particle swirling about the nucleus like the moon around the earth.

Another novel concept Day uses in his model of motion, matter, and energy is the predominant place for motion. He explains that motion and the structure of matter are inseparable. This is a powerful concept. For those of us who have been schooled in classical physics, this concept requires some explaining (which Day does most adequately).

Another powerful concept stems from using a minimum number of discrete particles to explain the composition of all matter. A surprising statement is that ?Nature has no forces.?  For example, if matter is imbedded in the medium, Day can make the following statement: ?It takes no force for a body to move spontaneously in response to its environment. The nucleus influences the course of its satellites, not by forcing their motion, but by shaping the environment which guides them.?  Dr. Day describes how this concept can account for gravity from small to large masses and for the orbiting that occurs in some large body systems.

Day makes the following statement (page 25): ?We need to change the principles upon which the physics is based.  The physics of matter and space is different from the physics of motion devised by Newton and Einstein.  Dynamics needs to be relegated to its role of measuring the motion of bodies in Newtonian space and a new physics be use to describe the nature of matter.?

Dr. Day has carefully analyzed some of the dogma of physics.  For example, the concept of mass being able to increase with velocity is outside of our range of experience. Day states, ??physics does not provide an explanation for mass as we experience it.  To suggest that it changes with velocity, therefore, is a detached hypothesis that has to be accepted on faith.?

From this reviewer?s fifty years of trying to comprehend the physical nature of the universe, one major concept has emerged: Too much of modern physics is dogma and must be accepted on faith. The new physics as espoused by William Day is surprisingly free of dogma.  However, there are concepts that are so new and, therefore, lacking in experimental proof, that the reader must label these concepts as a part of a developing model subject to experimental challenges.

The historic work by Michelson in setting up experiments to determine the effect on transmitted light by the earth?s rotation through the aether is only half taught in many of our institutions of learning. The work by Michelson and Morley (in 1887), which had negligible results, is frequently cited and strongly used to support the concept that there is no aether. What the experiment actually proved was that the experimental arrangement could not measure the influence of the earth?s motion with respect to the luminiferous aether. Michelson and Gale (in 1925) reported on an improved experiment designed to test: ?Theory of the effect of the rotation of the earth on the velocity of light as derived on the hypothesis of a fixed ether.? The results of this experiment in which ??two hundred and sixty determinations?? were made were positive.

The observed results were 0.230 +/- 0.005 (fringes) and the calculated results were 0.236 +/- 0.002 fringes. An amazingly close agreement between observations and theoretical prediction. Dr. William Day reprints the Michelson-Gale report in an Appendix to his book for which this reviewer applauds the author! Ask yourself the question, ?Why do the scientific professors teach the negative results of the early Michelson-Morley experiment and ignore the extensive data and high accuracy of the Michelson-Gale report?? You will probably consider the same explanation as this reviewer and, I believe, Dr. William Day has reached. The Michelson-Gale data did not fit the currently-accepted model of physics, therefore, the data was ignored and, unfortunately, still is. Dogma is more important than facts in some cases.  Fortunately, Day?s model of Physics is free of dogma and explains many of the unexplained experimental observations that are unexplained by current physics.

Dr. William Day has spent well over a decade in publishing his four books as he has developed A New Physics. (Bridge From Nowhere, 1989; Bridge From Nowhere II, 1996; and Holistic Physics, 1998).  This book, A New Physics, is highly recommended. It should be made ?must read? for every college freshman before he or she takes their first course in college physics. Then it should be reread after they take college physics. This reviewer believes that in this book lies the foundation (but not all of the answers) for a fundamental improvement in our model of physical reality.


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by Reginald Irvan Gray

Pages: 65
Publisher: Reginald Irvan Gray
Year: 1975-ish


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For over 300 years the conflict between electromagnetic wave and particle theories has engaged the minds of physicists and mathematicians, the cleavage being accentuated rather than reduced by the advent of wave mechanics. The classical electromagnetic theory of Maxwell, which has never claimed to be other than a linear, macroscopic theory, fails to explain the kno'lm, quantized, particle structure of the Universe and yet it provides an excellent fit to the experimental data at lower frequericies.

The linear electromagnetic equations, which ignore all higher order terms are, like the equation of S.H.M. applicable to the spring supported mass and the pendulum, only true as the displacement tends to zero. By means of lasers it has recently been proved that optical media are amplitude non-linear. Nor is the vacuum an exception to this rule. The fact of Dirac/s vacuum state is amply supported by experimental evidence of electron-positron pair production and annihilation (Ref. 10, pp. 214 to 219). The vacuum can be ionized, to yield a pair, with a potential energy of 2mec2 ~ 1.02 MeV and this corresponds to the resonant peak of the dispersion characteristic. Optical photons with energies of only one to three eVe can produce virtual pairs in the phenomenon of light scattering by light, demonstration of which, in vacuo, awaits the inevitable development of more powerful lasers and x-ray-asers.

Perhaps least well known of all the anomalies are the contradications within the classical tHeory itself. 'l'hese are discussed at some length in this paper.

All these anomalies spring from the same root cause and in order to eliminate them a new unified theory of electromagnetism and gravity has been developed by the Author over the last 10 years. 'rhis theory, which quantizes naturally and necessarily, removes all the known anomalies and yields Maxwell.ls equations as a very good approximation when the signal. frequency is so low compared with the "Zitterbewegung" frequency of the electron that the use of differential wave equations introduces negligible error. This paper is a synopsis of a book which is soon to be published.


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by

Pages: 66
Publisher: Self-Published
Year: 2012
ISBN: 1475108699

Websites: https://www.createspace.com/3836009

One night, I started to wonder about how I could prove that 'time' is not a fundamental property of the Universe. One month later, I had finished writing a paper on what is either the Grand Unifying Theory of physics, or a record of some of the strangest therapy sessions ever devised. This book contains the paper as well as the story behind the paper and its author.


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by Lindy Millard

Pages: 15
Publisher: Borderland Sciences
Year: 1986
ISBN: B001NQVJXM

Websites: www.borderlands.com/alternativescience.htm

In more enlightened quarters the ether has never gone out of fashion. The extraordinary science of ether physics explains the four forces that comprise our universe. Millard begins with the Four Creative Forces of Lemuria, and carries on into Gravitational, Electric, Magnetic, and Fields of Optical Radiation-Pressure. The regions thus characterized are called fields, namely: (1) gravitational fields, (2) electric fields, (3) magnetic fields, (4) fields of optical radiation-pressure. Some explanatory diagrams are included.

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by Matti J. Pitk?nen

Pages: 107
Publisher: Matti Pitk?nen


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The basic hypothesis of Topological Geometro-Dynamics (TGD) is that space-time is representable as a 4-surface in 8-dimensional space M4+ ? CP2. The notion of many-sheeted space-time forced by this hypothesis implies numerous new physics effects including gravitational anomalies, the possibility of negative energy space-time sheets making possible over unity energy production and classical communications to the geometric past. An essential element is the new view about the relationship between inertial and gravitational energy. The geometrization of the classical gauge fields in turn predicts the existence of long range color and electro-weak gauge fields, in particular classical Z0 field, which gives rise to macroscopic effects resembling those assigned usually with torsion fields. These fields are assignable to dark matter hierarchy rather than ordinary matter. In this article the strange findings about the physics of rotating magnetic systems are discussed in order to illustrate the new physics predicted by TGD.

In the beginning of the year 2002 I learned about strange effects related to rotating magnetic systems, and the model for these effects has evolved (and is still evolving) gradually during the year 2002 via trial and error process. Several new physics effects seem to be involved.


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by Steven Rado

Pages: 155
Publisher: Aethron Press
Year: 2009
ISBN: 0966757181
ISBN: 978-0966757187

The theory of an all-pervading physical Aether as forming a 'cosmosphere' by its randomly moving constituents, the 'Aethrons', producing an isotropic static pressure on every point of the Universe. The 'natural vorticity' (Descartes) of this medium creates local rotations in the fluid which are condensed by the pressure and evolve into dynamic matter. The first permanent and encapsulated evolutionary unit is a 'donut-vortex-dipole' equal to the modern 'electron dipole', that continues to evolve in all magnitudes of atoms, molecules, solar-systems, galaxies, etc. The model of the Aether is based on the simplest form of Newton's mechanics, but declines his 'Universal Gravitational force' by replacing it with a new force due to the 'Evolution of Matter' thru the dynamic condensation of the Aether into subatomic, atomic and molecular systems, encapsulated into units by the cosmic pressure. Thus, 'matter' is the condensation of rotational dynamics of Aether. All evolving matter consumes the cosmosphere and this procedure rarefying the Aether, that is, create a 'suction force' produced by the inhalation of Aether by the cosmic bodies, feeding their internal evolution. Consider the following enigmas of present physics: Galileo's 'Inertia' and 'Principle of Equivalence' , Newton's mysterious identity of 'gravitational and inertial masses' for explaining Galileo and saving his own derivation of the Kepler's formula. Coulomb's negative and positive fluid charges creating the neutrality of matter, instead of Franklin's much simpler an sensible 'one fluid' theory with its 'surplus', or 'deficiency' on the electrified objects. Faraday's mysteriously visible magnetic and electric lines of forces in empty space and Maxwell's inability to build a model of Aether which forces him to a Langrangean mathematical detour and to postulate an enigmatic 'displacement current' without a conveying Aether.? J.J. Thomson discovery of the first subatomic particle, named as 'electron' and defined as a negative? charge carrier in one of Coulomb's two fluids. Rutherford discovered a second subatomic particle, the 'proton' being 1836 times more massive than the electron, but inherits the 'same unit charge' as the electron, but 'positive'. Thus the proton became the nucleus of the Hydrogen atom, with one orbital electron. Einstein demolished all Aether theories, postulated that the speed of light is the limit of the motion of matter and discovered that the 'inertial mass' of an object is increasing when it is approaching the speed of light. His gravitation is not a 'force', but simply an 'acceleration field', that is due to 'the effect of mass on geometry, as it curves? Euclid's straight line motion into orbits according to the inverse square law of action at a distance. 20th century physics finally concludes that protons are imprisoned in the nucleus and could not 'flow' at all, thus the 'electric current' is not the positive fluid of protons as Coulomb suggested, but the negative 'Electron Current'. Nevertheless, the protons are still repelling each other with an immense force of repulsion in the tiny nucleus, therefore, to save the 'electrostatic model of the atom' and Coulomb's whole theory had to be mathematically saved by the newest 'Standard Model' of 'Quantum Mechanics' by postulating an immensely 'Strong Nuclear Force', which is just enough strong to cancel the protonic repulsion in the nucleus but short-range enough to leave a good old attraction field alive to keep the electrons on their orbits at 10.000 nuclei-diameters distance away in empty space...by 'action at a distance'.? All these are described, explained and resolved here by Aethro-dynamics that is also contains a full CD version of the first volume; Aethro-kinematics for detailed history.

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by Ben Solomon

Pages: 396
Publisher: Universal Publishers
Year: 2008
ISBN: 1599429926
ISBN: 978-1599429922

An Introduction to Gravity Modification will enable academics and technologists to comprehend the physics and facilitate the engineering of gravity modification today, using real dimensions, real fields, real materials, and real forces. Based on Solomon's research with electrical circuits that change weight, and extensive numerical modeling of experimental data, Solomon presents the new physics of forces and reviews Prof. Eric R. Laithwaite's and Dr. Yevgeny Podkletnov's experiments. An Introduction to Gravity Modification is the first book to explain how relativity and quantum mechanics will change to accommodate gravity modification as a working technology. - Review, PESWiki

First 25 pages from the publisher


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by John A. Thomas

Pages: 130
Publisher: DISC Worldwide Inc.
Year: 1993
ISBN: 1898827990
ISBN: 978-1898827993

"The World Automobile Machinery is going to collapse after lack of oil resources..." It seems like future fiction, but almost fortunately is the new reality, who expands the possibility of using nature-like and healthy way of moving ourselves everywhere. Maybe an original text of John Searl should explain more about Anti-gravity technical information, but lacking the overall published availability on this matter, it's an almost collector's item on this subject. In conclusion: A Beginners Guide to U.F.O.'s technology. - Amazon

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by Andre K. T. Assis

Pages: 233
Publisher: Apeiron
Year: 2010
ISBN: 9780986492648

Websites: redshift.vif.com/

This is the second edition of a book originally published in 2008.

One of the goals of this book is to present the basic phenomena of mechanics through simple experiments performed with inexpensive materials. We present the fundamental experiments on falling bodies, equilibrium and oscillations around equilibrium positions. We also show how the theoretical concepts are formed and modified during this process, just as occurred in the formulation of the basic laws of mechanics.

We show how more complex phenomena can be explained and clarified by means of elementary experiments. Playful and curious experiments are also presented. They stimulate creativity, critical thinking and a sense of humour in science. They also relate everyday phenomena to the fundamental laws of physics.

The emphasis is placed on experimental activities. After the experiments we formulate the definitions, concepts, postulates, principles, and laws describing the phenomena. The materials utilized are very simple, easily found at home or in stores, all of them very inexpensive. Even so, we can carry out very precise experiments and construct sensitive scientific equipment. The reader need not depend on any school or research laboratory, as he can build his own equipment and perform all the measurements.

If the experiments presented here are performed in the classroom, each student should ideally perform all the tasks, even when working in a group. Each one should build his own equipment (support, plumb line, lever, etc.), cut out his geometric figures and then take all this personal material home. This procedure is richer in lessons than simple demonstrations of the effects by a teacher. It is essential that all students put their hands to the plough.

The book is also rich in historical information, which gives the context in which some laws were discovered, and also different approaches taken in discovering them. We are careful about in formulating concepts and physical principles. It will be seen, for example, how difficult is to find the correct words to precisely define the center of gravity so that this concept can encompass a whole series of experiments. We distinguish clearly between definitions, postulates, experimental results, and physical laws. We also distinguish explanations from descriptions of phenomena. These aspects illustrate the sociological and human aspects of the formulation of physical laws.

This book is written for students and teachers of science, physics, and mathematics. It can be utilized at High Schools or at Universities, depending on the level at which each aspect is analyzed and explored. It has enough experimental and theoretical material to be employed in all levels of teaching. Each teacher should adapt the contents presented here to his own school environment. It can also be utilized in courses on the history and philosophy of science.

The best way to grasp the contents of the book is to perform the majority of the experiments described here in parallel with the reading. There are many philosophical, theoretical, and mathematical approaches relating to physical science. But physics is essentially an experimental science. It is the combination of all these aspects that make it so fascinating. For this reason we strongly recommend that the experiments presented in the book be repeated and improved. We hope that the reader will have the same pleasure in performing these experiments as we had in developing them.


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by Andre K. T. Assis

Pages: 243
Publisher: Apeiron
Year: 2008
ISBN: 9780973291179

Websites: redshift.vif.com/

Arquimedes, o Centro de Gravidade e a Lei da Alavanca ? um livro que lida com os aspectos fundamentais da f?sica. Descreve os principais eventos na vida de Arquimedes e o conte?do de suas obras. Discute um grande n?mero de experi?ncias relacionadas com o equil?brio de corpos suspensos que est?o sob a a??o gravitacional terrestre. Todas as experi?ncias s?o descritas com clareza e realizadas com materiais simples, baratos e facilmente acess?veis. Estas experi?ncias levam a uma defini??o conceitual precisa do centro de gravidade e ilustram procedimentos pr?ticos para encontr?-lo com precis?o. S?o analisadas as condi??es de equil?brio est?vel, neutro e inst?vel. S?o descritos e explicados muitos brinquedos de equil?brio. Aspectos hist?ricos relacionados a este conceito s?o apresentados, juntamente com os valores te?ricos do centro de gravidade de diversos corpos obtidos por Arquimedes. O livro tamb?m explica como construir e calibrar balan?as e alavancas precisas e sens?veis. S?o realizadas diversas experi?ncias com estes instrumentos at? se chegar a uma defini??o matem?tica do centro de gravidade e ? lei da alavanca, tamb?m chamada de primeira lei da mec?nica. S?o descritas diversas conseq??ncias desta lei, assim como diferentes demonstra??es de como se chegar nela. ? feita uma an?lise detalhada das obras de Euclides e de Arquimedes, assim como uma tradu??o de duas obras destes autores. Uma ampla bibliografia ? inclu?da no final da obra.

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by Peter K. Bros

Pages: 263
Publisher: Financial Book Partners
Year: 1995
ISBN: 0962776955
ISBN: 978-0962776953

Websites: www.copernican-series.com/citadelp.html

With Kepler's Laws of planetary motion, the most mathematical of laws, failing to describe the reality it was designed to describe, where does that leave all of the nonmathematically based laws that underlie modern science, laws which seek to describe reality based on the agreement that they are evident to the sense of all mankind? Does modern science have at its roots a misperception similar to the misconception that put the sun moving around the Earth, a misconception of the universe so basic as to reverse the picture of reality? By assuming movement in the universe to be the result of historical forces, modern science has blinded itself to the measurable fact that matter requires force to remain in motion. As a result, science analyzes the universe with concepts designed to explain what is causing matter to move from trajectories assumed to be the result of historical forces rather than analyzing what is causing the matter to move in the first place. If modern science can create laws that don't describe reality and then conform reality to those laws, if it can ignore the forces required to maintain current motion in favor of creating a physical reality that doesn't exist, then it must be operating with a defective methodology!At the Gates of the Citadel shows that the scientific method is a tool to create facts rather than a method to analyze physical reality. It describes the mistakes, the misconceptions that have led to the picture of reality modern science paints, a picture that has no basis in physical reality.

Empirical science purports to use procedures which turn concepts into facts. In doing so, it creates unchallengeable laws, laws that were created by men hundreds of years ago before we had any real knowledge of reality, but which now control the reality that empirical science paints a picture of for us. For instance, in an attempt to demonstrate that gravity is proportional to matter, rather than what matter is doing, cooling, Newton created a law that planets will move in straight lines but for the force of gravity, giving rise to the endless search for black holes and dark matter. Thus, our concepts of motion are built the billiard tables of the elite upon which balls remain at rest until something strikes them, and then remain in motion until something stops them. But the balls, sitting motionless on the billiard table, are not motionless. They are traveling around eight hundred miles an hour where I live, moving with the surface of the Earth as the Earth rotates on its axis at about 25,000 miles per hour. They are moving at the rate of 67,000 miles per hour as the Earth orbits the sun, and about 300 miles per hour as the sun falls within the galactic arm. Thus, the existing laws of motion do not adequately explain motion, because empirical science has no physical description of what is holding the balls motionless with respect to the surface of the Earth and no physical description of the forces that make the planets rotate on their axes or orbit the sun, or the sun to drift with the galactic arm of which it is a part. However, knowing that the balls at rest on the surface of the billiard table are not motionless, we can look at the planets orbiting the sun, and assume they are in motion when in fact we know that all objects, no matter where, come to rest with respect to the current forces that are acting upon them, the new law of motion set forth in At the Gates of the Citadel. Even though with respect to one another, the forces with which the planets are at rest with cause the planets to appear to move, knowing that the planets are at rest with respect to the current forces acting upon them leads us to examine reality in a search for what Sir Francis Bacon called the hidden causes of motion, causes that we would never really be able to know with certainty, but which we could approximate by creating concepts based on existing facts, and then updating those concepts as new facts come to light, the very antithesis of the empirical law producing, fact creating scientific method.At the Gates of the Citadel outlines the way we have to deal with the things we can never know with certainty, eliminating all of the laws and scientific "facts" in favor of a concept model designed to weed out the inconsistent in favor of that which explains the most, with the most consistency and the least effort, the goal of The Copernican Series.


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by Ajay Sharma

Pages: 334
Publisher: Cambridge International Science Publishing Ltd. Cambridge ENGLAND
Year: 2013
ISBN: 978-1907343933

Websites: www.AjayOnLine.us www.amazon.com/Beyond-Newton-Archimedes-Ajay-Sharma/dp/1907343938 www.cisp-publishing.com/acatalog/info_109.html

Beyond Newton and Archimedes  Publisher:  Cambridge International Science Publishing, Cambridge England, Oct. 2013 
 The spiritualism becomes science if testable. Science becomes superstition if un-testable.
http://www.amazon.com/Beyond-Newton-Archimedes-Ajay-Sharma/dp/1907343938
  Chapters of                           ‘Beyond Newton and Archimedes
1. 2360 Years Old Aristotle's Assertion Revalidated by Stokes Law
2. Construction of Water, Glycerine
and Ethyl Alcohol Barometers
3. Archimedes Principle: The Oldest Established Law
4. The Generalized Form of Archimedes Principle
5. Prediction of Indeterminate Form Of Volume From
6. Archimedes Principle Is Stokes Law Applicable for Rising Bodies?
7. Limitation of Existing Theories and an Alternate Theory of Rising, Falling and Floating  Bodies
8. Route to Newton's Laws of Motion
9. Experimental Confirmations of Equations of Conservation Laws in Elastic Collisions
10. Elastic Collisions in One Dimension and Newton's Third Law of Motion
                        Back cover of Beyond Newton and Archimedes

·         Newton’s second law of motion, F = ma was not derived by Newton. It is clear from the Principia. Euler gave in 1775 in research article. It is available at website of Mathematical Association of America. However, the first and third laws, as we teach now, were given by Newton.

·          The mathematical equations, based upon the Archimedes principle, became feasible after 1937 years of enunciation of the principle. How did scientists take the principle granted for so many years without equations?  Newton defined g (acceleration due to gravity) in 1687.

·           When mathematically analyzed, the 2265 years old Archimedes principle predicts that, under certain feasible conditions, the volume of the medium filling a balloon becomes undefined, i.e. V = 0/0 (meaningless).

·         When the Archimedes principle is generalized, then the exact volume, i.e. V = V is obtained.

·         Further, the Archimedes principle does not account for the shape of the body, the viscosity of the medium, etc., these factors can be taken in account by the generalized principle. The generalization can be experimentally confirmed by sensitive experiments.

·            R  Piazza reported  anomalous observations to the Archimedes principle in sensitive    experiments, i.e. heavy particles of gold floated over the surface of a lighter medium.

·         Aristotle’s assertion about falling bodies (i.e. a heavier body falls more quickly than a lighter one) is even now true under the conditions, Stokes law holds good (in fluids).

·         In the existing literature, there is no theory which explains the distance travelled (fallen or arisen) by bodies of different magnitudes (1 mgm or less and 10 kg or more ) of different shapes ( spherical or distorted)  in time t  (say 1s) in various fluids.  Consequently a generalized theory of rising, falling and floating bodies is formulated for the first time.

 

·         The Italian scientist Evangelista Torricelli constructed a mercury barometer in 1644, but even after 369 years no water barometer has been constructed. It would require a tube 10.3 m long and experiments may be revolutionary in many respects.
www.AjayOnLine.us   Email ajay.pqrs@gmail.com  Mobile  0091 94184 50899



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by Dewey B. Larson

Publisher: North Pacific Publishers
Year: 1964
ISBN: 0913138037
ISBN: 978-0913138038

Dewey focus's on Gravity in this short book. Demolishing present day physics theory's on a universe based on matter. His theory so perfectly answer's so many heretofore unsolveable questions on gravity and the atomic structure. Cleary elaborates the error of present day orthodox concepts and how his theory more accurately solves the major problems of physics. This is the long awaited Unified Field Theory Einstien and others have worked so hard to find but were limited by erroneous assumptions.

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by Nicolaus Vern

Pages: 153
Publisher: Createspace
Year: 2012
ISBN: 9781480149618

Websites: Amazon

Nature prefers bubbles...
Is it possible for us to consider that the Earth might be hollow? Just 660km of crust over 11400km of void! Expanding Earth theories have been struggling for a mechanism for their expansion for many years, and yet general relativity seems to support the creation of hollow planets. Is the final link between these theories, the possibility that gravity is strongly affected by temperature? Does the temperature of an object have a significant effect on the gravitational field it produces? If the answer is yes - and I believe it is - then we might be able to believe the Earth is hollow - our very own ?Bubble Earth?.
Nicolaus Vern is a philosopher of science (Natural Philosophy). In his first book, ?Bubble Earth?, he winds back the current understanding of gravity and time to the beginning of the nineteenth century, and begins again. In stark contrast to the fantastic claims of modern day theoretical physicists, he constructs a physical/mechanical model-of-understanding of the Universe, a model in which a sensible person might be able to believe.

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by Morton F. Spears

Pages: 100
Publisher: Quill Publications, Inc.
Year: 1991
ISBN: 0962993301

Websites: www2.econ.iastate.edu/tesfatsi/MFSpears/

Every object or particle floating in space has capacitance to its background and to other objects or particles. For electrically energized objects or particles, capacitance establishes the ratio of charge-to-voltage, but needs neither charge nor voltage to exist. It is part of the fundamental nature of the universe. Yet capacitance is rarely, if ever, included in theories of basic forces and fields. This book demonstrates some of the profound effects of capacitance, establishing correct qualitative and precise quantitative characteristics of gravity as confirmed by the many empirical observations and measurements made through the years.

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by Oleg D. Jefimenko

Pages: 224
Publisher: Electret Scientific Company
Year: 1992; 2nd ed 2000
ISBN: 0917406230
ISBN: 978-0917406232

Websites: www.as.wvu.edu/coll03/phys/www/OJ/jefimenk.html en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oleg_D._Jefimenko

This book is a strikingly new exploration of the fundamentals of Maxwell's electromagnetic theory and of Newton's theory of gravitation. Starting with an analysis of causality in the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction, the author discovers a series of heretofore unknown or overlooked electromagnetic interdependencies and equations. One of the most notable new results is the discovery that Maxwell's equations do not depict cause and effect relations between electromagnetic phenomena: causal dependencies in electromagnetic phenomena are found to be described by solutions of Maxwell's equations in the form of retarded electric and magnetic field integrals. A consequence of this discovery is that, contrary to the generally accepted view, time-variable electric and magnetic fields cannot cause each other and that both fields are simultaneously created by their true causative sources -- time-dependent electric charges and currents. Another similarly important discovery is that Lenz's law of electromagnetic induction is a manifestation of the previously ignored electric force produced by the time-dependent electric currents. These discoveries lead to important new methods of calculations of various electromagnetic effects in time- depended electromagnetic systems. The new methods are demonstrated by a variety of illustrative examples. Continuing his analysis of causal electromagnetic relations, the author finds that these relations are closely associated with the law of momentum conservation, and that with the help of the law of momentum conservation one can analyze causal relations not only in electromagnetic but also in gravitational systems. This leads to the discovery that in the time-dependent gravitational systems the momentum cannot be conserved without a second gravitational force field, which the author calls the "cogravitational, or Heaviside's, field." This second field, first predicted by Heaviside, relates to the gravitational field proper just as the magnetic field relates to the electric field. The author then generalizes Newton's gravitational theory to time-dependent systems and derives causal gravitational equations in the form of two retarded integrals similar to the retarded integrals for the electric and magnetic fields introduced previously. One of the most important consequences of the causal gravitational equations is that a gravitational interaction between two bodies involves not one force (as in Newton's theory) but as many as five different forces corresponding to the five terms in the two retarded gravitational and cogravitational field integrals. These forces depend not only on the masses and separation of the interacting bodies, but also on their velocity and acceleration and even on the rate of change of their masses. A series of illustrative examples on the calculation of these new forces is provided and a graphical representation of these forces is given. The book concludes with a discussion of the possibility of antigravitation as a consequence of the negative equivalent mass of the gravitational field energy. The book is written in the style and format of a textbook. The clear presentation, the detailed derivations of all the basic formulas and equations, and the many illustrative examples make this book well suitable not only for independent studies but also as a supplementary textbook in courses on electromagnetic theory and gravitation. The second edition of the book refines and improves the first edition, especially in the presentation and development of Newton's gravitational theory generalized to time-dependent gravitational systems. The book has been augmented by several new Appendixes. Particularly notable are Appendixes 5, 6, and 8. Appendixes 5 and 6 present novel "dynamic" electric and gravitational field maps of rapidly moving charges and masses. Appendix 8 contains the little-known but extremely important Heaviside's 1893 article on the generalization of Newton's gravitational theory. - Amazon

View count: 1
by Joel M. Williams

Pages: 108
Publisher: AuthorHouse
Year: 2005
ISBN: 1420842382
ISBN: 978-1420842388

Websites: pages.swcp.com/~jmw-mcw

My MCAS electronic model of atoms demonstrates that:

  1. Atoms are more like blocks than spheres. Thus, atoms can truly be called nature's ?building blocks?.
  2. Laws that govern electrons at the atomic level are the same ones that govern them in our macro-world. Electrons do not possess ?OR? duality (wave OR particle), but rather they possess ?AND? duality. In the absence of a model that allows things to be the same at the atomic and macro-environments, it is perfectly reasonable to adopt one that can be mathematically described. But as the MCAS model demonstrates, electrons do NOT need to be different at the atomic level! Thus, it is quite illogical to think otherwise.
  3. Electron-spin predestined the predominant singular twist of natural molecules (i.e., DNA). With a singular spin, electrons flow chirally around nuclei. Thus, electronic orbitals possess built-in chirality. Atoms of the universe were the first to have a one-way traffic system.
  4. The electronic structure about an atom is dynamically flexible. As more electrons surround a nucleus, more optimal packing arrangements must occur. At speeds near that of light, electrons tune to each other's velocity, position, and charge to occupy observed energy states. The ?uncertainty principle? applies to man and his tools, not to electrons.
  5. Having a mathematical description does NOT validate a model. Degenerate, funny shaped orbitals (think dz2) in the currently accepted model highlight the power of mathematics to model anything and everything. With complete faith in mathematics, intellectuals no longer revisit the reasons for its epicycles; any error is unthinkable. Generations are duped as tons of scripture turn theory into law. Unbiased introspection is lost, even as intellectuals are certain it is otherwise. Heretics are just ignored by the powers that be and their views go unseen by the masses.
  6. The current quantum-mechanical model for electrons around atoms is NOT correct. The quantum theoretical approach is validated by the photoelectric effect. It is the nlms model that is not correct. The electronic cloud around a hydrogen atom is NOT spherical; it is tetrahedral and chiral. Electrons of atoms retain their velocity by interacting with the nucleus. Thus, they are nuclear powered.

Scientific Enigmas

  • The Binary Mole
  • Radioactivity - Atomic Alarm Clocks
  • Tunneling - A Time Phenomena
  • Gravity Simplified
  • Delta State of Matter

The MCAS Atomic Model

  • Modeling the MCAS Way
  • Electrostatics of MCAS Molecule
  • Quantum Aspects of MCAS Model
  • Reactions the MCAS Way
  • A YBCO Superconductor and MCAS

View count: 1
by Stefan Marinov

Pages: 260
Publisher: International Publishers
Year: 1981

Websites: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Marinov

 MATHEMATICAL APPARATUS represents Part I of CLASSICAL PHYSICS which consists of the following five volumes:

I. Mathematical apparatus.
II. Axiomatics. Low-velocity mechanics.
III. High-velocity mechanics.
IV. Gravi-magretism.
V. Elektromagnetism.

The mathematical apparatus used in the four physical parts is presented in Part I. Thus the whole book can be read without consulting any other mathematical book. CLASSICAL PHYSICS is written as a text-book for high school students but, because of its simplicity and clarity can also be read by college students. It shows that classical physics is a very simple study understandable for any person who wishes to know it.


View count: 1
by Stefan Marinov

Pages: 236
Publisher: International Publishers
Year: 1981

Websites: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Marinov

GRAVIMAGRETISM represents Part IV of Marinov?s encyclopaedic CLASSICAL PHYSICS. In Marinov?s absolute space-time theory the gravitational phenomena are considered by analogy with the electromagnetic phenomena. Aiming to obtain a complete mathematical similarity in the gravitational and electromagnetic theories, Marinov introduces hypothetically the magretic energy as a space-time companion to the space gravitational energy, in the same manner as magnetic energy is a space-time companion to the space electric energy. For this reason Marinov re-names the gravitational theory "gravimagretism. Until today experiments have not given proofs about the existence or non-existence of magretic energy. Such an experiment (the "cauldron" experiment) is proposed by Marinov in Part V. The results of Marinov?s accelerated "coupled-mirrors" experiment (described in Part III) shows that Einstein?s principle of equivalence is not valid, i.e. one can make an experimental distinction between a kinematic and a gravitational acceleration. Marinov?s high-velocity experiments lead to the conclusion that our universe is static as a whole. Thus Marinov considers the "red shift" of the galaxies as a gravitational effect and not as a Doppler effect due to the "escaping velocities" of the galaxies. Marinov shows that the gravitational treatment of the "red shift" leads to a quadratic dependence on the distance to the galaxies and not to a linear dependence as one obtains at the Doppler treatment. The observational data fit better to a quadratic dependence and not to a linear dependence as was established previously by Hubble.

View count: 1
by Stefan Marinov

Pages: 246
Publisher: International Publishers
Year: 1981

Websites: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stefan_Marinov

ELECTROMAGNETISM represents Part V of Marinov?s encyclopaedic CLASSICAL PHYSICS. In Marinov?s absolute space-time theory the fundamental equations in electromagnetism and gravimagretism are obtained as mathematical corollaries of the axiomatically accepted energy conservation law and of the axiomatically introduced forms of the space (electrical and gravitational), space-time (magnetic and magretic), and time (rest plus kinetic) energies. The unique difference between electromagnetism and gravimagretism is that the parameters of the space and space-time energies in electromagnetism are the electric charges of the particles which are velocity independent, while in gravimagretism those parameters are the proper masses of the particles which are velocity dependent. Marinov shows (in Part III) that the time energy of any particle is its gravitational energy with the mass of the whole universe. Thus, because of the velocity dependence on the gravitational energy, any particle is related to absolute space through its proper mass. The recent experiment of Werner on the Sagnac effect with neutrons gives an eloquent confirmation of this assertion. When considering the motion of a particle in a moving laboratory, electromagnetic forces appear due to the absolute motion of the laboratory. So the elementary particles revolving in a circular accelerator move with different velocities at different points of their trajectories. Marinov builds whole his theory without introducing the notion "spreading of interaction"; on the basis of his absolute space-time conceptions he calculates in a very simple and lucid way the potential, radiation, and radiation reaction fields of a moving charge.

View count: 1
by Max Jammer

Pages: 176
Publisher: Harvard University Press / Princeton University Press
Year: 1961/1999/2009
ISBN: 069114432X
ISBN: 978-0691144320
ISBN: 069101017X
ISBN: 978-0691010175

"Concepts of Mass in Contemporary Physics and Philosophy addresses an important issue, covering a large swathe of territory and presenting technical results in clear and accessible way. There is no comparable study of mass in the field, and the need for a synoptic review is obvious. Philosophers and historians of science, who often lack the technical expertise to evaluate the work of physicists, will find the book very useful. Physicists, too, will value the book, particularly because it brings together results that are widely dispersed in the literature." -- Tim Maudlin, Rutgers University

"Professor Max Jammer's book is a significant and important contribution to the conceptual foundations of physics, especially in the manner in which it explores how the concept of mass occurs in the context of gravitational and space-time theories." -- Ronald Anderson, Boston College

An interesting and stimulating mix of physics and philosophical issues . . . and its also fun to read. -- Barry R. Holstein, American Scientist

[Jammer's] contributions to the conceptual foundations of physics have been, and continue to be, both fruitful and enlightening. -- Jonathan Bain, Physics Today

[Jammer's] contributions to the conceptual foundations of physics have been, and continue to be, both fruitful and enlightening. -- Review
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Pages: 349
Publisher: Editora do Centro de Logica e Epistemologia da Universidade Estadual de Campinas
Year: 1998
Pages: 264
Publisher: Lulu Enterprises
Year: 2010