Abstracts Details

The paradox formulated by Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen aimed to prove incomplete the description of reality provided by wave functions and the need for additional (hidden) variables, which restore causality and locality in quantum physics. Bell's theorem followed and seemed to prove that unlike the Copenhagen version of Quantum Mechanics, any theory based on hidden variables predicts incorrect outcomes for quantum entanglements. As a result, physicists drew the following conclusions: 1) all deterministic versions of Quantum Mechanics are inherently incorrect 2) quantum particles interact instantaneously across any distance and 3) Quantum Mechanics and the Theory of Relativity are incompatible. But Bell implicitly assumed locality means the angular-momentum of one entangled particle cannot be exactly predicted based on the measurement of the other particle. Simple and unequivocal experiments show Bell's assumption is invalid. Therefore, all three conclusions are wrong. Classical Mechanics, which is strictly deterministic and local, and Quantum Mechanics will merge seamlessly after the revision of the later. Quantum entanglements allow circumventing the uncertainty principle. These are the significant facts revealed by the EPR paradox and Bell's theorem not previous assertions. The overhaul of Quantum Mechanics has to start with three crucial corrections: 1) the assumption that a quantum object exists in a superposition of states must be replaced with the ensemble interpretation of a wave function, 2) the energy of deformation must be included in the Hamiltonian of quantum objects and 3) the term "particle" should be outlawed.

Classical physics can predict relativistic effects, such as mass increase, length contraction and time dilation without recourse to particular hypotheses like the existence of aether. The compo-nents of ?elementary' particles are bound by gauge bosons, i.e., quanta of inner forces. The average energy of these quanta and particle velocity are correlated according to the classic Doppler effect. The relativistic Doppler effect is not taken into account because Einstein's principle of relativity is untenable. Based on the law of energy equi-partition, all oscillators within an ?elementary' particle, i.e., all quanta and matter-like components, have the same average energy. As a result, the relativistic energy and mass are proportional to the Lorentz factor. In turn, this mass increase leads to length contraction and time dilation. The velocity of light in vacuum obeys the classic rule of velocity addition, but length contraction can hide this fact and therefore explains Michelson and Morley's null results. More recent measurements, which are not skewed by length contraction, prove light obeys the classic theorem of velocity addition.

Quantum mechanics (QM) is based on the assumption that particles such as electrons and protons are ?elementary'. This assumption has been invalidated by experimental work - scattering experiments have proved that ?elementary' particles are actually complex structures. Due to deformation, such structures accumulate internal energy, which cannot be neglected. Correctly applied i.e, without neglecting the internal energy, classical physics provides a deterministic and unitary description of virtually all non-relativistic phenomena regardless of scale, including the quantization of electromagnetic emissions, the double slit experiment, the tunneling effect, radioactivity and the discrete levels of atomic energy.

This paper is aka "Internal Energy and the Dynamics of Quantum Particles: Classical Model", republished in *Galilean Electrodynamics*, V19, N1, pp. 3-9 (2008).

The double slit experiment, which supposedly demonstrates the unique nature of ?elementary' particles, is faithfully reproduced with objects having a mass of 7.5 kilograms, a speed of more than 2 m/s, and a size of 0.5 m. The wavelength of these objects may exceed 6 cm, depending on the force applied to induce oscillations internal to the objects, which do occur in any composite object, regardless of scale.

This paper is aka "Internal Energy and the Dynamics of Quantum Particles - Experiments"

Classical physics can predict relativistic effects, such as mass increase, length contraction and time dilation without recourse to particular hypotheses like the existence of aether. The components of ?elementary' particles are bound by gauge bosons, i.e., quanta of inner forces. The average energy of these quanta and particle velocity are correlated according to the Classic Doppler Effect. The relativistic Doppler Effect is not taken into account because Einstein's principle of relativity is untenable. Based on the law of energy equipartition, all oscillators within an ?elementary' particle, i.e., all quanta and matter-like components, have the same average energy. As a result, the relativistic energy and mass are proportional to the Lorentz factor. In turn, this mass increase leads to length contraction and time dilation. The velocity of light in vacuum obeys the classic rule of velocity addition, but length contraction can hide this fact and therefore explains Michelson and Morlay's null results. More recent measurements, which are not skewed by length contraction, prove light obeys the classic theorem of velocity addition.

This paper is aka "Internal Energy and the Quantum Model of Relativistic Phenomena".