The modern young generation has an opportunity to check novelty of knowledge, which it acquires at the university free of charge or paying money, and, thus, to forecast a prospect of its employments and living welfare. The time, when a diploma confirming higher education was enough in order to get a job, ended. Now it is not a convincing argument for an employer; in order to be on the safe side, he hires a young graduate as a probationer at first as he wants to see what the graduate knows and what he is able to do. A new system of higher education has almost nullified a possibility for the student to have the skills of practical work according to his specialty and has preserved a requirement to have moronic knowledge, i.e. the knowledge, which does not reflect reality. In this connection, it is useful for the students to know the practical experience of an escape from moronity, and I?d like to share it.
The Internet announces that a team from IBM Research Almaden has managed to photograph an atom, and now they can really pack them right next to each other. Let us check correctness of the interpretation http://www-03.ibm.com/press/us/en/pressrelease/38856.wss of the electronic photos of the atoms employing the Russian theory of the microworld. http://www.micro-world.su/index.php/2010-12-22-11-45-21/663-2012-08-19-17-07-36.
Current probability theories limit the theoretical size of elementary particles. The current resolution of an electron microscope is around 10-9 m. The classical equations in this paper allow for deterministic resolution with a theoretical resolution of around 10-15 m, a millionfold more accurate.
Water is the main source of future environmental-friendly power; that's why the search for ways to tap this resource increases continually. But there exist forces which seriously prevent advancement.
Energy impulses keep preserving their secrets. The errors in Newton?s dynamics and electrodynamics are the main causes of incomprehension of these secrets. A recovery of these errors will open new energy possibilities before mankind; these possibilities will rescue mankind from an environmental disaster, which is generated by hydrocarbon energy sources. It is not a naked forecast. Its authenticity is proved both theoretically and experimentally. The test results of the first model of a motor-generator are a simple and convincing proof of erroneousness of the first Newton law and existing electrodynamics. A video on motor-generator is at .
For 322 years, Newton's dynamics have operated despite clear violation of the laws of cause and effect originating from his first law. A transition of dynamics into the framework of the cause and effect relationships has proved to be possible only when the new scientific notions have been introduced and its laws have been systematized.
Energy impulses keep preserving their secrets. The errors in Newton's dynamics and electrodynamics are the main causes of incomprehension of these secrets. A recovery of these errors will open new energy possibilities before mankind; these possibilities will rescue mankind from an environmental disaster, which is generated by hydrocarbon energy sources. It is not a naked forecast. Its authenticity is proved both theoretically and experimentally.
The scientific community has the right to know catastrophic position of modern theoretical physics, and the reasons that have led it to such a condition. 'Actual' means very important for given time. The actual problems should be formulated, published, and discussed by the scientific community. It is quite natural to do that indeed, a duty of the academic elite. However, the scientific community, not only in Russia, but also world wide, does not own such information. Therefore there is a bases to designate these problems, and to publish them. The most extensive international discussion is conducted now on reliability of physical theories of XX century. And it is natural, as the theory - the basic tool of interpretation of experiments. The erroneous theory results in erroneous interpretation of experiments, and forms erroneous representations about the physical phenomena and the processes managing formation of their results [1-3]. It is considered, that scientific problems of formation of a material world are solved with the theory of 'The Big Bang', following from theories of a relativity of A. Einstein. An experimental basis of this theory is the spectrum of relic radiation [1-3]. However, a new analysis of the structure of this radiation convincingly and unequivocally proves the complete inaccuracy of its interpretation. The spectrum of relic radiation is formed with photons, radiated by electrons upon synthesis of atoms of hydrogen and helium stars of the Universe [1-3].
The law of preservation of the kinetic moment (the moment of a pulse), the manager of a constancy of a constant of Planck, - the base of the theory of a microcosm. The scientific community of the world has not paid attention to necessity of search of the reason of a constancy of a constant of Planck. This was promoted by its name ? quantum of the least action which did not contain sense of its dimension ? the kinetic moment, or moment of a pulse as it name physics. In result about 100 years there was closed a direction of researches of behavior of inhabitants of the microcosm, controlled by the law of preservation of the kinetic moment.
The concept of Dark Matter is entered recently and connected it to strangeness of behavior of the galaxies consisting of stars. Our Sun ? too a star and a dark matter - the main source of its energy.
Atomic hydrogen exists in a plasma condition at temperature 2700-5000 C. If the formation of molecules of hydrogen at electrolysis of water goes by branch of its atoms from molecules of water, in a phase of an atomic condition of hydrogen in electrolytic solution the specified temperature should be formed, but it is not present.
See a video demonstration here.
According to the first law of dynamics the sum of the forces working on in regular intervals moving body, is equal to zero. However, the body ignores this law and continues movement which is possible only under action of force. To this fundamental contradiction 322 years were executed. We eliminate it.
Bases of classical dynamics have been incorporated by Newton in him ?The Mathematical beginnings of natural philosophy?, published in 1687. The first law of dynamics says, that if on a body any external forces do not operate, it goes rectilinearly and in regular intervals with constant speed (fig. 1, poses. 0).
The Nobel committee has admitted a plenty of mistakes at expert estimations of new scientific results on physics and chemistry. It is already conclusive historic fact which it will be inevitable to be studied by historians of a science. Therefore attraction of scientific community of all world for an estimation of novelty and reliability of new scientific result ? the correct decision.
With arrival of the Internet the Nobel committee has made the correct decision: to involve in an expert estimation of results of scientific researches of potential candidates in Nobel prize winners scientific community of all world. Certainly, the organization of this process is charged with the scientist the USA who have received the greatest quantity of Nobel Prizes, many of which - for erroneous scientific results. They convincingly prove it, suggesting to support their nominee in the Nobel winners for deeply erroneous scientific results. Their reference, which copy has come and to us.
Classical theoretical mechanics on a way of modernization.
Classical dynamics studies movement and interaction of material bodies. Its bases have been incorporated by Newton in 1687 in him ?The Mathematical beginnings of natural philoso-phy?. The first law of dynamics describes rectilinear and uniform ( ) movement of a body.
The inaccuracy of the first law of dynamics is obvious and conclusive.
The first old law of dynamics says: the sum of the forces working on in regular intervals
moving body, is equal to zero. In view of it the equations of the forces working, for example, on
in regular intervals flying plane are made, and there is, that a sum of the forces working on it, is
equal to zero, but it flies. This fundamental contradiction most of all revolted pilots but experts
on theoretical mechanics had no answer to this question till July 2009 year when the new first
law of dynamics has been formulated and its reliability is proved. The new first law of classical
dynamics says: the sum of the forces working on the moving body, is never equal to zero.
The proof of the new first law of dynamics simple enough, but difficultly perceived to be
The Universe has several maxima of radiation. The largest maximum, which is called the ?relic mximum?, arises from the process of hydrogen atom fusion at the start of the Universe. The smallest maxima, being called the infrared radiation sources, are formed by the processes of hydrogen molecule fusion in the vicinity of the stars, and their liquefaction in the Universe.
The Universe has several maxima of radiation. The largest maximum, which is called the ?relic mximum', arises from the process of hydrogen atom fusion at the start of the Universe. The smallest maxima, being called the infrared radiation sources, are formed by the processes of hydrogen molecule fusion in the vicinity of the stars, and their liquefaction in the Universe.
This paper aka "The Spectrum of the Universe"
The beginning of XXI century ? progress of freedom of scientific thinking. Already students understand a full inconsistency STR. There is no force which could enslave their creative potential. Absurd academic doctrines STR, the captivated school and high school textbooks, are doomed. The new generation of scientists will reject them. The classical theory of a relativity has appeared for a long time. In the greatest contribu-tion to its creation have brought Galileo and Newton. It successfully solves the primary goals connected to activity of the person. However, in the beginning of XX century theoretical results which limited a scope of laws of the classical theory of a relativity to speeds considerably smaller speeds of light of 300000 km/s have been received. This fundamental consequence fol-lows from Lorentz's transformations which appeared in the base of the Special theory of a rela-tivity (STR), developed by A. Einstein. Experimental data which ostensibly confirm reliability STR were found also. However these data had no unequivocal interpretation of their reliability, therefore STR has been subjected to criticism from the moment of its birth. Now this criticism has reached apogee and proofs of an inaccuracy STR have appeared. In what their essence?
Results of researches are submitted as 525 questions to behavior of inhabitants of the microcosm, established experimentally. Brief answers to all of 525 questions are published in the Internet in Russian to the address: http://kanarev.innoplaza.net/ Article 104. Detailed answers to all of 525 questions are published in the manual: Ph. M. Kanarev, The Rate of Lectures on Phys-chemistry of a Microcosm, 2nd edition, Krasnodar (2007), 540 pages (in Russian). The additional information, on all resulted questions, is published in Ph. M. Kanarev's monograph, The Foundations of Phischemistry of Microcosm. 8th edition. Krasnodar (2007), 50 pages (in Russian).
This paper aka "Questions About the Micro-World"
It is known that physics and chemistry are the leaders among the fundamental sciences. The state of their unity was described most vividly by G. Wheeler, the American scientist, in this article "The Quantum and the Universe", which was published in the collection "Astrophysics, quanta and relativity theory" (M.: Mir, 1982). He recorded a conversation between the valedictorians, physicists and chemists, which demonstrates a dead state of disunity of the fundamental sciences, and obliges us to think about its reasons. Now, world science is in the state of a breakthrough in understanding the unity of the microworld; that is why there is every reason to predict a movement of scientific thought in this direction.
This paper develops a model for the electron that has the form of the rotating hollow torus. Its structure is stable due to availability of two rotations. The first rotation takes place about an axis that goes through the geometrical center of the torus perpendicular to the plane of rotation, and the second rotation is a vortical about a circular axis that goes through the torus cross-section center.
It has been disclosed that the equation suggested by A. Einstein for the interpretation of photoeffect is a mathematical model of the law of formation of the atom and ion spectra discovered in 1993.
A cause of additional energy appearance during covalent bond formation in the fusion processes of the molecules of oxygen and water has been disclosed, and the source of this energy has been established.
Abstract. It has been disclosed that new physical chemistry of the micro world facilitates the description of the ozone molecule fusion processes within the framework of the law of conservation of energy.
It is shown that the Doppler Effect calculation at photon emission is possible only with the help of classical mathematical models.
It has been disclosed that transmutation of the atomic nuclei of alkaline metals and the atomic nuclei of the cathode material takes place during plasma electrolysis of water. As a result, excessive quantity of gases is generated.
An electromagnetic model for the photon is found from the mathematical relations that describe its behavior within the framework of an axiom of space-matter-time unity and the available experimental results.
The notion ?Quantum Physics? has appeared due to the fact that Max Planck failed to find the connection of mathematical model of the law of radiation of the perfect blackbody with the laws of classical physics. Now this task is solved, and we are faced with the problem of systematization of fundamental scientific notions and axioms, on which modern physics is based.
The law of conservation of angular momentum, which controls Planck's constant, plays a fundamental role in the formation of the structure of the electrons, atoms, and molecules is demonstrated. This law changes the gravitational acceleration of rotating gyroscopes, as well as having more pervasive effects.
It has been shown that there is no orbital component of energy of movement of the electron in the atom in the mathematical model of the law of the formation of the spectra of the atoms and the ions. Due to this fact, the concept of the orbital movement of the electron in the atom becomes a myth. A new hypothesis describes a precession movement of the electrons of the atoms. Valence electrons precessing on the nuclei of the atoms joint them into molecules with the help of their unlike magnetic poles.
It is shown that the equation for the calculation of the Schwarzschild's radius of a black hole does not account the photon's wavelength. If we solve this task in the frame of the space-matter-time unity, we get a new equation for the calculation of black hole's radius that takes into account the wavelength of the electromagnetic radiation (photons). This new mathematical model allows us to calculate gravitational radius of a black hole. These results require us to reconsider the astronomical perspective that we have previously taken.
This paper discusses and exposes the nature of the photon and its electromagnetic fields, as well as the mass of the moving photon. Formulas are derived that elucidate these findings and help to characterize the photon and its center of mass.
Analysis of the results of experimental spectroscopy has shown that electron wave-length is equal to the radius of its ring model [1,2]. We here investigate the possibilities of the ring model for a free electron.
The problems of power engineering are well known. The power carriers, which are used nowadays, are not only exhaustible, but they cause a considerable damage to environment. Nearly 40 years ago it was announced that controlled thermonuclear fusion could be the future inexhaustible energy source. More than 25 milliard dollars have been spent for the investigation of this source, but there is no positive result. This state can be explained by a considerable lag of theoretical investigations from the possibilities of industry to implement any installation in order to check an intuitive idea being formulated. As a result, the main attention has been paid to an experiment, not to a theory.
As there was no acceptable theoretical description of the planned process of thermonuclear fusion control, a positive result could be obtained only by chance. Theoretical prognostication of this result was impossible due to the absence of any notion concerning the models: the electron, the proton, the atom of hydrogen and the ions of chemical elements, which form plasma. Orthodox physics did not even set itself such task.
In the meantime theoretical physics and theoretical chemistry were at a standstill. They were developed by those who managed to overcome a stereotype of the existing theoretical notions. As a result, the models of the photon, the electron, the atom of hydrogen, the atoms of the ions and the molecules of other chemical elements took place. The analysis of them of the behaviour demonstrated the impossibility to control plasma in a current carrying space, which is the main technological element of the well known installations "Takomak". If it was known earlier, the expenses for the above-mentioned investigations could be reduced at least by an order of magnitude.
Twelve years ago Fleischmann and Pons, the American electrochemists, obtained additional energy during electrolysis of heavy water. They announced at once that cold nuclear fusion is the source of this energy. Hundreds of experiments were carried out in various countries in order to check this fact. The positive result was registered, but its reproducibility proved to be low. The reason of appearance of additional energy remained unclear.
In 1995, we began our investigations of the water electrolysis process in order to obtain additional energy. It has been determined that there are such modes of plasma electrolysis of water when up to 100% of additional thermal energy takes place, but a thousandfold increase of energy, which was announced by the Americans, was not confirmed. The calculations have shown that an increase of thermal energy by 100% with the unstable reproducibility of such a result has no prospects for industrial implementation. At least 300% increase of thermal energy is necessary, but such result cannot be obtained still.
But if we take into consideration energy of hydrogen and oxygen, which are released from water together with additional thermal energy, it will be possible to get more than 300% of additional energy.
Modern industrial installations require 4 kWh for production of 1 cubic metre of hydrogen from water. When this hydrogen is burnt, 3.6 kWh of energy is released. If the energy expenses for production of hydrogen from water are reduced by twofold or threefold, it becomes a competitive energy carrier. If it is possible to reduce these expenses of hydrogen tenfold, it will become the cheapest energy carrier. In this case, coal, oil and natural gas fail to compete with it.
Our investigations have shown that there are some plasma electrolytic devices and modes of their operation, which reduce energy expenses for obtaining one cubic metre of hydrogen up to 0.40 kWh. In this case, more than 1000% of additional energy is obtained. A laboratory device with such indices was made one year ago.
Modern fuel elements use potential possibilities of hydrogen by 0.6%. There is every reason to believe that the fuel element will improve this index at least by an order of magnitude if it operates together with the plasma electrolytic reactor. There are great reserves in the discovered direction of the energy problem solution.
The transition from a laboratory installation to the industrial one requires additional investigations with the use of rather expensive spectrometers, gas analysers, electronic sets for simultaneous registration of more than 10 induces of the plasma electrolytic process. As hydrogen is an explosive gas, it is impossible to ignore the investigation stage for making the laboratory installation the industrial one. During the scale operation, dangerous radiations can take place, which accompany the transmutation process of the chemical element nuclei.
Five patents have been received for the investigation results; three positive decisions concerning the issue of the patents and three claims are in the process of consideration. Three editions of the book "Water as a New Source of Energy" are available with the detailed theoretical description of plasma electrolysis of water and the quantitative calculations of the experimental results.
The author of these elaborations was invited to deliver a lecture concerning this problem at the European Congress on "New Hydrogen Technologies and Space Drives", which takes place on June 23-24 in Zurich.
As the author has kept walking along the corridors of the Russian power without success for five years in order to get financing, the last hope remains - to find a foreign investor. The author is busy with this problem as it is clear that a delay in financing is equal to a loss of priority in this topical field of investigations, which solves two global problems of the mankind: the energy problem and the environmental problem.
The interpretation of some of theoretical foundations of physics will be changed. Planck's constant is known to be one of such foundations, which serves as a basis of quantum mechanics. Let us consider how a refinement of interpretation of the physical essence of this constant allows to make a theoretical penetration into the depth of electromagnetic structure of the electron and to connect this structure with the results of the experiment. Difficulties encountered in explaining the radiation of the theoretical black body were overcome in December 1900 when Max Planck supposed that energy, p E, in EM form is not emitted continuously, but discrete amounts Planck named quanta; that is: Ep = hn, where n - frequency of EM radiation; h - a universal constant later called Planck's constant.
Published in JNE, V5, N2 (2002)
The basic axiom of our physical universe: the axiom of the unity of space, matter and time, which we abbreviate as AUSMT.
All movement of objects in space must be related with the flow of time. This is an unconditional, intrinsic fact of Nature.
In order for equations describing physical reality to be valid, they must describe the locations and movements of material objects in space as functions of time. That is why they must conform to the AUSMT.
Space, matter and time are the first and the simplest elements of the universe. There are no facts which contradict the necessary connection between them so this axiom is the simplest and most fundamental law of Nature.
Analysis shows us that Einstein's postulates and his theories of relativity contradict the AUSMT. The geometrical postulates of Lobachevsky, Minkowski, and Riemann also contradict the AUSMT. In the frame of this axiom all physical field theories give us not exact but approximate scientific information about the behavior of elementary particles. On the contrary, all mathematical equations which describe the elementary particles as corpuscles give exact information about their behavior, as far as all of them work in the frame of the axiom AUSMT. These facts are shown very clearly in the second edition of the book," The Crisis of Theoretical Physics".
It is shown that in distorting the unity of space and time to non-Euclidian space will lead to physically untenable results.