Abstracts Details

The research presented here is a thought process that started in high school.

The source of gravity on Earth is described in a popular magazine,

http://www.naturalblaze.com/2016/01/did-this-scientist-just-discover-how-the-universe-works.html

Kelvin or Absolute temperature is redefined as electron volts eV. The laws of Thermodynamics will fall as a consequence of this empirical finding.

Kelvin temperature is shown here to be electron volts eV utilizing an electron as a test particle and the empirical data surrounding the Bohr magneton.

The solution of the Gamma Factor is provided. The reason for spectra in the H-atom is explained.

I have described a method to arrive at structure of an atom in this case Hydrogen. In the paradigm of today's understanding of an atom will be put aside an replaced with a toroid comprised of tori.

Mass change is transient. Matter is stable is comparison. Matter m of Hydrogen produces current I at drift velocity v where I = mv/e and I =0.68 amps in this experiment. The velocity v is radius of a proton divided by time. Time is the inverse of frequency.

For the first time in the world I have shown the relationship between time on the clock and frequency of an atom.

The unity of gravity with electric current is described by way of an experiment.

The exact meaning and source of electric and magnetic fields is experimentally depicted in this paper. The source of drift current is empirically shown by way of experiment.

Any mass can be manufactured by application of electromagnetic fields for a fleeting moment. Matter is a different type of mass which is not what I am talking about here. That is why the so named god particle was observed for a fleeting moment.

Pair production is due to photons in dynamic pulsate motion by a radial factor of 137.036

The empirical relationship between standard Physics equations is shown on one page.

The

Rydberg photon whose radius corresponds with twice Bohr's radius is postulated

to be the reason for the cosmic microwave background frequency. Two great works

on black body radiation by Planck and Wein enabled this progression of thought:

The process by which frequency is given and received by the Rydberg photon.

Hydrogen atoms in stars are comprised of Rydberg photons. The stars radiate

CMBR.

A significant discrepancy

exists between the frequency measured by Planck?s derivation constant and

Wien?s displacement constant for black body radiation at a particular

temperature. It is argued that this discrepancy lies in the way the equations

evolve from the works of Planck and Wien. However on deeper inspection I have

found that this discrepancy is due to a rotational factor of 2Pi ? 10^{-7 }?

137.036.

This paper

depicts the relationship between time on the clock and electric charge that is

discharged to the heart by a defibrillator device.

The cardiac defibrillator device is taken as an example with experimental data to determine the real meaning of inductance and capacitance,

The Boltzmann constant k is herein deconstructed.

Capacitance C inverse represents acceleration of an oscillator formed by pair production. Inductance L is the radial length of the photon sphere that undergoes radial pulsation by 137 cubed under eVe ionization energy stress. L is equal to the length of a string of a pendulum. Twice L indicates the mass of a photon that clusters to form the different elements of the periodic table. L is the radial length of 2 photons that are involved in the gamma factor of Einsteins equations described in another paper - The Gamma Factor Resolved.

Frequency f x 25812.6087 = acceleration = voltage = 1/capacitance

The story continues. So the pendulum equation describes photoelectric dynamics. However, I had a problem. The Bohr radius did not match the Rydberg photon radius. Now wait a minute. 2 Rydberg photons yield the Bohr radius. I am on the train to Berlin and thinking Einstein strasse Boltzmann strasse and the solution hit me which I emailed from Germany to Relativity. Yes Einstein like many in our group did not give numbers to variables. Endless equations. The pendulum equation makes physics darn easy now. It works for any set of pairs. Binding energy is explained in this case as the energy of the Rydberg photon corresponding to 13.6 eV.

Electric current is a measure of motion of atoms and 186-ether. An impact force of current squared causes copper atoms in a wire to drift at Maxwell’s drift velocity. There is another drift of 186-ether particles caused by the force of current squared. Current is not the flow of electrons. The measure of charge is that of atoms and 186-ether. Electrons are just one example of a measure of charge.

The physical movement of copper atoms in a wire is the measured drift current in a copper wire. This is in stark contrast to the conventional understanding of current as moving electrons. The drift velocity of copper atoms due to an impact force of current thru the wire is the same phenomenon as seen in electrolysis of fluid ions. Atomic mass change of a copper atom is quantified under external current stress. The meaning of field and flux is now clear with data from a real experiment.

The theory of RF ablation of cells is based on varying fundamental frequencies of atoms. This theory is based on a new atomic structure that defines elementary charge and measures the entity we call mass. A paradigm shift in the way we look at recognition on the sub atomic scale has now been opened. Cancer tumors and microbial cells have been ablated with radio waves in-vitro and in-vivo. The docking ability of a nanoparticle to a cell to be ablated has been achieved by use of immuno-stealth-liposomes. Leaky tumor cells easily incorporate liposomes. Permeation of endothelium and retention of liposomes has been achieved for different tumor types in mice by passive targeting. Antibody receptors of the microbial cells allow for target specific locking of immunoliposomes in-vivo. Thus for the first time moving microbial pathogens in peripheral blood of guinea pigs have been ablated with RF fired from outside the body. An alternative to chemotherapy, gamma knife therapy, antibiotics, vaccines and gene therapy is now available for patients suffering from MDR, XDR and metastases. These conventional treatments are besieged with problems of antigenic drift and shift. Furthermore, side effects of chemotherapy are devastating for patients. Autoimmunity is the spanner in the works for any form of protein based therapy. Gene therapy is unable to shut down different loci of oligonucleotides in selective strands of DNA or RNA in and across tissues in the whole body. Moreover, pathogens hide in host cells and evade the immune surveillance system. These pitfalls are overcome by RF that kill the host cells harboring hideaway pathogens. This new way to treat disease is affordable and free from side effects when compared to other conventional treatments where cytotoxicity to bystander normal cells is invariably present. RF treatment restores normalcy within a week to ten days in animal models. RF treatment will prove to be the future for therapeutics.

The Bohr radius tells us of 2 Rydberg photons involved in pair production when 13.6eV stress is imposed upon an H-atom. The Gamma factor is solved. Mass decrease does happen. Binding energy is easily understood as the energy of one Rydberg photon. In this example electron-positron pairs are described and arrived at from experimental data. However, pair production can occur for any other set of photon pairs, an electron being just one tiny example. We must not restrict our association of charge with just an electron.

Electric current is the measure of motion of atoms and 186-ether. The drift velocity calculated by Maxwell's drift velocity equation is the motion of say copper atoms in a wire and the measure of charge, e. Charge, e is not that of an electron in this example but of copper atoms and 186-ether.

The Josephson constant is a relationship between frequency and acceleration of a pair of photons. The Von Klinstig resistance is in-fact the velocity of an ether oscillator at a speed of 25812.8076 m/s and the reason for Planck's constant. The relationship between acceleration *a* and frequency *f* is *a = 25812.8076 x f*, the basis for SQUID.

You see, stars must be the source of CMBR. This was the thought. And hydrogen comprises all stars. And Rydberg photons 69 million comprise each H-atom. And pair production leads to electron-positron pairs. And the gamma factor is got to do with photo-dynamics. Then the pendulum which is the swing of reality that yields the Rydberg number.

And the Rydberg photon is the reason for CMBR.

186-ether limits the velocity of an airplane. Biot-Savart Law is an ether law. Earth's magnetism plays a role in the velocity of the flying plane. Importantly, force is current squared or ampere squared.

Ether that fills our Universe is the reason for the CMBR frequency vibrating sky. However it is the Rydberg photons that make CMBR waves from stars. The mechanism of the wavemaker Rydberg photon is described in another 2011 paper on the WSD. Here is evidence that ether fills so called empty space.

CERN (LHC) and Fermi Labs smash particles in accelerators to reveal the process of creation through annihilation; the Higgs Boson, or mysterious God particle, was predicted to show up in one such experiment. I have more than 35 papers on ether, the ancient ether as measured in black body radiation by Wien and derived by Planck. A prediction of 144 GeV was made by me several years ago and is mentioned in my Preface to *The Ether Model & The Hand of God* (2008). 144 GeV corresponds to 186-ether. My prediction is described with numbers in this paper.

Acceleration is velocity squared by radial distance. The reason for the term velocity squared is explained with the experimental velocity value for Hydrogen molecules moving at 300 kelvin temperature.

The time for hydrogen to evolve at the cathode is inversely proportional to the frequency of a photon formed from the proton under external current force during electrolysis. The mass and radial length of the proton undergoes a temporary change during electrolysis. I have deconstructed the magnetic flux quantum.

The simple pendulum reveals the unity between acceleration due to gravity and current squared which is force.

The main outcome of this paper is to define the term electrical resistance as measured in Ohms. Moreover, the conventional understanding of heat in electron volts is shown to be not the same as energy eVe. The frequency of a photon determines the time for water to heat to a particular measure. The measure of mass by different procedures is unravelled.

Distinct electric and magnetic substances exist in nature. A drifting atom or photon produces electricity and 186-ether drift produces magnetism. Drift velocity v is calculated by Maxwell's drift velocity equation. However drift velocity v cannot be restricted to the rare instance of motion or passage of electrons. Drift is herein defined as velocity squared. For matter such as atomic mass or photon mass drift is light speed c times drift velocity v. For 186-ether the drift is v^{#} times drift velocity v. Atomic mass is a frequency measure of one invariant oscillator that moves at the speed of light squared. Change in frequency of this invariant 737-mass yield the atomic masses of the periodic table. 186-ether torus mass is also invariant. The electric atom rolls in the moving magnetic 186-ether torus. This is electromagnetism. The locomotion of the toroid consisting of atom-ether tori is EM-drift.

A new way of knowing our universe is described herein this paper. I consider the universe as fully described in terms of 4 dimensions namely mass, radial length, time period and void. Mass is fundamentally ether. Radial length simplifies the problem of frames of reference. Time period the inverse of frequency brings in a sense of absolute time. The void is space or volume without mass. The space or volume is portrayed by means of a volumetric radial length.

The prediction of GRT is correct with respect to slowing of time period when photon mass in detectors or emitters are in higher orbits above the earth. The modified gravitational lensing equation proves that earth's gravitational field alters frequency of the photon in the emitter on earth and detector in space. Photons have mass. The photon mass pulsates at a frequency. The frequency change to a lower frequency at higher orbits is called time dilation. This is red shift. 186-ether transmits light of this source photon across space. Photons do not travel. At higher orbits the ether wave is red shifted. At lower orbits the ether wave is blue shifted. The true meaning of gravitational lensing is empirically proved with and only with *photon mass* in instruments and 186-ether waves.

By convention electron volt *eV* and elementary charge squared volt *eVe* both depict energy. Electron volt *eV* of mathematical physics is not energy. The second elementary charge *e* in *eVe* cancels out on both sides of the Ohms Law equation in mathematical physics. This is a classic example of mathematical physics derailing understanding and yet providing scientists with correct outcomes. Why so is explained in terms of empirical physics. A second formula is reconstructed by input of photon mass into the GRT equation for time dilation. Mathematical physics ignores the need for photon mass and misconstrues photons as mass less entities.

A very affordable treatment and possible cure for cancer and infections is on the horizon. Radio frequencies have been proven herein to ablate cancer and microbial cells in-vitro and in animal models. Radio frequencies are free. An inexpensive bio-compatible nano particle has been specifically constructed to ablate cells. The practice and theory of ablation of cells goes beyond hyperthermia. The radio frequencies impinge upon a metal ion, which heats up. However, thermometry studies conducted indicate that heat generated by radio frequencies does not necessarily correlate with inactivation or killing of cells. It is rebound frequency off the nano particle that's responsible for ablation of cells. Incoming radio frequencies are fine tuned by a new theory proposed by me over twenty eight physics papers. Radio frequencies are nearly harmless to humans and animals. Biocompatible nano particles survive the journey in mice, for a few hours and are not seen a day after in blood viewed under a light microscope that is collected by tail bleed. Tumors in mice subjected to radio frequencies were studied by histological sections. Reduction in tumor size was observed by imaging and physical measurements of surface solid tumors. The ablation of microbial cells is crucial in patients suffering from cancer. A few surprises appeared during ablation of Candida albicans and Trychophyton rubrum. It is observed that polyethylene glycol 200 enhances the growth of Candida and Trychophyton. Implications and precautions of these surprise observations are discussed. Mycobacteria, Candida, Salmonella, Staphylococci, Trychophyton have been ablated in-vitro by RF at 37 degrees celsius body temperature. This technology provides a leading edge over other conventional treatments for cancer and infections. The cost is less than a dollar.

A pulsating ether sphere rolling in a spinning pulsating ether torus *Ђ*

A photon is a torus. Comprised of aitherons, ** ǽ** the photon is measured in electron volts. When

*eVe*energy is supplied a single photon yields an electron-positron pair. Tubular chains of photons coil to form an element measured as atomic mass. Helices of the same element form a 186-photon which is the associated elementary charge

**or oxidation state of that element. A chain of 186-photons in the form of a slinky comprise an ether torus**

*e***Ђ**. The structure of matter is portrayed in terms of mass, radial length and frequency or time period. The components of an atom are depicted below and each bracket sources the empirical measurement.

*737aitheron (h) ↔ Photon torus (eVe) ↔ Element torus (amu) ↔ 186 photon torus (q _{e}) ↔ Ether torus (K)*

A pulsating ether sphere is the oscillator the source of mass, temperature and electromagnetism.

Radiation is transmission of light as an ether wave. Wien's displacement constant, b is the energy of a 186-ether wave. The transmission of light is not locomotion of photons. A 186-ether black body is the source wave-maker rippled by pair production that in turn ripples myriads of 186-ether particles across the universe where wavelength is changed by a factor of 4.965051098. Absolute temperature is proven to be one third of a measured force. Units of Kelvin and Newton are synonymous. Unity of light and gravity is elucidated. A solution for velocity squared is provided. Coulomb's constant is deconstructed. The Planck-Wien ratio points to a 186x186 ether interaction in radiation. Birth of elements as photon clusters by an impact force is shown via experiment. The pointer of CMBR is dealt with.

The source of earth's gravity has been identified herein to be 186-ether. The mass of earth is shown to be the mass of oscillators. Entrained ether is the trampoline of space.

Faraday's equation in electrochemistry is deciphered. A quantum of photons clusters about a 186-seed ether mass. This cluster of photons is atomic mass-the in-situ structure of an atom. The seed 186-ether is what scientists and electricians measure as electric charge. Electrolysis of water is experimental proof for existence of ether. Furthermore, the cluster of 69 million Rydberg photons is a measure of atomic mass of a proton. Similarly, the mass of 1.095 x 10^{9} Rydberg photons is a measure of atomic mass of an oxide ion. Oxidation number is defined as the number of 186-ether seeds cocooned by photons. A novel way of rewriting the periodic table is suggested.

A light particle, photon is described in terms of its mass, charge, radius, time-period , cross section area and contained ether. A complete understanding of the field in terms of 186-ether is provided. Resolution of the electric and magnetic fields is achieved in terms of length and time. The particle and wave nature of light is resolved. Photon particles ripple ether waves. One source photon pulsates and ripples the field quantized 186-ether. The acceleration of the source photon and field ether is exactly the same. This is radiation as opposed to convection. The Josephson constant enabled the elucidation of cross section area of a photon. The meaning of electric and magnetic flux is seen through the eyes of Phi. The Ether Force constant is validated. Many aspects of the nature of light are validated using experimental data. Superconductivity solutions are implicated in this research with real numbers.

Water arises from the clustering of millions of light particles called Rydberg photons. Light particles or photons arise from a 186 two mass body. One 186-ether turns into photons and the other 186-ether acts as a seed nucleus. A quantum of photons clustered together is tangible matter. Pair production is a reversible process in the changing texture of matter. The seed 186-ether is electric elementary charge that can pulsate to the limits of an electron radius. 186-ether comprises the fabric of the etheric sea. Water is light with a particular texture. Water emanates from light.

- A power point presentation on the unity between voltage and gravity as acceleration.
- Electric and magnetic fields arise from the same source current.
- Heat is defined as the energy of 186-Ether.

Acceleration due to gravity is voltage. Gravity is acceleration. Voltage is acceleration. Gravity and voltage are synonymous terms. The 1.859222909 x 10^{-9} kg mass herein referred to as 186 represents intrinsic charge, e. The 186 ether mass is the source of gravity or voltage and electromagnetism. The meaning of the Von Klitzing constant is explained and has implications for developing superconductors.

Creation of matter (evolution) and annihilation (involution) into ether is the central theme of this research. The Schwarzchild radius is the diameter of etheric matter when atomic mass units (visible matter) or electrons collapse to ether mass. For example, the electron radius of 10^{-15} m, as a photon mass, occupies 10^{-58} m as ether. Thus there is a massive increase in electron density even while the electron mass is conserved. Furthermore a quantum of 2.040997717x10^{21}electrons then forms a 186-ether mass which is the fabric of space. The 186-ether acceleration is huge and creates a super gravitational force. A black hole is matter as photon clusters about 186-seed ether changing texture to that of ether. The diameter of the conserved photon mass is equal to the Schwarzchild radius.

In this 2 page document 186-ether is shown to manifest Wien's Law. This is conclusive experimental evidence for the existence of ether.

This one page document signals the end of the search for unity between gravity and electricity.

Elementary charge, q is 186-ether bounded by a photon surface. The photon surface has a mass which conserves its intrinsic elementary charge, q by obeying the charge squared formula. The electric field, E is calculated and related to the photon surface charge density. The charge density is then related to the surface area of the photon, proton and 186-ether.

Resistance is constant for a photon cluster associated with one 186 seed. ** The grand unification** of voltage as acceleration due to gravity is evinced. The meaning of

**as the number of 186-ether seeds is proved. The**

*oxidation state***for current to photon mass ratio. This will help rewrite the periodic table of elements.**

*resistance is constant*The current associated with the bonding photon clusters dictates the bond strength. The bonded atoms are separated by a distance equal to the Boltzmann Constant.

An electron is a type of photon. The shape of an electron is predicted to be a torus. Toroidal rings align to form a fiber. The fiber mass is the mass of a photon or electron or atomic mass units. The central core of the fiber tube is filled with ether. Ether is like air in a tyre. This mass of contained ether is obtained from the ether constant ratio. The ether inside the photon tube is comprised of 186-ether torus units. The rotation velocity of the 186-ether torus equals the von Klitzing constant. The pulsation of each 186-ether torus in sequence is suggested to tip the torus and cause rotation. The slowed velocity spin of each 186-torus times the number of ether particles contained in the tube is the speed of light, *c*. The ether at large is spun by the rotating torus. This creates an ether flux thru the centre of the torus. The math descriptors of an electron torus are presented in this paper. Electron tori have mass and contained 186-ether. The electron or photon *particle* is the source of ether *waves* measured as light, heat, electricity and magnetism. The 186-ether acceleration is gravity or voltage. The von Klitzing constant, points to a pushing acceleration. Current squared is the force exerted by one 186- ether mass on an electron or photon mass that scaffolds it.

Toroidal photon rings align to form fibers measured as atomic mass units. The central core of the fiber tube is filled with ether. Ether is like air in a tyre. This mass of contained ether is obtained from the ether constant ratio. The ether inside the fiber tube is comprised of 186-ether torus units. An electron is a type of photon. Electron tori have mass and contained 186-ether. The 186-ether acceleration is gravity or voltage. Current squared is the force exerted by one 186-ether mass on an electron or photon mass that scaffolds it. The photon mass cocoons 186-ether. The photon mass is what scientists measure as atomic mass units, AMU. AMU is defined here as inertial mass. The 186-ether is defined here as the gravitational mass.

Acceleration due to gravity is voltage. Gravity is acceleration. Voltage is acceleration. Gravity and voltage are synonymous terms. The 1.86x10^{-9} kg-mass herein referred to as 186 represents intrinsic charge, e. The 186 ether mass is the source of gravity or voltage and electromagnetism. Electron volt is a term used very casually as energy. Feynman uses the term electron volt as energy with apologies. The world carries on without apologies. Electron volt energy is mixed up with SI units within equations by rote; dimensional analysis is skipped; assumption controls are not checked. This paper deconstructs Feynman's blunder in endorsing incorrect units for energy while acknowledging confusion.

For those who want some proof that physicists are human, the proof is in the idiocy of all the different units which they use for measuring energy. The Character of Physical Law (1967) by R. P. Feynman.

Quantum of Ether - 186 is the source of electromagnetism and gravity, and all types of forces. Scientists Planck, Newton, Coulomb, Ohm, Feynman, Kelvin, Hall, Josephson and Einstein were all boating in the same waters of the de-Broglie etheric sea. However, it is Boltzmann who knits all the theories as one. Planck length and mass occur at 186-ether. Convergence of Quantum Gravity with Ether occurs at the Planck length.

A Tribute to Bob Heaston.

Matter emanates from ether. Water is a changed texture of light.

Radiation is an ether wave. A black body is the source wave-maker that ripples myriads of 186-ether particles. Wien's displacement law in conjunction with the ether model helped elucidate the 186 ether source of black body radiation. Absolute temperature is proven again to be force. Units of Kelvin and Newton are synonymous. Wien's displacement constant, *b* is the energy of one wave radiating via field ether.

The solution of how matter emanates from Ether will be presented. The question as to why Avogadro's number is so, is key to this presentation. A single photon can give birth to any element. Which means that composite and non composite matter is arrived at. Elements measured as atomic mass units are born out of 186 ether seeds. 186 ether seeds are found scaffolded by a photon torus. One set of ether seeds forms the atomic mass unit and the remainder forms anti-matter. The speed of light squared or velocity squared is a product of two velocities other than c x c or v x v. Velocity squared or c squared appears in the Gravitation constant G, and is responsible for acceleration. There are eighteen descriptors of the Gravitation constant G. 10 of the 18 are constants and 8 are variable. Electronic configuration of atoms is completely misleading and based on assumption that ionization energy eV is energy which knocks out electrons in the atom. Infact pair production creates electrons from photons that are pregnant with 186-seed ether. Undeniable experimental proofs will be presented for the existence of ether. Temperature is force and its source discovered. A few descriptors of the fractal universe will be mentioned as the work is and will be incomplete.

The video presentation will be touching upon - the source of light speed, 27 properties of ether defined by 22 formulae, elementary charge as 186-ether, how winning WW 2 at sea is related to real time monitoring of the heart and how fundamental frequencies of radio waves can detect tumors and ablate cancer and microbial cells.

Today August 10, 8 pm IST, 2009 I have completed the work of the great Dannish physicist Bohr. Bohr's model has helped me finish the meaning of temperature, heat and the reason for emitted light. A 12th grader will understand physics again. In two slides the reality of the discarded and so called limited Bohr model will be presented. A pointer to the relic radiation is obvious.

Unification of light and gravity will be demonstrated unequivocally via Bohr, Wien and Newton.

The true corpuscular or photon nature of an Hydrogen atom and a proton, is conclusively evinced in this paper. The ionization energy in an Hydrogen atom is observed due to pair production. In reality fusion of a Rydberg Photon with the 13.6 eV introduced photon mass produces an electron positron pair. A Rydberg photon mass is of 2.425434789 x 10^{-35} kg and its radius is precisely twice Bohr's radius. Furthermore, a mass similar to that of a proton fuses with the 9.382723128 x 10^{8} eV introduced photon mass to produce an electron-positron pair. It is proven that this mass of 1.672622216 x 10^{-27} kg is comprised of 6.8961747 x 10^{7} Rydberg photons. Pair production substantiates the absence of an electron in the ground state of a Hydrogen atom.