*by Irwin Wunderman*

Pages: 400

Publisher: 1st Books Library

Year: 2003

ISBN: 1410757919

ISBN: 978-1410757913

**Description**

Work on this theory began incidental to a thesis investigation when the author was a graduate student at Stanford University 40 years ago. It was observed that waves derived from harmonic exponential functions had numerous basic flaws. Over the intervening decades, sporadic efforts continued in attempt to derive a basis for harmonic generation that would avoid the perceived shortcomings. The fmdings culminate in this book. They are profound in that they suggest our traditional interpretation of the natural number system is incomplete. A separate category of enumerating smallest non-divisible entities exists. It distinguishes how quanta or monads must classify as a population. Because fractional values then become disallowed, inter-integer transitions constitute a different class of functional space that is orthogonal to conventional integer values. Scalar natural numbers become vectors. An elegant periodicity in their ordinal sequence brings about a plethora of harmonic wave modes. Derived cyclic phenomena are extremely basic allegedly representing the waves of quantum theory, matter waves, electromagnetic waves, indeed, all waves of physical reality. Mathematically discrete rather than continuous solutions infer various speculations about the physics that could produce such results. The harmonics embed inextricably within the sequence of ordinal integers suggesting resultant periodicities depict many phenomena of Nature like nuclear/electronic structure and DNA type biological entities.

*by Irwin Wunderman*

Pages: 292

Publisher: Wyndham Hall Press

Year: 2000

ISBN: 1556053126

ISBN: 978-1556053122

**Description**

This thesis involves more than photons. It attempts to unite classical, quantum, and relativistic physics, and derives a numerical origin for particle waves. The evolved waves are so basic they may provide a basis for all harmonic phenomena. The work also addresses the question, "What is a photon?", which provides a short title. The totality of issues touched upon would be difficult to put in a title. The presented answer to the photon question entails solutions to conventional harmonic equations under a variant mathematics with uncertainty. A photon unfolds as a wave that exists unto itself and can interfere with itself. As a single quantum it can never partition into two or more separate entities. Though of great extent, it can collapse virtually instantly because each such instant possesses all the information contained within the wave. With semantic license it might even be called a particle. The treatment distinguishes by unconventional interpretation of Euclidean space, coordinate axes, the harmonic exponential function, irrationality and singularities. Derived relationships postulate a classical basis for quantum mechanics and relativistic mechanics when space is permitted to possess an indeterminate angle AS within any complete cycle of 2(Pi) radians. Analysis suggests the origin of Planck's constant associates with that minute angular indeterminism in space-time encountered by cyclic phenomena. Associating a physical constant previously treated as a smallest unit of energy, length, or time, as a smallest angle, will indeed stir controversy.

Based on a "natural mode" within the ordinal number system, quantized solutions with indeterminism result for conventional integral-differential equations. This extends the domain of such solutions beyond exponential functions. These new solutions have properties well suited to describe photons and other quanta. Plausible explanations emerge for nonlocalization, wave-particle duality, vacuum fluctuations, the uncertainty principle, conservation laws, the Lorentz transformation, and diverse phenomena. The investigation presents a new approach to solving equations under conditions where space has indeterminate warpage and several specific conjectures entail credible guesses. The inquiry elaborates on conventionally accepted premises herein suggested as problematic. Some examples include: Why the limit of a compounding process should not proceed to infinity. Why cycles should not be treated as dimensionless; maintaining dimensional consistency for them is very important. Why ambiguity associates with dimensional units applicable to Planck's constant. Why Cartesian coordinates can introduce fundamental errors. Why a photon's energy should be proportional to frequency and not amplitude squared. Why analysis indicates that time is the fundamental quantized variable, rather than energy.

This work derives a classical basis for particles and waves and a foundation for: The Lorentz Transformation, Quantum Electrodynamics, time's arrow, wave/particle duality, de Broglie waves, non-localization, the energy-momentum conservation laws, curved space, interference anomalies, the uncertainty principle, the characterization of physical laws through mathematics, and a unified-wave description of field disturbances. The approach will undoubtedly be foreign, so the reader should be highly skeptical of such claims. It is therefore suggested that the entirety of this treatise be initially "read as a novel" without attempt to mathematically justify each successive step. The entire picture can then be gleaned with minimal effort and the material may be re-read exercising any desired degree of scrutiny. World class physicists may reject these ideas more emphatically at first than undergraduate physics students. They do not follow mainstream interpretations. Accepting the initial axiom of non-uniform space between ordinal integers may prove most difficult for those who view it as the greatest paradigm shift. The concepts are actually mathematically simple, though abstract because they are unfamiliar.

*by Irwin Wunderman*

Pages: 66

Publisher: Science Communications Institute

Year: 1977

ISBN: B0006WL2FY

**Description**

*by Irwin Wunderman*

Pages: 67

Publisher: Stanford University, Stanford Electronics Laboratories, Solid-State Electronics Laboratory

Year: 1964

ISBN: B0007EDLE6

**Description**