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A new determinist non-mathematical model for atomic structure is proposed which differs from the current quantum model, in assuming a definite structure at the nuclear level and assigning a compulsive link between nuclear and atomic structures. The model is consistent with the complex covalent chemistry of carbon. The inverted bond is explained. A new type of double bond with tetrahedral geometry is possible on the model. A new triple bond called the benzyne triple bond showing cis-trans isomerism is also possible on the model. The implications of the model are discussed.

Currently three papers are uploaded, see on right for abstracts on each...

**I. Carbon**, A new model for atomic structure is proposed in which there is an integral relation between the nuclear geometry and covalent molecular geometry. The model explains the known geometry of a number of covalent molecules. A new type of double bond with tetrahedral carbon atoms and a new triple bond with the double bond geometry are allowed on the new model. The implications of the model are discussed.

**II. Silicon**, A model for silicon based on the assumptions of the earlier paper is described for silicon. It is based on icosahedron. It accounts for the tetrahedral geometry of the atom. The model explains the formation of silicocene and the geometry of the molecule. Isotopic isomerism is postulated.

**III. Boron**, Our work on Boron is complete but the documentation and preparation of the paper are not. Hence the following comments are offered to show the scope of the model. The presentation should be considered tentative and is not ready for publication.

There are three papers in the series. They deal with a new proposal for atomic structure. The papers describe the application of the new model to the atomic structures of Carbon, Silicon and Boron. They have the distinction of explaining the covalent geometry of these elements on a non-Quantum mechanical basis. The paper on Carbon was submitted to the British Journal Polyhedron in July 1990. The Editor's letter of 20th August 1990 said:

?The paper is not suitable for publication in Polyhedron because it does not deal with new work and discoveries in Inorganic Chemistry. The paper rationalizes a number of known structures of molecules containing carbon and it would be more suitable for a general publication or one of an educational character.?

The method was extended to Silicon, Boron and Nitrogen. In the last case we got tantalizing experimental result with commercial potential.

In June 2003 a combined paper on Carbon and Silicon was submitted to the Journal of the American Chemical Society. I am giving below the comment from the Editor.

W. T. Borden, Associate Editor, JACS wrote:

?Dear Dr. Balasubramanian: I have carefully read your manuscript; and, although I think that it certainly should be published, I do not believe that JACS is the proper place to publish it. In one sense, JACS is a very conservative journal of general chemistry; and manuscripts that question the fundamental assumptions of current chemical theory are referred to more physical journals. Therefore, I am not sending your manuscript out for review.?

Physicists in general professed ignorance of chemistry and refused to comment on the papers.