Prof. Yi-Fang Chang (About)

World Science Database Profile
Professor of Physics

**Interests:**Theoretical Physics, Particle Physics, Intersecting Science

Yi-Fang Chang studied, worked and then is a teacher in Yunnan University since 1972.

**Published articles:**

**Theoretical Physics****Decrease of entropy in isolated systems**- Internal mechanism of isolated systems and new research on limitations of second law of thermodynamics, in
**Entropy, Information and Intersecting Science**, Yu C.Z., et al. Ed. Yunnan Univ. Press. 1994. p53-60. - Possible decrease of entropy due to internal interactions in isolated systems. Apeiron. 1997, 4,4,97-99.
- Self-organization and possible decrease of entropy in isolated systems. 《The Progress of Research for Mathematics. Mechanics. Physics and High New Technology. 2009(9)》.Southwest Jiaotong University Press. 2002. 310-313.
- Entropy, fluctuation magnified and internal interactions. Entropy. 2005, 7,3,190-198.
- Query on Negative Temperature, Internal Interactions and Decrease of Entropy. arXiv: 0704.1997.
- Decrease of Entropy and Chemical Reactions. arXiv:0807.0256.
- Decrease of Entropy, Quantum Statistics and Possible Violation of Pauli Exclusion Principle. arXiv:0810.0313.
- Necessary condition of decrease of entropy in isolated systems and chemical reactions. J. Xinyang Normal University. 2009,22,1,30-34.
- Quantitative Calculations of Decrease of Entropy in Thermodynamics of Microstructure and Sufficient-Necessary Condition of Decrease of Entropy in Isolated System. arXiv:0905.0053.
- Moderate Degree of Input Negative Entropy Flow and Decrease of Entropy in Astrophysics, Biology, Psychology and Social Systems. arXiv:0910.0649.
- Fallacy on negative temperature and symmetrical resume on change of entropy. J. Shangqiu Teachers College. 2009, 25,9,58-62.

- Internal mechanism of isolated systems and new research on limitations of second law of thermodynamics, in
**General physics**- Formal unification of statistical distributions and equations of various distributions. J. Yunnan University. 1986,8,1,76-82.

Research on unification of various arrows of time and their origin. 《Entropy, Information and Intersecting Science》. Yunnan Univ. Press. 1994.227-233. - Similarity, symmetry and its breaking. J.Yunnan Institute of Nationalities. 1997,6,2,60-63.
- From quantum mechanics and relativity to the basic principles of physics and development of the Noether's theorem. J.Yunnan University. 2007, 29,4,375-381.
- From analytical mechanics and classic physics to the basic principles of physics. J.Xinyang Normal University. 2008, 21,2,312-316.

- Formal unification of statistical distributions and equations of various distributions. J. Yunnan University. 1986,8,1,76-82.
**Material**- Nonlinear kinetic theory and pulse interactions in phase transition. Journal of Wuhan University of Technology ?Mater.Sci.Ed. 2003,18,2,15-18.
- Two technologies of preparation of nanomaterial and their characteristics. Functional Material. 2001,32,1890-1891.

**Relativity****Special relativity**- The Extensive Special Relativity and Comment on Local Lorentz Transformation in Varying Speed of Light Theory. arXiv:0706.1280.
- Imperfection of the Lorentz transformation. Galilean Electrodynamics. 2007,18,2, 38-39.
- Perfect Structure of the Special Relativity, New Superluminal Interaction and Neutrino-Photon Mass. arXiv:0708. 0435.
- Some new developments on space-time and relative-absolute space-time theory. J.Hunan City University. 2008, 17,2, 41-47.
- Fractal Relativity, Generalized Noether's Theorem and New Research of Space-Time. Galilean Electrodynamics. 2010,21,6, 112-116.

**General relativity**- Similarities, differences and unification between general relativity and electrodynamics. J.Yiyang Teachers College. 1992,19,5,1-6.
- The equivalence principle, extensive general relativity and rest of general relativity. J.Shangqiu Teachers College. 2007,23,12,58-63;70.
- Unification of Gravitational and Electromagnetic Fields in Riemannian geometry. arXiv:0901. 0201.
- Nonlinear nature of gravitational waves. Apeiron. 1996,3,2,30-32.
- On gravitational wave being nonlinear wave. J.Jishou University. 2009.30,1,153-158.
- GRT extended for electromagnetic fields: equivalence principle and geometrization. Galilean Electrodynamics. 2005,16,5,91-96.

**Relativity and quantum theory**- Contradiction between the uncertainty principle and the Constancy light speed. Galilean Electrodynamics. 2001, 12,4, 77-79.
- Four-dimensional generalized symmetrical formalism in classical physics and quantum mechanics and mechanical wave theory. J.Yiyang Teachers College. 2002,19,6,16-18
- Combination and incompatibility between quantum mechanics and relativity and their developments. J.Yunnan University. 2008,30,1,41-46.
- Relations between relativity and quantum mechanics, and theoretical developments. J.Shangqiu Teachers College. 2008,24,12,57-61.
- Unification of quantum theory and general relativity. J.Yunnan University. 2010,32,5,537-541.

**Particle physics****Violation of Pauli Exclusion Principle**- High energy behaviour of particles and unified statistics. Hadronic Journal. 1984,7,5,1118-1133.
- Some possible tests of the inapplicability of Pauli's exclusion principle. Hadronic Journal. 1984, 7,6,1469-1473.
- Test of the applicability of Pauli's exclusion principle in highly excited states of atoms caused by laser. J. Nature. 1988,11,8,635-636.
- The nonlinear quantum theory and possible violations of the Pauli exclusion principle. Proc. 4th Asia-Pacific Physics Confer. World Scientific. 1991.1483-1486.
- Various theories relevant to possible violation of the Pauli principle. Hadronic Mechanics and Nonpotential Interactions. Nova Science Publ.Inc.N.Y.1992.169-175.
- Possible tests of violations of the Pauli exclusion principle. J.Nature. 1992,15,4,315-316.
- Possible outlet of Pauli principle violation test. Proc. Int. Symposium on Advanced Topics of Quantum Physics. Science Press. 1993.336-338.
- High energy astrophysics, gamma ray sources and violation of the Pauli principle. J.Kunming University of Science & Technology. 1996,21,3,34-36.
- Test of Pauli's exclusion principle in particle physics, astrophysics and other fields. Hadronic Journal. 1999, 22,4, 257-268.
- Test of Pauli's exclusion principle in particle physics, astrophysics and other fields. J. New Energy. 1999,4,1,31-42.
- Possible Outlet of Test on Violation of Pauli Exclusion Principle. arXiv:0709.0550.
- Various possible violations of Pauli exclusion principle and corresponding unifications (I). ---- Their relations with quantum field theory, anyon and fractional statistics. J. Xinyang Teachers College. 2010, 23,3, 360-365.

**Theories on Particle**- Description of multiparticle production and cascade shower by extended chaos theory. J. Xinjiang University. 1986, 3,3,1-5.
- Subquark models and the ratio R. J. Southwest Teachers University. 1986,3,36-41.
- Many shell-state model and phase transition of structure on particle. J. Yunnan University. 1987, 9,2,127-132.
- Fractals model of particle, complex dimension and its meaning. Exploration of Nature. 1988, 7,2, 21-23.
- Mass, width formulae of the same J resonances. J. Yunnan University. 1989,11,2,125-128.
- Systematic research into decay mode and fraction. J. Xinjiang University. 1990,7,3,43-48.
- Various phase transitions and non-equilibrium statistical model in structures of particle. J. Yunnan University. 1992, 14,1,33-38.
- Structure relation among generations, the simplest composite model and mass formulas on heavy flavor hadrons. J. Yunnan University. 1994,16,2,100-105.
- A magnetic-moment formula determined by quantum numbers. J.Nature. 1995,17,5,304.
- Various types of fractals and their possible common basis in particle physics. J. Yunnan University. 1995, 17,4, 317-321.
- Development of the superposition principle and their tests for nonlinear quantum mechanics. J.Nature. 1997, 19,3, 183-184.
- Various symmetries among particles and unified equations at high energy. Proc. 7th MPMH. 1998.164-167.
- Interactions of particles, limit cycle and phase transition. Acta Mathematica Scientia. 1999, 19,4, 424-431.
- Mechanical wave theory, new operators and nonlinear equations in quantum theory. J. Yunnan University. 2000, 22,1, 37-40.
- Subquark model, leptoquarks and a simple structure model of quark-lepton. J. Xinyang Teachers College. 2000, 13,3, 278-282.
- Interaction-fields and some extensive models of nonequilibium statistics on particles. J. Yunnan University. 2001, 23,1,32-34.
- Some mass formulae of particle and mass quantization. J.Yiyang Teachers College. 2001, 18, 6, 21-24.
- Mass formulas and strength of interactions on particles. J.Xinyang Teachers College. 2002,15,3, 291-293.
- super-unification and higher-dimensional complex space in particle physics. J.Yunnan University. 2003,25,1,37-40.
- Contradiction on symmetries of quantum numbers in standard model of particle physics. J.Xinyang Normal University. 2003, 16,2,157-160.
- A unified scheme of four-interactions in particle physics and its Lagrangian. J.Xinyang Normal University.2004, 17,1,30-34.
- Some phenomena of collisions between particles and equations on scattering cross sections. J.Hunan City University. 2007, 16,1,36-39.
- model and oscillation-rotation model of particle and its mass. J.Jishou University. 2007, 28,3,49-54.
- Nonconservation of parity starts epoch of research of breaking symmetry. J.Hunan City University. 2007, 16, 3,39-43.
- Supersymmetry, loop quantum gravity and unifications in particle physics. J.Jishou University. 2008, 29,2,51-57.
- "Way? experiments, possible breaking of wave-particle duality and new duality. J.Yunnan University. 2009, 31,2, 153-158.
- Representation of Yi, unification between Nature and Men, and structure of particles. J.Anyang Institute of Technology. 2009,2,111-113;126.
- Various symmetries and applications in particle physics. J.Xinyang Normal University. 2010, 23,1,36-41.

**Extensive quantum theory**- Development of the Tituis-Bode law, the astronomical quantum theory and extensive quantum theory. J. Yunnan University. 1993,15,4,297-303.
- Development of the Titius-Bode law and the extensive quantum theory. Physics Essays. 2002, 15, 2,133-137.
- Development of the extensive quantum theory and its applications in biology, chemistry and physics. J.Jishou University. 2006.27,5,34-38;48.

**arXiv**- Mass Formulas Derived by Symmetry Breaking and Prediction of Masses on Heavy Flavor Hadrons. arXiv:0803. 0087.
- Some New Unifications in Supersymmetry and Higher Dimensional Complex Space. arXiv:0804. 0267.
- Extended Chaos Theory and Multiparticle Production. arXiv:0808.0221.
- Magnetic Moment Formulas of Baryons Determined by Quantum Numbers. arXiv:0812.0174.
- New Type of Soliton Equation Described Some Statistical Distributions and Nonlinear Equations Unified Quantum Statistics. arXiv:0902.0176.
- Nonlinear Quantum Theory, Development of the Superposition Principle and Possible Tests. arXiv: 0904.0486.
- Y-Q and I-U Symmetries, and New Unified Lifetime Formulas of Hadrons. arXiv:0907.2763.
- Ten Puzzles in Particle Theory and Quarks as Only Possible Magic Particles with Some Symmetries. arXiv:0908. 0566
- Unified Equations of Boson and Fermion at High Energy and Some Unifications in Particle Physics. arXiv:0909. 1355.
- Various Decays of Particles, Universal Decay Formulas and Their Possible Dynamic Basis and Applications. arXiv:1007.3268.
- Duality, Mechanical Wave Theory, New Quantum Operators and Nonlinear Equations in Quantum Theory. arXiv:1008.2802.

**Astronomy****Binary stars**- A nonlinear dynamical model of formation of binary stars from a nebula. Chinese Astronomy and Astrophysics. 2000, 24,3,269-274.
- Nonlinear dynamical mechanism of formation of binary stars and qualitative analysis theory. J.Yunnan University. 2002,24,2,104-107.
- Hydrodynamics and a nonlinear dynamical formation model on binary stars. Physica Scripta. 2007, 76,4,385-387.
- Universal 2+1-Dimensional Plane Equations in General Relativity and Evolutions of Disk Nebula. arXiv:0704.1983.
- Dynamics, Lorenz Model and Formation of Binary Stars. arXiv:0806.0188.

**Eight Great Planets**- Planet predicted by Liu Zihua and the mode of Eight Great Planets of the Solar system. J.Anyang University. 2004, 1,6-7.
- Evolutionary direction of spiral galaxies described by theory of density wave and the mode of Eight Great Planets of the Solar system. J.Hunan City University.2004,13,4,46-49.
- The mode of eight major planets of the Solar system. Matter Regularity. 2005, 5,12,1.

**General astronomy**- Black hole, gravitation and repulsion in space-time metrics. J. Xinjiang University. 1988, 5,4, 55-59.
- New model on solar neutrino. Proc. XXIV ICRC. 1995.1212-1215.
- Quasars hypothesis of energy redshift and its possible tests. J.Yiyang Teachers College. 2000, 17,6,60-63. Various fractals in astronomy and cosmology and their possible origins. J.Hunan City University. 2006. 15,3, 44-47.
- Grand unified theory, lepton stars and gamma-ray bursts, quasars. J.Yunnan University. 2005,27, 3,216-219,227.
- Gravitational Collapse and Radiation of Grand Unified Theory. arXiv:0710.0419.
- Negative Matter, Repulsion Force and Dark Matter. arXiv:0705.2908.
- Nonlinear Density Wave Theory and Evolutionary Direction of Spiral Galaxies. arXiv:0903.2339.

**Mathematics****Soliton and chaos**- A new soliton equation and its physical meaning. J. Yunnan University. 1984,6,3,85-88.
- Soliton and chaos in nonlinear theory. 《Puzzles and Prospects in Forward Positions on Science》. Hunan Science and Technique Press. 1988.123-129.
- Double solutions of some nonlinear equations: soliton and chaos and their meanings. J.Yunnan University. 2004, 26,4,338-341.
- Some Nonlinear Equations with Double Solutions: Soliton and Chaos. arXiv:0712.0203.
- Nonlinear mechanism of four solitons on origin of magnetic storms. J.Xinyang Teachers College. 2001, 14,3, 354-356.
- Chaos, soliton and their new researches in nonlinear mathematical physics. J.Shangqiu Teachers College. 2010,26,9,57-63.

**Fractal and complex dimension**- In mathematics and physics the development of fractal dimension and fractal space-time theory. Exploration of Nature. 1991,10,2,49-54.
- Complex dimension and space-time of fractal dimension, and their philosophic meaning. 《Philosophy of Fractal Theory》. 1993.313-321.

**Test**- Differential test for series of positive terms. J. Yunnan Normal University. 1999,19,3,5-7.
- New differential test for a series of positive terms and its completeness and nonstandard analysis. J.Jishou University. 2007.28,5,50-51.
- A New Differential Test for Series of Positive Terms. arXiv:0805.2224.

**General mathematics**- New extension of complex number field and their physical meaning. J.Jishou University. 2008, 29,5,31-34.
- Some developments and new researches in mathematical analysis. J.Jishou University. 2009, 30, 3,35-39.
- Some new researches of field theory in mathematics and the applications in physics. J.Jishou University. 2010, 31,1, 47-53;72.
- New Developed Pattern on Number System, New Number Field and Their Applications in Physics. arXiv:0906.3781.

**Earthquake**- Magnitude-period formula of earthquakes and its preliminary applications. J. Yunnan University. 1990, 12,4, 371-375.
- Research on nonlinear dynamical system of earthquake. Exploration of Nature. 1997,16,3, 269-274.
- Some applications on magnitude-period formula of earthquakes. J.Yunnan Normal University. 1998, 18,1,103-107.
- Nonlinear dynamics and forecasts on earthquake. Matter Regularity. 2007,7,1, 6-12.
- Nonlinear Dynamics, Magnitude-Period Formula and Forecasts on Earthquake. arXiv:0802.0225.
- Earthquake forecast and new theoretical research. J.Jishou University. 2010, 31, 2,48-54.

**Biology****Nonlinear whole biology**- Nonlinear whole biology and its basic laws. Chinese Science Abstracts & Letters. 2001,7,2, 227-228.
- Loop Quantum Theory Applied to Biology and Nonlinear Whole Biology. arXiv:0801.0326.
- Nonlinear whole biology and loop quantum theory applied to biology. Matter Regularity. 2008, 8,1,8-14.

**General biology**- Symmetrical groups are basis of traditional Chinese medical theory. Exploration of Nature. 1989, 8,1,66-67.
- Cerebrum synergetics, Lorenz model and cognition science. J.Shangqiu Teachers College. 2001, 17,6,25-27.
- Biological synergetics, Lorenz model and population dynamics. J.Biomathematics. 2003,18, 2, 218-223.
- Method of quantum gravity on protein folding. J.Shangqiu Teachers College.2005,21,5,22-25.

**Cold Fusion**- Interchange of thermonuclear and cold fusions. Fusion Facts. 1994,5,7,21-22.
- Nuclear reaction under ambient conditions. Fusion Facts. 1994,5,7,26-27.
- The physical-chemical and nuclear multistage reaction mechanism and the multistage ignition condition on cold fusion. Fusion Facts. 1994,5,11,11-12.
- Internal conversion mechanism and multistage chain reaction theory of cold fusion. 1995,Proc.ICCF-5(Monte-Carlo). Fusion Facts. 1995,6,11,15-16.
- Quantum field theory and triton-neutron ratio of cold fusion.1995, Proc. ICCF-5 (Monte-Carlo). Fusion Facts. 1995, 6,11,16.
- Nonlinear barrier penetration and cold fusion. Proc. ICCC-6. Oct.1996. Japan.
- Some experimental progress and theoretical researches on cold fusion. Proc. 8th MPMH. 2000.182-186.
- Multistage chain reaction mechanism and quantitative theory on cold fusion. Matter Regularity. 2006,6,2,29-32.

**Social Science****Economics**- Equation of social evolution and synergetic theory on Chinese economical reform. 《Theory and Application on System Science》. 1996.234-237.
- Knowledge-economy and synergetics between man and nature----A large system outlook on sustainable development. 《Selections on Knowledge-Economy in China》. Chinese Economy Press. 2000.275-278.
- Research of economic theory on epoch of knowledge-economy. 《Chinese Present Thought Mine》. Chinese Economy Press. 2001.339-340.
- Multiply Connected Topological Economics, Confidence Relation and Political Economy. arXiv:0711.0235.

**Sociology**- Theory of the dissipative structures and scientific sociology. Social Science of Shanghai. 1987, 4,79-80.
- Research of fundamental laws in complex systems of social science. 《Entropy Theory》. 1992. 380-386.
- Five conclusions of enterprise reform-opening and social development. 《Entropy Theory》. 1992. 407-409.
- Basic science principles and evolution direction on war. 《Entropy, Information and Intersecting Science》. Yunnan Univ. Press. 1994.260-266.
- Money complex??Why does person like money? Science. 1998,5,57-60.
- Synergetics on war and minimum entropy principle on victory in 《Sun-tzu's Art of War》. J.Yiyang Teachers College. 1999,20,3,1-6.
- Talent strategy on times of knowledge economy and mathematical model of structure on social development. J.Hunan City University. 2004,13,1,48-52.
- Synergetic Application, Equations on Rule of Law and Two-Party Mechanism. arXiv:0809.0335.
- Social Synergetics, Social Physics and Research of Fundamental Laws in Social Complex Systems. arXiv:0911.1155.

**Published books****New Research of Particle Physics and Relativity**, Yunnan Science and Technology Press. 1989. (see: Phys.Abst. V93,No1371,1990).

This book includes the following article on particle physics: Outline of particle theory and where is the cardinal trouble in quantum theory? The unified equations of boson and fermion at high energy. Development of the superposition principle and nonlinear quantum theory. The mass formulae, life formulae and their unification in SU(3) theory. The regular table of chief properties of particles. Mass formula S=AJ+B of Regge theory and corresponding width formula aJ+b. Unified decay formulae and their dynamical basis. Symmetry breaking and the dynamical model of particle. Phase transition of structure on particle and new model. Many shell-state model of particle and symmetry- statistics duality. A fractals sandon-sponge model of particle. The simplest gauge group of four-interactions unified. Extended chaos theory and multiparticle production. Nonlinear equation, quantum statistics and chaos. EMC effect seems to have shown subquarks. Triangle and tetrahedroid of quantum numbers. Logical structure and new research of basic principle of quantum mechanics.

It includes the following articles on relativity: The present formulations of the special theory of relativity are imperfect. Photon transformation, neutrino mass and complete structure of Lorentz group. New expression on the basic principles of the special theory of relativity and a variety of the space-time systems. A possible scheme on the unification of gravitational and electromagnetic fields. Relativity of time at low velocity and long distance and some basic problems in the gravitational field. Quantitative relations among energy and time, space.

It includes also the following:

Complex dimension and its meaning. A new test for series of positive terms. Periodicity of change in Earth-Sun and research of period of earthquake. Introduction to fuzzy physics??Developments from fuzzy mathematics to science of physics and astronomy, etc. Living being and idea field.**Social Synergetics**(Science Press, 2000).