Is solved the problem of hydrogen. The starting point is a planetary model of the atom and the concept that electrons move in classical elliptical orbits, and that all parameters of its motion (coordinates, momentum, energy, speed, etc.) appear as continuous functions of time. Discrete radiation spectrum of the atom is explained by the resonance condition between the speed with which electrons move in an orbit and the rate of precession. Special attention is paid to the question why Rydberg constant in angular speed is exactly twice less than Borov's speed. Considered again the question of so-called resonance formula. Reached the conclusion that the resonance formula explains at the same time, atomic and molecular spectra. It is note that the physic does not need energy quanta - photons. It is note also that the resonance formula can be a solid foothold in the fight against relativism.
We propose of discussion and experimental testing a new so-called resonance formula of the spectrum of hydrogen. It is more common than the formula of Balmer-Rydberg. It contains larger number of series and also many more spectral lines in each series. It should be noted that this new formula is derived in accordance with the laws of classical mechanics. Starting point is a planetary model of the atom and the concept that electrons moved in classical elliptical orbit, and all parameters of its motion (coordinates, momentum, energy, speed, etc.) appear continuous functions of time. The interrupted spectrum is explained by the condition of resonance between the speed with which the electron moves in orbit and the speed of precession.
Why have doubtful theories such as the special theory of relativity (SRT) withstood criticism for over 100 years? This paper concludes that SRT and the biggest fallacies in physics began to emerge the moment elementary particles were attributed electric charge e = const. It further discusses the issue of so-called electromagnetic mass. In order to defeat relativism, we need a new theory of electromagnetic phenomena based on a more
fundamental idea of electricity and magnetism, and the reason for interactions between elementary particles. Central to this theory is the concept of average charge e = const. This paper will show that in the case of the Kauffman experiment, mass remains constant, so that changing speed does not change mass, but rather the force which the electric and magnetic fields apply to elementary particles. This contradicts one of the most basic tenets of SRT.
In this paper we consider a new gaseous model of the vacuum (ether). By adopting a ?screening effect' and a gaseous vacuum model with the needed properties, it is possible to explain the origin of the strong nu-clear force. We consider a model of elementary particles and atomic nuclei possessing an ether atmosphere to explain the higher ether density inside the solid state. The ether atmosphere surrounding the proton, electron and atomic nuclei is considered also as a cause for the mass defect, and as an energy source for nuclear and thermonuclear energy. The relation between energy and mass defect has been established E = 0.9dmc2.
This Part 4 of a series of papers, entitled ?Why Physics Needs the Ether?, discusses the electrodynamics of moving bodies and Special Relativity Theory. It offers arguments supporting Stokes theory of complete dragging of the ether by Earth's orbital motion. It advocates a research program to carry out Michelson-Morley experiment on a space ship. It suggests that an ether drift may yet be discovered.
From the point of view of a new theory of electromagnetism, the energy of these interactions is transmitted by the so-called ?primary electromagnetic waves?. These are normal longitudinal waves propagating in gaseous ether in the same way as sound waves are propagating in air. It should be noted that the known electromagnetic waves (lights, radio waves, etc.) are connected to the motion of charged particles, and in fact are modulated primary waves. In this way the grounds to accept mechanical gaseous ether model is substantiated.
Future progress in science will be closely connected with vacuum physics, and ?ether? is synonym of vacuum. For many years in the past, most prominent scientists attempted to solve the secret of the ether but failed. It has been introduced in physics as a medium for propagation of electromagnetic waves. However, it can be argued that it plays a much more substantial role. A new two-stage gaseous model of the ether will be considered in a series of articles. It will be shown that applying a ?screening effect? with certain properties to the ether (vacuum), one will be able to explain the strong and weak interactions. That is why physics needs the ether. In Part 1 here the screening effect is described.
This work addresses the question: what is the nature of the electromagnetic waves? It offers an answer that is clear and understandable from the position of the wave theory. First sought is an explanation of the photoelectric effect, which is one of the main reasons to think that there exist corpuscles of electromagnetic waves.
What are electricity and magnetism? What do they have in common, and what is the difference between them? Satisfactory answers for these questions have not been found so far. That is why an effort is made here to develop more understandable answers to these questions, and mainly to the question of why there exists an impression that there is a magnetic force perpendicular to the direction of motion. It is noted that there is no real reason for the electricity and magnetism to be treated separately. It is also noted that a separate magnetic force perpendicular to the direction of motion does not exist.
Previously deduced theoretical formulae for the calculation of the force of interaction between individual particles, for instance, a pair of electrons, are here extended to multiple charges so as to provide formulae that are used to determine the force of interaction between two parallel live wires carrying constant current.
This paper draws an analogy between interactions among statistical ensembles of oscillators and among charged particles. It develops the hypothesis that the electrons and protons are peculiar oscillators, having certain internal dynamics, and like atoms and molecules present sources of electromagnetic waves. Such waves are possibly the reason for interactions between the particles. Corroboration for the hypothesis is supplied by deriving the Coulomb,s law.
On the basis of studies by Lebedew on interactions between fixed oscillators, cases of oscillators in continuous motion are discussed taking into account the Doppler effect. Formulas have been derived for the computation of interaction forces, and it has been established that in interactions of statistical ensembles of oscillators, identical oscillators repel each other, while different oscillators attract. An analogy between the interactions among moving oscillators and those among charged particles has been observed.