Abstracts Details

Since relativity theories are unsatisfactory and cannot provide quantum gravity an alternative approach is presented based on Newtonian concepts. Since the latter is only suitable for use at low values of v/c and in weak gravity it can only be regarded as an approximate theory in need of revision. Extension to an exact mechanics is provided to extend application to extreme conditions. Instead of time dilating as in relativity theory clocks lose time as speeds increase for electromechanical reasons. Instead of gravitational time dilation it is the speed of light that reduces as a massive object is approached and yields the identical equation but with a different interpretation. The effects Einstein puts down to 'curved spacetime' are caused by the non-uniformity of the density of the background medium that extends to the very edge of space. In this way the end equations are found to match all the achievements for which Einstein is famous. There is no need to question the validity of the experiments involved. Then since the assumptions are fully quantum compatible it is an easy matter to provide a satisfactory theory of quantum gravitation.

Cosmologists posit Dark Energy as a mysterious ?something' that permeates the universe to explain an unexpected finding by astronomers. They discovered in 1998 that the expansion of the universe is speeding up when all cosmologists thought it was slowing down. A unique approach provides a solution to the mystery that has baffled theorists, worldwide, ever since.

The solution starts from the established Big Bang theory that purports to explain the origin of the universe from the void of nothing. Unfortunately that theory makes a hopelessly wrong prediction for the rate of expansion of the universe that is many billions of times too high. The reason was lost expertise that had caused flawed logic to be used. The hope is that, by providing a sound solution, lost expertise will be returned to its original source. Amazingly the ?opposed energy dynamics' that provided a solution to this major so-called ?problem of the cosmological constant' also predicted the accelerating expansion. It had solved the Dark Energy Mystery as a spin-off extra! (And nobody else has provided a solution to even the main problem as yet!)

Expansion adds a new massive extra red shift of starlight resulting in greatly reduced estimates for velocities of recession. For the first time this also enables the size of the universe to be predicted. One of the proposals for new research is of Nobel Prize potential. It is a super-computer study expected to confirm the self-organizing power of energy-fed chaos in a mix of positive and negative energies.

The collision breeding of opposed energies, from the void, provided

all the big bang theory required. This happened long before that

creative explosion of matter erupted. In this way the major false

prediction invalidating the current big bang is resolved. As

presently formulated the latter predicts a rate of expansion 10120

times too great! A fundamental feature of this supplementary theory

is its prediction of the accelerating nature of expanding space.

Credibility was gained by publication of the theory before discovery

by astronomers in 1998: that the expansion of the universe is

speeding up.

Furthermore, worked out in detail, the theory provides a new

way of interpreting red shift data from remote supernovae. This

shows the true Hubble constant is less than half the currently

accepted value Furthermore the Hubble law appears from the big

breed theoretically and shows the expansion is accelerating. A

surprising result is the shape of the predicted curve of red shift

plotted against distance. This shows a rapid increase when nearing

the growing edge of the universe. This appears to explain the

observation of astronomers and their interpretation by ‘dark

energy’. This explanation now has to be rejected.

A sub-quantum level of reality, to be called the nuether, which results from applying the two conservation laws of energy and momentum, is described. A new creation/annihilation mechanism then appears having a self-organizing property and leading to a brain-like structure. This could evolve a primary consciousness within the nuether, which could then generate the quantum waves to produce what we call, "sub-atomic particles", together with the force of gravity. A solution to the enigma called the wave-particle duality appears naturally and is free from paradox. In this way the nuether seems able to generate the quantum world-the base on which all matter rests. Physics might be extended to include phenomena, like psychokinesis, now regarded as paranormal.

A solution to a major problem concerning the big bang theory of creation demanded the existence of a background medium. This meant that relativity theory could not be incorporated. An exact classical mechanics (ECM) was therefore derived in which light propagated through the medium and absolute speeds were introduced that were also measured from the local medium. Geometry was Euclidean with time universal. The equation *E = mc ^{2} = E_{0}/sqrt(1 ? (v/c)^{2})* appeared by considering the horizontal acceleration of a massive object from a state of absolute rest and typifies achievements of the theory. Though appearing like relativity, so that the same experimental checks were satisfied, the interpretation was quite different. It appeared without the excess baggage of a Lorentz contraction of matter and space and without time dilation. The speed v was absolute: not relative to an observer. Einstein's ?curved space-time' was replaced by a background medium whose mass density reduced with distance from objects. Exactly the same equations resulted for the doubling of deflection of starlight grazing the Sun and for the perihelion advance of Mercury. The Shapiro time delay was also matched. The effects Einstein called speed and gravity ?time dilation' now appeared as clocks losing or gaining time due to speed and gravity induced mass increase and the magnetic effects of linearly moving electric charges inside atoms. Again end equations identical to Einstein's appeared: the same checks were satisfied. Then since the initial assumptions were totally compatible with those of Feynman's QED and QCD theories, which cover the other three forces of nature, it was a simple matter to offer a quantum theory of gravity to provide unification.