Enter the content which will be displayed in sticky bar

Edward Henry Dowdye
Gravitational Deflection of EM Waves Deviates from General Relativity

Date: 2013-03-23 Time: 07:00 - 09:00 US/Pacific (5 years 11 months ago)
America/Los Angeles: 2013-03-23 07:00 (DST)
America/New York: 2013-03-23 10:00 (DST)
America/Sao Paulo: 2013-03-23 11:00
Europe/London: 2013-03-23 14:00
Asia/Colombo: 2013-03-23 19:30
Australia/Sydney: 2013-03-24 01:00 (DST)

Where: Online Video Conference
Recording Playback
This video conference used Fuzemeeting.
The meeting can be replayed by clicking this link:


The Gravitational Deflection of Electromagnetic waves shows a very strong Impact parameter dependency at the Plasma Limb of the Sun and the Stars; A clear deviation from the predictions of General Relativity. The bulk of the past century of observations show a very strong impact parameter dependency for the deflection of electromagnetic (EM) waves and is confirmed to be an indirect interaction between the gravitational field of the sun and the gravitationally deflected wave. The famous equation of General Relativity used for calculating the deflection of starlight and microwaves from extra-galactic radio pulsar by the suns gravitation was also derived by applying a conservation-of-energy principle on EM waves propagating along a minimum-energy or least-time path through the solar plasma limb. Surprisingly, this result was found to be frequency-independent. Modern astrophysical observations give convincing evidence that the EM-Gravitational-Interaction does not conform to the theoretical predictions of the light bending rules of General Relativity. A century-long history of measurements on the gravitational deflection of starlight and microwaves is seen to occur at the plasma limb of the sun. The impact parameter of the gravitational deflection of these EM waves is found to correspond exactly to that of the solar radius R, namely, that of the thin plasma limb of the sun. Significant findings show that the history of the observed gravitationally deflected EM waves has a very strong impact parameter dependency relative to the sun plasma limb. The least-time calculation is confirmed by long-base-interferometer measurements on microwaves from radio pulsars that were found to deflect at the plasma rim of the sun at precisely the angle of 1.75 arcsec.