View count: 8598
Publisher: George Allen and Unwin
This book originated in the belief that there is an urgent need at the present time for a greater association between philosophers and scientists and of both with religious people. The problem of bringing this association into being is approached from different angles by the two authors, who, while agreeing on the main thesis, differ on many details, and the discussion is largely concerned with an examination of the points of difference. It ranges over the significance of scientific concepts, such as ether, energy, space and time, the place of mathematics in science and of linguistics in philosophy, the nature of scientific thought in relation to the universe as a whole, problems of life, mind, ethics and theology. It also raises questions of importance concerning the present attitudes of organizations dealing with these matters towards their respective concerns.
In the course of the discussion, Dingle described how a scientific paper critical of special relativity was rejected by various journals. Part of the paper is reproduced as Appendix II of the book, and is a very clear description of his "Proof that Einstein?s Special Theory cannot correspond with fact."
View count: 7134
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
This book is aimed at a large audience: scientists, engineers, professors and students wise enough to keep a critical stance whenever confronted with the chilling dogmas of contemporary physics. Readers will find a tantalizing amount of material calculated to nurture their thoughts and arouse their suspicion, to some degree at least, on the so-called validity of today's most celebrated physical theories.
- Wave Meaning of the Special Relativity Theory
- Change of Reference Frame
- Relativistic and Classical Mechanics
- Experimental Tests of Special Relativity
- Partial Differential Equations of Second Order
- The Wave Packet Concept
- Electromagnetic Induction
- Amp?re and Lorentz Forces
- The Li?nard?Wiechert Potential
- Analysis of the Electromagnetic Field
- Photonics Versus Electromagnetism
- Radiation of Extended Sources
- The Green Formulation
- Wave Extinction in a Dielectric
- Plasma Equation
Readership: Students and academics in advanced physics.
View count: 900
Publisher: Pergamon / Oxford
Year: 1972 / 1980
From the Foundations & philosophy of science & technology, Pergamon international library, this book is an introduction to the special and general theories of relativity and their philosophical foundations and implications. It provides the basic mathematical and physical tools to enable a student to proceed to an informed and independent assessment of the philosophical claims which are based on these theories.
- Mathematical Preliminaries
- Relativity and Newtonian Mechanics
- The Principle of Special Relativity
- Empiricism, Rationalism and Special Relativity
- Special Relativity and Conventionalism
- The Commensurability of Classical and Relativistic Mechanics
- More Mathematics
- The Path to General Relativity
- An Outline of General Relativity
- Relativity and Covariance
- Spacetime and Geometry
View count: 1579
Publisher: C. Roy Keys Inc. (Apeiron)
Fritz Zwicky, the great 20th century astronomer, astrophysicist and theoretical physicist, also dealt with methodology of research, which is considered to be one of branches of the philosophy of science. Zwicky, unlike most philosophers working in this area, not only discussed methods used by others but applied his methodological ideas to a new practical approach in his highly successful scientific research. This approach helped him to discover new objects and new facts. His activity in the fields of the exact sciences and of philosophy in science formed an integral whole. He advocated taking all possible, even exotic hypotheses into consideration, and never adhering only to a single hypothesis. In his Morphological Astronomy he wrote the following words, which should be taken as a fundamental principle in all research:
If rain begins to fall on previously dry areas on the earth, the water on the ground will make its way from high levels to low levels in a variety of ways. Some of these ways will be more or less obvious, predetermined by pronounced mountain formations and valleys, while others will appear more or less at random. Whatever courses are being followed by the first waters, their existence will largely prejudice those chosen by later floods. A system of ruts will consequently be established which has a high degree of permanence. The water rushing to the sea will sift the earth in these ruts and leave the extended layers of earth outside essentially unexplored. Just as the rains open up the earth here and there, ideas unlock the doors to various aspects of life, fixing the attention of men on some aspects while partly or entirely ignoring others. Once man is in a rut he seems to have the urge to dig even deeper, and what often is most unfortunate, he does not take the excavated debris with him like the waters, but throws it over the edge, thus covering up the unexplored territory and making it impossible for him to see outside his rut. The mud he is throwing may even hit his neighbours in the eyes, intentionally or unintentionally and make it difficult for them to see anything at all.
This volume, devoted to the problems of relativity, gravitation and related issues in physics, presents papers delivered and/or discussed during the conference ?Redshifts and Gravitation in a Relativistic Universe? held in Cesena on September 17-20th 1999. In a way, this conference represents a response to Zwicky?s method, outlined above. Its main aim was to serve as a forum for ideas and theories that go against the mainstream of science. Some of the theories are already cast in their final form; some are just rough ideas still undergoing development. Not all of them will prove correct, just as not all of the mainstream theories are wrong. Only reality is an absolute truth, while our theories have only approximate validity. The great German thinker Johann Wolfgang von Goethe wrote: not distinguishing between reality and theory is like not distinguishing between a building and its scaffolding. Theories are tools, not objects of scientific investigation, but indispensable tools. Only a wide variety of tools can enable us to carry out such a complicated task as scientific research.
In addition, a wide variety of observed phenomena have to be taken into consideration in a properly organized scientific investigation. Some phenomena which are seldom mentioned by others?such as quantization of redshifts?are discussed in this volume.
Some of the papers are presented here in more or less the same form in which they were delivered during the conference. Some were reworked more recently and take a final form different from the presentation. No minutes of the extensive discussion in the conference auditorium or the more lively discussions that continued during breaks and around dinner tables were recorded. In some cases the discussions are reflected in the final shape of the papers. Two of the papers included here were not presented as such during the conference, but their content was mentioned and taken under consideration during the debate. This volume therefore should not be regarded as a formal proceedings of the Cesena Conference, although it does fairly reflect the substance of the event.
In his contribution A.K.T. Assis proposes the principle of physical proportions, according to which all laws of physics can depend only on the ratio of known quantities of the same type. An alternative formulation is that all universal constants of physics (G, c, Planck?s constant, Boltzmann?s constant, etc.) must depend on cosmological or microscopic properties of the universe. There is a discussion of laws satisfying this principle and of other laws which do not follow it, implying that the corresponding theories must be incomplete. The author shows how to implement this principle by means of his theory of Relational Mechanics, as set out in the book of the same title (Apeiron, Montreal, 1999).
The paper presented by H. Broberg is based on the equivalence between gravitation and acceleration, initially suggested by Einstein. This introduces a new geometric approach to quantum gravity, the missing link to unification, extended to a discussion of energy flows in the vacuum as the key mechanism of the gravitational process. His ideas also relate to string theory in a scenario where the extra dimension, representing the ?thickness of the line,? can be allowed to exist from the Planck length up to the Hubble scale.
An alternative picture of the structure of galaxies is proposed in the paper by Marek Biesiada, Konrad Rudnicki and Jacek Syska. The authors discuss the possible explanation of dynamical properties of galaxies with the theory of dilatonic balls using six-dimensional space.
In the paper ?Electromagnetism and Cosmology? by Edward Kapu?cik a rather convincing argument is given that the correct unification of electromagnetism and gravity should start from some elementary and basic proto-fields which are neither electromagnetic or gravitational fields. The presently observed division of fundamental interactions into gravitational and electromagnic must be achieved by constructing composite fields from the proto-fields. In addition to the field equations, the gauge conditions also express physical laws and determine these composite fields. The last statement contradicts the point of view commonly adopted, which treats the gauge fields as auxiliary quantities.
Two papers by F. Selleri show that transformations of space and time between inertial systems exist which are almost empirically equivalent to the Lorentz transformations. They contain a free parameter e1, the coefficient of x in the transformation of time. He shows that Michelson type experiments, aberration, occultation of Jupiter satellites, and radar ranging of planets are insensitive to the choice of e1. An exception is represented by experiments in slowly accelerated frames, e.g., those concerning the Sagnac effect. The best choice emerging from Selleri?s work is where the parameter e1 = 0, i.e., a theory different from Special Relativity.
One of the goals of the Cesena conference was to find common ground among the dissidents beyond their certitude that some mainstream models are wrong. That proved surprisingly difficult, and the discussions showed why?we differed about which fundamental starting points were a valid basis for building models. Should model-building be driven my math or by physics? Are singularities allowed by reality? Can matter and energy be created or destroyed? Must the causality principle be respected? And so forth. One session on the last day of the conference was devoted to a discussion of these points, and we found that no unanimity existed about any of them. That led directly to the contribution by Van Flandern, ?Physics has its Principles,? which attempts to examine several such fundamental principles and show the consequences in each case of making a wrong assumption about its applicability or non-applicability. Whether or not this initial effort brings dissident views closer, it has certainly highlighted the points that must be resolved for any hope of a convergence of models and viewpoints in the future.
Many physicists point to the proper functioning of the International Atomic Time system (TAI) in order to support the postulate of Special Relativity Theory about the one-way isotropy of light velocity in every inertial system, which has never been demonstrated. Contrary to this view, Manaresi demonstrates that the proper functioning of the TAI system does not imply the one-way isotropy of light on the moving Earth. This means that the second postulate of Special Relativity still remains merely conventional.
Astronomical observations show that some fundamental cosmic properties come in discrete values. The ratio of observed properties, such as redshift or mass, for example, yields a ubiquitous factor of 1.23. In the paper by A. and J Rub?i? and H. Arp in this volume the properties of fundamental particles such as leptons and quarks are examined. The surprising result is that they also obey this ?quantization? rule. While there is no current explanation, these empirical results point to similar physical laws which extend from the smallest to the largest entities in the universe. This may lead to a physical understanding of redshift quantization.
A very straightforward paper by K. Rudnicki, W. God?owski and A. Magdziarz presents a statistical elaboration of a very small sample of objects within the Iwanowska lines of galaxies and globular clusters. It shows that globular clusters, even located together with galaxies on the same lines, do not show redshift periodisation, whereas the galaxies do show the periodisation.
B. Bligh starts with some basic notions of thermodynamics to expose some of the errors made by cosmologists. Thermodynamic calculations require an energy balance. He then presents calculations on the Hot Big Bang Theory using data provided by cosmologists. The results are presented in a table and graphs which show that the Big Bang Theory cannot be true. Mr. Bligh also explains that thermodynamic calculations are most easily done with the aid of a temperature-entropy diagram for hydrogen, a method that is demonstrated in detail in his book The Big Bang Exploded!
Lastly, the paper by Cardone and Mignani deals with a problem that has been the subject of long-standing debate in the literature, namely the possibility of a breakdown of local Lorentz invariance (a subject revived in recent years, e.g., by S. Coleman, S.L. Glashow and R. Jackiw). In their paper, Cardone and Mignani report the preliminary positive results of an experiment which seems to evidence a DC voltage across a conductor induced by the static magnetic field of a coil. This intriguing finding ought, of course, to be confirmed by further independent tests, aimed at excluding possible gravitational effects, among the other things.
View count: 74423
Publisher: Ekkehard Friebe & Jocelyne Lopez
Websites: www.ekkehard-friebe.de www.jocelyne-lopez.de/blog www.www-ekkehard-friebe.de/blog
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Without a doubt the most comprehensive compilation of source material on criticisms of the theory of special relativity, this book is a monument to the dissident heritage of the last 100 years. Anyone who only causually peruses this book cannot deny that thousands of individuals have challenged Einstein's theories, and that no period of time since 1905 has been without the voice of dissidence. A veritable mountain of largely-ignored work has accumulated over the past century, ready to speak to anyone willing to listen. This book, written under the pseudonym G. O. Mueller, serves as a mouthpiece for that voice.
If the full book download is too large (about 5.4 MB), download by individual chapter (kapital):
- Chapter 0: Ueber die absolute Groesse der Speziellen Relativitaetstheorie [The Absolute Size of the Special Theory of Relativity]
- Chapter 1: Einleitung (Das Selbstbildnis der Relativistik usw.) [Introduction (The Self-Portrait of Relativity)]
- Chapter 2: Fehler-Katalog zu beiden Relativitaetstheorien
Englisch Version: Chapter 2 ? Catalogue of Errors for Both Theories of Relativity
- Chapter 3: Das Relativitaetsmaerchen und die Fakten [Relativity Tales and Facts]
- Chapter 4: Dokumentation der kritischen Veroeffentlichungen [Documentation of Critical Publications]
Ergaenzung 04/2012: 2394 weitere kritische Ver?ffentlichungen
- Chapter 5: Kritische Monographien und Sammelwerke [Critical Monographs and Compilation]
- Chapter 6: Zeitschriften u. a. mit ihren kritischen Aufsaetzen [Magazines and their Critical Essays]
- Chapter 7: Chronologie saemtlicher kritischer Veroeffentlichungen [Chronology of All Critical Publications]
- Chapter 8: Kritische Veroeffentlichungen nach Sprachen [Critical Publications by Language]
- Chapter 9: Das Gedankenexperiment [The Thought Experiment] (2009)
View count: 7274
Publisher: H. E. Retic Co. / AuthorHouse
Much of this book was written a long time ago when the author first became aware of the concepts of Special and General Relativity. At the time he assumed that the subject was well thought out and understood by people more knowledgeable and probably more intelligent than himself. His goal was to learn from them and to understand the phenomena that was being described. He could not, however, accept the prevalent idea that the workings of Nature were beyond the ability of mere mortals to understand at the 'common sense' level. As he studied the subject, he learned that this dictum was an intellectual 'con game' by men who were acting in the manner of a priesthood defending the 'true faith' rather than scientists and who, when challenged on points which a bright physics or engineering student would easily understand, showed a rather limited ability to reason and covered their limitations by asserting that it was the challenger's limitations which prevented understanding.
The dictum is not true, the mechanisms by which Nature operates are, for the most part, easily understood by reasonably bright (and interested) high school students, and the necessary mathematics and arguments to evaluate their validity of the are within knowledge of sophomore students of engineering and/or physics.(A knowledge of Integral Calculus, Elementary Physics, and Dimensional Analysis is all that is required for reader to check the material presented for himself.) It is the purpose of this book to make these mechanisms understandable to the general reader. This book contains three sections. The main section, 'The Einstein Hoax', starts with a description of the early history of Special and General Relativity and proceeds to show that the earlier published Lorentz Transformation-Aether Theory is, except for philosophical interpretation, identical to Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity and, in fact is a special case solution of that theory. As such, the Aether Theory must be a valid option if Special Relativity is to be considered valid. The Aether Theory, however, is easily understood in terms of 'common sense' while an examination of the conclusions of Special Relativity yield logical absurdities which no rational mind should be willing to accept.
But, fair is fair, the proof of a theory or its interpretation is, and should be, in the experimental evidence. Fortunately, experiments in the field of Quantum Physics have demonstrated that photons emitted as pairs are coupled by their 'quantum numbers' (in this case their direction of polarization) and changing the plane of polarization of one of the photons changes the plane of polarization of the other. The interesting conclusion of these experiments is that the velocity of that coupling is at least four times the velocity of light and may even be infinite. A minor modification of the experimental setup would allow the effect to be used to determine the absolute velocity of the laboratory through space to an accuracy of better than 400 miles per second. Since the interpretation associated with Special Relativity cannot tolerate the idea of an absolute velocity, we must revert to the Lorentz Transformation-Aether Theory because Dr. Einstein's interpretation of Space-Time falls on its face.
General Relativity is based upon the Principles of Relativity and of Equivalence, but a glance at its conclusions (the gravitational equivalents of the Lorentz Transformations for Velocity effects), shows that it erroneously yields results inconsistent with those principles. It yields a gravitational transformation for time which is not multiplicatively commutative (the property which allows Special Relativity to work) and yields a transformation for length of unity (the equivalent Lorentz Transformation for Length is the reciprocal of the Lorentz Transformation for Time). These deficiencies, which resulted from an error in mathematics which would not be tolerated if made by a freshman studying Calculus, led Dr. Einstein on a merry chase for about 18 months until he adapted the incomplete geometry of Riemann and concluded that space was curved. Unfortunately the resultant theory was relativistic and yielded results which appeared to work because the Sun's gravitational field is so weak (about a million times weaker than the field around a neutron star) and Relativistic Science was off and running, foolishly bringing us 'Black Holes', 'Singularities', 'Wormholes', etc. At the same time, while claiming to explain gravitation, General Relativity failed to explain the most significant gravitational effect, the source of gravitational energy and the force which holds you to your chair.
When one applies a few 'thought experiments' using readily tested and understood principles to the phenomena of gravitation, it is easy to derive gravitational transformations which actually are consistent with the Principles of Equivalence and Relativity. The result is surprisingly rich, a simple application (done after they had been derived and not before) of these transformations reveals the source of gravitational energy and its consistency with the absolute validity of the Law of Conservation of Energy in terms consistent with 'flat space', the reason why gravitational collapse is limited, and the inevitability of a Universe similar to our own being created within every object which approaches the 'black hole' radius. From inside of that object, it would appear, late in its history, to be an almost empty Universe expanding from a single point which 'inflated' into existence. (The author was completely surprised by these results.)
For those who wish to dig deeper, the author rigorously derived the nature of the gravitational field in the appendix 'Gravity' (copyrighted 1987). Unlike the 'The Einstein Hoax', it does not require the reader to take the author's word for anything. Every step is clearly spelled out both in words and in simple equations so that the reader can verify the conclusions for himself. Also included is a second appendix entitled 'Corrections to Residual Errors in Special Relativity'. This appendix derives the Lorentz Transformation for Transverse Force correctly, defines mass correctly so that Special Relativity can be used for accelerated reference frames, shows the location of kinetic energy, in so doing, reveals the nature of inertial mass.
I hope that you will read this book with an open mind and judge for yourself the validity of the conclusions. I do promise that it is closer to reality than current concepts and, if any reader can find a significant flaw, it will either be corrected or the book will be withdrawn. It is time to end the 'Einstein Hoax'.
- Historical Background
- The Nature of the Einstein Hoax
- Does the Aether Exist?
- The Resurrection of Absolute Velocity By Quantum Experiments
- The Nature of Reality
- Applying the Lorentz Transformations Properly
- Generating the Gravity Transformations
- Dr. Einstein's Error and the Introduction of Curved Space
- Gravitational Contraction and Collapse
- Gravitational Collapse and the Creation of a Universe
- The Space Time Continuum
- The Nature of Particles
- Adding the Quantum Effects to Our Understanding
- Changing the Paradigms
- What Can We Conclude
View count: 8016
Publisher: The Institution of Engineers of Ireland
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Publisher: Abhishek Publications, 57-59, Sector 17C, Chandigarh, India
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Publisher: Luzboa Bienal Internacional da Luz em Lisboa
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Publisher: Cambridge University Press / New South Wales University Press
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Publisher: Blacklight Power Inc
Dr. Mills has advanced the field generally known as Quantum Mechanics by deriving a new atomic theory--The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Physics (GUT-CP)--from first principles, which unifies Maxwell?s Equations, Newton?s Laws, and Einstein?s General and Special Relativity. The central feature is that physical laws hold over all scales, from the scale of subatomic particles to that of the cosmos.
Quantum Mechanics has remained mysterious to all who have encountered it. Whereas Schr?dinger postulated a boundary condition that the wavefunction goes to zero as the radius goes to infinity, resulting in a purely mathematical model of the hydrogen atom, GUT-CP was derived from known physics, i.e. Maxwell's Equations. Under special conditions, an extended distribution of charge may accelerate without radiating energy. This leads to a physical model of subatomic particles, atoms, and molecules. Equations are closed-form solutions containing fundamental constants only and agree with experimental observations.
Further, the Schwarzschild Metric is derived by applying Maxwell?s Equations to electromagnetic and gravitational fields at particle production. This modifies General Relativity to include conservation of spacetime and gives the origin of gravity, the masses of fundamental particles, the acceleration of the expansion of the universe (predicted by Dr. Mills in 1995 and since confirmed experimentally), and overturns the Big Bang model of the origin of the universe.
I grew up and was educated (1960s) in a time when Einstein's lifelong (but unattained) quest for a unified field theory was celebrated rather anecdotally, as a sort of historical curiosity. One spoke of theories as 'tools', or 'models'. The prevailing mentality was 'one model does not fit all.' A model would work and be useful in one set of circumstances but not another; use a model to get practical results, but a pursuit of absolute unifying truth was regarded largely as a waste of candle wax.
Other characteristics of this time in science were intolerance, arrogance, and rigidity. Scientists preened and postured, became intensely political, and delegated the 'doing' of science to students. Science was becoming big science - a big governmental and corporate enterprise - demanding more resources and becoming less accountable." We now have an expensive standing army in American science, marching in place, with little creative, definable mission. Most of what passes for science is merely chauvinism - who has the largest accelerator, etc.
Now along comes Randell Mills. Without expending billions or even millions or even hundreds of thousands of US taxpayers' dollars, Dr. Mills has apparently completed Einstein's quest for a unified field theory. Dr. Mills' theory is presented in his book, The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Quantum Mechanics (November 1995).
This is a huge achievement for three reasons. First, the Mills Theory tidies up theoretical physics by stitching together quantum mechanics and relativity. That in itself is a major triumph. Second, and more important, the Mills Theory explains several major empirical anomalies that have vexed physicists for decades: the sun's energy balance deficit; the dark matter in space phenomena; and mountains of atomic-electron spectral data that is inconsistent with prevailing theory. Third, the Mills Theory gives rise to the possibility of an inexhaustible energy source based on phenomenology not yet recognized and accepted by the scientific community."
Remarkably, Dr. Mills has developed his theory and its energy generation application as an entrepreneur -- without largesse from the US Government, and without the benediction of the US scientific priesthood. Because his enterprise does not suffer these two impediments, it just might succeed. If so, Mills will be the next Thomas Edison. -- Shelby T. Brewer, former Assistant Secretary of Energy, top nuclear official in the Reagan Administration
View count: 9051
Publisher: Society for the Advancement of Autodynamics
This book was conceived for the technician and layman but without losing any scientific rigor that may be of concern for the professional physicist. The conceptual details of Autodynamics have been considerably expanded upon, not just for clarification, but also to show, as simply as possible, where Einstein's mistakes originate.
Contents: Memory, Foreward, Introduction, "Truth", Introduction to AD and Philosophy, Systems in Relative Motion, Simultaneity, The Neutrino, Universal Gravitation, Big Bang, Gravitational Lens, Compton Effect, Dragging, Sting and Super String Theory, Decay, Faster than Light, Super-Kamiokande: Super-Proof for Neutrino Nonexistence, Lorentz and AD Transformation, SR's Mass Derivation Starting from Momentum, Questions or Unsolved Problems in Physics and Cosmology, A Nobel Laureate, Newton-Einstein Billiard Ball Mechanics, The Principle of Equivalence, Time Dilation.
This book, Storm in Physics (Autodynamics), and essentially the technical book, Autodynamics: Fundamental Basis for a New Relativistic Mechanics, are the culmination of the life work of Dr. Ricardo L. Carezani, a man whose work is built on the solid mathematics and reasoning of Sir Isaac Newton and other giants of physics who existed before "magical science" began to be accepted by mainstream physicists.
By "magical science" I mean physics that must resort tocreating "missing" particles and otherwise making adjustments to reality in order to have the science fit the theory. Magical sciences include, but are not limited to, such theories as General Relativity, Special Relativity and String Theory, some of the most entrenched "beliefs" held in scientific circles today.
Carezani's theory, dubbed Autodynamics, has no need for such antics as inventing particles like the neutrino (which, despite all the so-called "evidence" to the contrary, and all the palaver of scientists today, has NOT been found to exist), in order to explain how the universe works.
Dr. Carezani has not needed to create any new postulate or invent a new Theory of Relativity;contrarily, at the center of Dr. Carezani's theory is the correction of Lorentz' misunderstanding of the systems of Relative Motion and Pauli's misunderstanding in applying Einstein's incorrect equations to Decay.
In contrast to gravity as an attracting force inherent in all matter, Newton's historical "fluxion" and fundamentally, Le Sage's "mundane particle," championed later by Luis de Broglie as the "graviton" and taken up by Carezani as the "pico-graviton," creates a "pushing" force by virtue of its traveling through space and striking other bodies or particles.
According to Carezani, pico gravitons make up the majority of particles in space. As these moving pico gravitons meet physical bodies, some of them are absorbed by the particles of these bodies, making the bodies heavier over eons of years. This, essentially, creates a new Celestial Mechanics.
Many questions still unanswered by science today are answered by Autodynamics. These questions are brought up in the DVD on Dr. Carezani's work, Universal Gravitation and Autodynamics. Stripped of the mathematics used in Dr. Carezani's book, the DVD leaves you with a very clear understanding of his work and of the importance of sharing it with the world.
If physics interests you, get a copy of the book, Storm in Physics, and the DVD, Universal Gravitation and Autodynamics. If you're not into math, get the DVD. I recommend both to anyone interested in knowing how the universe really works.
You can order Storm in Physics at www.Amazon.com or both at www.bn.com or through the Society for the Advancement of Autodynamics at: www.autodynamics.org
The CAMP Report
Citizens Against Media Propaganda
View count: 8522
Publisher: W. W. Norton
Fresh insights into aspects of Einstein we don't usually consider: his mistakes and the role they played in the discovery of his theories.
Although Einstein was the greatest genius of the 20th century, many of his ground-breaking discoveries were blighted by mistakes, ranging from serious misconceptions in physics to blatant errors in mathematics. For instance, Einstein's first theoretical proof of the famous formula E = mc? was incomplete and only approximately valid; he struggled with this problem for many years, but he never found a complete proof (better mathematicians did). In this provocative forensic biography, Hans Ohanian dissects this and other mistakes and places them in the context of Einstein's turbulent life and times. Einstein was often navigating in a fog of irrational and mystical inspirations, but his profound intuition about physics permitted him to reach his goal despite?and sometimes because of-the mistakes he made along the way. Einstein's uncanny ability to use his mistakes subconsciously as stepping-stones toward his revolutionary theories was one hallmark of his genius. 25 illustrations.
A close examination of Einstein's work, emphasizing the errors and wrong turns that even colleagues overlooked.Ohanian, a former editor of the American Journal of Physics, proceeds through the years, rarely missing a paper, speech, interview or controversy. The author covers many fields, because Einstein made not one but several breakthrough discoveries; his Nobel, in fact, was for the photoelectric effect, not relativity. Einstein admitted that mathematics was not his strong suit, but beyond the torrent of errors in that area, Ohanian also finds mistakes in physical assumptions that range from oversimplification to outright nuttiness. Max Planck, working as a journal editor, read the unknown Einstein's revolutionary 1905 paper on special relativity and found a major error in the discussion of relativistic mass. Recognizing the paper's importance, Planck approved it and later worked out a correct recalculation for which he has never received credit. Because of Einstein's fame, everyone believes he discovered the equation linking mass to energy. In fact, other physicists knew of it for years, and his 1905 proof was incomplete; once Max Von Laue produced a complete proof in 1911, Einstein adopted it. Ohanian emphasizes two absolute laws of research. One: If a scientist makes a brilliant discovery, everyone forgives mistakes he made along the way. Two: If he becomes a scientific superstar, he gets credit for everything in his field. Thus Einstein gets credit for everything connected with relativity, including earlier discoveries and those of colleagues who improved his work. Dennis Overbye's Einstein in Love (2000) gives the best popular account of his science, while Walter Isaacson's bestselling Einstein (2007) is the best on his life. Ohanion's book delves more deeply into physics and into Einstein's thought processes, so readers will have to pay close attention.A sophisticated overview of modern physics, including more of Einstein's missteps than readers usually encounter.
View count: 8426
Publisher: Bauu Institute
In Quantum Ring Theory Wladimir Guglinski presents a radical new theory concerning the fundamental nature of physics. Hailed as a intriguing theorist by Dr. Eugene Mallove, president of the New Energy Foundation, Guglinski argues that the current understanding of physics does not put forth an accurate model of the world. Instead, Guglinski argues that we must once again consider the "aether," a notion originally put forth by Greek philosophers. By considering the nature of "aether" and its role in physical processes, Guglinski is able to put forth a theory that reconciles Quantum Physics with the Theory of Relativity. To date, no other physical theory is able to accord for the intraction between these two fundamental areas of physics. As part of Guglinski's new theory, the author presents a new model of the neutron. Guglinski's model of the neutron has been confirmed by contemporary physical experiments: The first one was made by Don Borghi and published in 1993 by the American Institute of Physics; the second experiment was made by Elio Conte and Maria Pieralice, subsequently published in the magazine Infinite Energy in 1999. Currently, other experiments around the world are being conducted to test the remainder of Guglinski's theoretical work. Quantum Ring Theory presents for the first time in a complete text the theoretical work of Wladimir Guglinski. In this volume cutting edge theoretical work in physics is presented; theoretical work which may ultimately change the very way we understand the world.
A new interpretation of elementary particles and the atom's nuclear structure. Guglinski provides an entirely new understanding of the structure and the mechanics of the atom and the atomic nucleus, which in the presented way requires the interaction with the ether to explain, for instance, the quantum weirdness of the behavior of single, isolated photons and electrons. I highly recommend it. -- Paul W. Schoening (firstname.lastname@example.org): Mechanical Engineer
WHOA!!...we have a breakthrough here!!! Hi I just came across this book 'Quantum Ring Theory' by Wladimir Guglinkski and found it quite exhilarating and thrilling. The thrill is in the way Quantum Theory is being treated in this book which is totally a new approach to physics. The proposed structure of the Neutron in terms of n=p+e, the ZOOM Effect, Helical trajectory, a completely new interpretation of DUALITY are some of the most original works of the author. I don't think I have seen any of the Modern Physicists as original as Wladimir. I must say that any serious physicist must go through this book and I would be glad if some of the universities come out with funds to perform certain experiments to establish Guglinski's Quantum Ring Theory. WLADIMIR.......HATS OFF MAN!!!!!! -- Naveen, A Reviewer
I am the author of Symmetrical Special Relativity, which first paper was published by the journal Pramanas in July 2008 under the title: 'Deformed special relativity with an invariant minimum speed and its cosmological implications'. We, theoretical physicists, develop theories by using the mathematics, some theorems, many axioms, supporting fundamental principles, but there is not a physical reality underlying our theories. Actually one of achivements of the 20th Century is that a physical reality is unatainable in Modern Physics. But Guglinski's theory just supplies physical models to Theoretical Physics. In his theory are proposed physical models for the photon, the fermions, the neutron, the hydrogen atom, the nucleus, and the aether, and his QRT proposes the fundamental principles from which those physical models work. My SSR and Guglinski's QRT are complementary. A future consistent agglutination of SSR and QRT will perform a New Grand Unified Theory which, if confirmed by experiments, will constitute the New Physics of the 21th Century. -- Claudio Nassif (email@example.com): PhD theoretical physicist, August 04, 2008
View count: 897
Publisher: Ching-Chuan Su
The theory of Quantum Electromagnetics presents a wave equation which is constructed, in compliance with Galilean transformations, for electromagnetic and matter waves. A fundamental feature entirely different from the principle of relativity is that the wave equation is referred specifically to the proposed local-ether frame. For electromagnetic wave, the local-ether wave equation accounts for a wide variety of experiments on propagation and interference. For matter wave, the wave equation leads to modifications of Schrodinger's equation which in turn lead to a unified quantum theory of electromagnetic and gravitational forces in conjunction with the origin and the identity of inertial and gravitational mass. Further, it leads to modifications of the Lorentz force law and of Maxwell's equations. Moreover, the wave equation leads to the dispersion of matter wave, from which the speed-dependence in the mass of a particle and in the wavelength, angular frequency, and quantum energy of a matter wave can be derived. The consequences of the wave equation are in accord with a wide variety of experiments that are commonly ascribed to the special relativity, the general relativity, the Lorentz mass-variation law, or to the de Broglie matter wave. Thereby, the local-ether wave equation unifies quantum mechanics, electromagnetics, and gravitation.
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Publisher: XTX Inc.
From the Inside Flap
"In a sense, Einstein had 'appropriated' Hilbert's contribution to the gravitational field equations as a march of his own ideas--or so it would seem from the reading of his 1916 Ann. d. Phys. paper on the foundations of general relativity."--Prof. Jagdish Mehra
"[Hilbert] would soon [***] pinpoint flaws in Einstein's rather pedestrian way of dealing with the mathematics of his gravitation theory."--Dr. Tilman Sauer
". . .Gerber, who has given the correct formula for the perihelion motion of Mercury before I did."--Albert Einstein
"Remarkably, Einstein was not the first to discover the correct form of the law of warpage [***] Recognition for the first discovery must go to Hilbert."--Prof. Kip Thorne
"No unprejudiced person can deny that, in the absence of direct and incontrovertible proofs establishing his innocence, Einstein must, in view of the circumstantial evidence previously presented, stand convicted before the world as a plagiarist."--Prof. Arvid Reuterdahl
"Thus, with what is known as the special theory, if we consider as paramount factor not the detail work but the guiding thoughts by which this was inspired, then the father of this special relativity theory was undoubtedly Henri Poincare. [***] In the general theory of relativity the basic thought is that of Mach, viz. the replacement in dynamics of the law of gravitation by a law of motion. But in what Einstein built upon this basis the influence of Poincare is again manifest. [***] And in view of all these facts one does not know at which to be most astounded: the magnanimity of Poincare who was always over-anxious that there should be recognition of the labors of those who reaped where he himself had sown, the apathy of his friends after his death, or the peculiar attitude of Einstein and his coterie, exemplified by Born of Goettingen, who refers to Poincare as one of those who 'collaborated' with Einstein in the development of the relativity theory!"--Robert P. Richardson
"From these facts the conclusion seems inevitable that Einstein cannot be regarded as a scientist of real note. He is not an honest investigator."--Prof. O. E. Westin
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This Omnibus clarifies and corrects the theory in such a way that the reader comes to a superior understanding of it. The beauty of it is that one does not have to be a mathematical wizard to follow the process. The math is not only simple but each equation is explained in detail. The illustrations help a great deal also. On the whole, the Omnibus is a fascinating learning experience in which one is brought to the forefront of the discipline.
View count: 8837
Einstein, Relativity and Absolute Simultaneity is an anthology of original essays by an international team of leading philosophers and physicists who, on the centenary of Albert Einstein?s Special Theory of Relativity, come together in this volume to reassess the contemporary paradigm of the relativistic concept of time. A great deal has changed since 1905 when Einstein proposed his Special Theory of Relativity, and this book offers a fresh reassessment of Special Relativity?s relativistic concept of time in terms of epistemology, metaphysics and physics. There is no other book like this available; hence philosophers and scientists across the world will welcome its publication.
- Introduction 1
- 1 William Lane Craig: The Metaphysics of Special Relativity: Three Views 11
- 2 Craig Callender: Finding "Real" Time in Quantum Mechanics 50
- 3 Quentin Smith: A Radical Rethinking of Quantum Gravity: Rejecting Einstein's Relativity and Unifying Bohmian Quantum Mechanics With a Bell-neo-Lorentzian Absolute Time, Space and Gravity 73
- 4 Antony Valentini: Hidden Variables and the Large-Scale Structure of Space-Time 125
- 5 Tim Maudlin: Non-Local Correlartions in Quantum Theory: How the Trick Might be Done 156
- 6 Franco Selleri: The Zero Acceleration Discontinuity and Absolute Simultaneity 180
- 7 Tom Van Flandern: Global Positioning System and the Twins' Paradox 212
- 8 Michael Tooley: A Defense of Absolute Simultaneity 229
- 9 Richard Swinburne: Cosmic Simultaneity 244
- 10 Thomas L. Crisp: Presentism, Eternalism and Relativity Physics 262
- 11 John Lucas: The Special Theory and Absolute Simultaneity 279
- Index 291
View count: 20182
Publisher: Logos (Moscow)
The nature of light being a subject of intensive research and speculation over the centuries still remains a "dark" issue of modern physics. It been established that light transfers energy from the source to the receiver by discrete portions, the quanta. However, there is no unified point of view on the nature of the material carrier of the light quantum, that is, the photon. There are several types of photon used in descriptions of the experiments that demonstrate quantum optical effects (Sec. 5). The difference in usage of the term "photon" reflects the difference in interpretation of the results of such experiments.
Among quantum optical effects the so-called "essentially quantum effects" that have no classical analogues are worth special mentioning. Such effects cannot be described in the framework of the semi-classical model based on the Maxwell equations, and quantum models are used to describe the effects.
Although the quantum formalism provides a good description of the essentially quantum optical effects, there are great difficulties in its interpretation. In this work it will be shown (Sec. 1) that any of the well-known interpretations of the quantum formalism for the case of "nonclassical" light is inconsistent with the main concepts of the special theory of relativity. The main disagreement between special relativity and quantum theory is in the attitude towards measurement. While measurement is of primary importance in quantum mechanics, relativity asserts that all the detected characteristics of light exist a priori (before the measurement). All implications of special are postulated for any inertial frame of reference, not for physical frames (in the sense of actually existing laboratories) as it must be in the study of a quantum object (Sec. 2)...
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One of Dingle's criticisms of the special theory is presented in an appendix, with a commentary showing that a published attempt to refute the argument by Professor Good was not sound. Other appendices present some of my published papers on the topics discussed in the book.
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Publisher: Delta Publications (New Delhi, India)
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Publisher: Hadronic Press
- 11 Harold Aspden, FOUR QUESTIONS CONCERNING RELATIVITY
- 21 Y.V. Balashov, STEADY STATE COSMOLOGIES AS SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH PROGRAM
- 27 John F. Barrett, HYPERBOLIC GEOMETRY IN SPECIAL RELATIVITY AND ITS RELATION TO THE COSMOLOGY OF MILNE
- 35 Marius Borneas, ON THE CONCEPTS OF SPACE AND TIME
- 39 Claude Comte, THE FUNDAMENTAL R?LE OF THE REFERENCE FRAME REVISITED
- 47 William Lane Craig, RELATIVITY AND THE "ELIMINATION" OF ABSOLUTE TIME
- 67 S.K. Ghosal & P. Chakraborty, THE CONCEPT OF LORENTZ INVARIANT CLOCKS
- 73 Roger C. Jennison, PROPER TIME, PROPER LENGTH AND SOME COMMENTS ON THE CONCEPTS OF TIME AND DISTANCE
- 84 Ludwik Kostro, WHAT IS THIS: A CLOCK IN RELATIVITY THEORY?
- 91 Peter Kroes, TIME DILATION WITHIN SPECIAL RELATIVITY
- 107 Francis Mathe, PROBLEMS OF TIME SCALE IN COSMOLOGY
- 111 Storrs McCall, TOWARDS A LORENTZ-INVARIANT THEORY OF COLLAPSE
- 123 Andr? Mercier, THE RECONSTRUCTION OF SPACE-TIME AS TIME-SPACE
- 133 W. Trevor Morris, ON RELATIVITY AND CAUSALITY
- 138 K.K. Nandi, SOME ASPECTS OF MINIMALLY RELATIVISTIC NEWTONIAN GRAVITY
- 140 Peter ?hrstr?m, TENSE LOGIC AND SPECIAL RELATIVITY
- 149 A. Paparodopoulos, LIGHT PROPAGATION IN AN EXPANDING UNIVERSE
- 152 Simon J. Prokhovnik, THE NATURE AND IMPLICATIONS OF THE ROBERTSON-WALKER METRIC
- 159 David Roscoe, INERTIA, GRAVITATION, AND THE THEORY OF RELATIVITY
- 170 Mendel Sachs, ON THE MEANING OF SPACE AND TIME
- 177 Ruggero M. Santilli, DIRECT UNIVERSALITY OF ISOSPECIAL RELATIVITY FOR GENERALIZED SPACETIMES
- 195 Chalmers W. Sherwin, TRANSIENT EFFECTS IN SPECIAL RELATIVITY
- 201 Torgny Sj?din, ON THE ONE-WAY VELOCITY OF LIGHT & ITS POSSIBLE MEASURABILITY
- 206 Lawrence Sklar, THE CONVENTIONALITY OF SIMULTANEITY! AGAIN?
- 217 A.V. Soldatov, PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECTS OF THE WORLD PICTURE OF PHYSICAL SCIENCE
- 220 R. Tavakol, GEOMETRY OF SPACE-TIME & FINSLER SPACES
- 225 S.C. Tiwari, REALITY, INTUITION, AND MIND: REFLECTIONS ON THE PHILOSOPHY OF H. POINCAR?
- 232 Barrie J. Tonkinson, CLOCKS DON?T GO SLOW, RODS DON?T CONTRACT
- 245 H?kan T?rnebohm, INFRA-THEORIES TO THE SPECIAL THEORY OF RELATIVITY
- 255 Mogens Wegener, IDEAS OF COSMOLOGY: A PHILOSOPHER'S SYNTHESIS
- 275 INDEX
View count: 21421
Publisher: Hadronic Press
Selected Papers From the Biennial Conferences on Physical Interpretations of Relativity Theory (1988-1996). The conferences were sponsored by the British Society for the Philosophy of Science and held at the Imperial College, London.
- 11 H.-H. v. Borzeszkowski & H.-J. Treder, MACH-EINSTEIN DOCTRINE AND GENERAL RELATIVITY
- 19 G. Cavalleri, E. Cesaroni & E. Tonni, THREE LEVELS OF INTERPRETING SPECIAL RELATIVITY
- 37 S.V.M. Clube, MASS INFLATION WITH LORENTZIAN GRAVITY
- 44 O. Costa de Beauregard, RELATIVITY AND PROBABILITY: THE LOGIC OF INTERSUBJECTIVITY
- 51 J. Dunning Davies & G.H.A. Cole, QUALMS CONCERNING RELATIVITY THEORY
- 60 M.C. Duffy, ETHER, COSMOLOGY AND GENERAL RELATIVITY
- 80 J.D. Edmonds, THE MISSING TERM IN THE DIRAC FACTORIZATION
- 85 Enrico Giannetto, A.N. WHITEHEAD ON SPECIAL RELATIVITY
- 90 Mehdi Golshani, HAVE PHYSICISTS BEEN ABLE TO DISPENSE WITH PHILOSOPHY?
- 98 Fran?ois Goy, NON-INVARIANT LIGHT-SPEED AND CLOCK SYNCHRONISATION
- 107 L.P. Horwitz, TIME AND STATE-EVOLUTION IN MECHANICS
- 121 A.G. Kelly, RELATIVITY AND THE SAGNAC EFFECT
- 130 G.H. Keswani, A CRITIQUE OF RELATIVITY
- 156 Willem de Muynck, ON MEASUREMENT IN RELATIVITY THEORY
- 169 Alexei V. Nesteruk, IS A WAVE FUNCTION COLLAPSE A REAL EVENT IN SPACE AND TIME?
- 180 H.P. Noyes & D. McGoveran, , OBSERVABLE RESULTS OF DISCRETE PHYSICS
- 191 Rinat Nugayev, TWO SHORT NOTES
- 196 Walter Petry, A THEORY OF GRAVITATION IN FLAT SPACE-TIME
- 213 M.F. Podlaha, MATTER WAVES AND UNIVERSAL FIELDS
- 218 N.V. Pope, THE TANTALIZING TWO-SLIT EXPERIMENT
- 228 Evert Jan Post, ASSESSING CONCEPTUAL TRENDS IN 20TH C PHYSICS
- 236 Stathis Psillos, CONCEPTIONS AND MISCONCEPTIONS OF 'ETHER'
- 249 Peter Rowlands, AN ALGEBRA FOR RELATIVISTIC QUANTUM MECHANICS
- 267 Heinz-J?rgen Schmidt, ON A SYNTHETIC FORMULATION OF GENERAL RELATIVISTIC SPACETIME GEOMETRY
- 281 Franco Selleri, ON THE ANISOTROPY OF LIGHT PROPAGATION
- 284 N. Shanks, STOCHASTIC ELECTRODYNAMICS IN PHILOSOPHICAL PERSPECTIVE
- 297 R. Simon, THE WHITE-DWARF CONTROVERSY: GENERAL IDEAS BEHIND EDDINGTON'S POSITION
- 302 Maurice Surdin, COSMOLOGY AND STOCHASTIC ELECTRODYNAMICS
- 322 L. Sz?kely, THE ANTHROPIC PRINCIPLE IN RELATIVISTIC COSMOLOGY
- 329 F. Winterberg, CANTOR'S CONTINUUM HYPOTHESIS AND THE QUEST FOR AN AETHER
- 337 INDEX
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I have been repeatedly thinking- is there any mistake in the book? Is there any mistake in the deduction? However, I can not find any mistake after searching over and over. The reason why this book is named as "Natural science principle", it is because I worship mathematics Principle of Natural and philosophy. The reason why this book is suffixed as "summary", it is because: First, no self-conjecture and even more no self-fantasy, and it is the summary on the basis of analyzing massive physics experiments and human project practice. Particularly, the independent radiation of electric field wave and magnetic field wave is the great Hertz experiment logic, there is certain introduction in physical books, the difference is that the analytic results are different, which leads to the correctness on physical concept and mathematical model, which is also from the contribution of Hertz and Lorentz, which is not fabricated by myself without any reason; the superposition character of the radiation speed of electromagnetic wave(or light velocity) has also been used by many project practices, which is truthful and reliable, and obeys Galileo relativity principle, which is not my light velocity hypothesis; the opinion that the essence of electromagnetic wave(and light wave)is not energy is referred during negating Maxwell Curl Equation, which is the necessary conclusion from concluding massive physics experiments, and I am not claptrap. Secondly, as for the content of this book, it is about the correctness of several historical issues of natural science, which refers to the opinions and chronic ideas of important historical physical experiments, for example, T. Yang's interference is chronically thought as the interference of energy and so on, this book comprehensively investigates relative experiments, integrates issues, clarifies thought, make conclusions, and never bring forward self hypothesis and construct model in addition to surprise the scientific circle, so the success of this book attributes to the senior physicists, it is their sweat experiments which settle the basis of this book. Thirdly, the mathematical formulas in the book is the content in current math manual, not the mathematical games that I fabricated, and the deduction in the book is correct. Fourthly, as for the starting point of this book, this book is the attention and research to the three great refutes between two schools of top scientists, during the research it was discovered that Curl Theory and Special Relativity are error theories based on error root, its issue, argument, deduction are all wrong. Especially the error of special relativity, which is horribly wrong, no one can save, even put the observation of astrophysics phenomenon on general relativity??s rank, it is also useless. Because this book totally negates the issue, argument of special relativity and its mathematical tools, and uses Newton law and light velocity superposition principle to re-explain the important dissent physical experiments in history(including Michelson-Morley experiment and Compton experiment). Furthermore it also uses general Lorentz magnetic force to explain all electromagnetic induction phenomenon, associates general Lorentz magnetic force and great Hertz experiment logic to explain the application of radio engineering. In total, this book thinks that Maxwell Curl Field theory and Einstein special relativity are error theories based on the error root.
What's the reason for the two great scientists to make such a mistake? I am very confused about it. As for this, I pondered about it for many days. The main reason is because of the science development level at that time, ether theory was dominant then, Maxwell curl theory was born based on ether, made ether and conductor equivalent to discuss electric displacement, and people had no knowledge of charges and even more no knowledge of the essence of electric current. Michelson-Morley experiment was born based on ether, Lorentz transformation was to explain the interference experiment of ether theory and also consent ether theory, which impelled Einstein to devote himself to research ??measurable and immeasurable relative to the motion of ether?? such superficial phenomenon. In other words, if there had been no Curl Theory of Ether Theory and the interference experiment of Ether theory as the basis of special relativity, or if there had been no Lorentz hypothesis of Ether Theory as the mathematical tool of special relativity, there would have been no attempt to explain the special relativity of measurable and immeasurable relative to the motion of ether. So it is ether which causes relativity, it is also ether which trapped Einstein half of his life. Besides this reason, there are also other reasons on the research means and mode.
I still remember the teachers of Sichuan province Yue Chi County NO1 Middle School and China Electronics University Of Science and Technology all said such three words , logical deduction is essential to math, concept and connotation are essential to physics, and equation equilibrium is essential to chemistry.
Mr Einstein researched physics but didn't stick closely to the concept and connotation of physics, but used pure mathematical hypothesis to realize physics character. Relativity can??t leave Lorentz transformation such interesting mathematical game, from its beginning to its end is from mathematical game to mathematical game, it seems that he wants to use mathematical game to direct physics experiment, it seems that he wants to use mathematical game to change space and construct another universe. To be true, as a twenty-five-year old Einstein, he is very talented, he associated photoelectric diode and black body radiation in the research of photoelectric effect, young and capable, very talented; he associated Coriolis force in the inertia with electromagnetic induction issue and curl field issue in light wave interference research, I really admired his association talent from my heart! How far his thought is, how far the miracle that he created is. But Einstein is a man not god, We can??t take error relativity as god because ?? Wave-particle Dualism?? was obtained the reputation of Nobel Physics Prize. He lacks broad and deep physical concept research on physical phenomenon, so the special relativity that he created is really wrong, horribly wrong, and brought the development direction of physics into a blind alley. But it is just because he pushed individual errors of physical history to climax, which makes us burgeon the conclusion and correctness to nature science principle, also it is just because of his association event at the beginning of his relativity article, which makes us see that there still exists bequeathed issues in physical history during investigating the truth of relativity, also it is just because of his those association events, which makes us find the way to negate relativity, as far as this concerned, we have to appreciate Mr Einstein, it is him who inspired us to work hard to negate his conclusion and its derivative conclusions.
Maxwell Curl Theory is a half math issue and a half physical issue; he used mathematical formulas but paid no attention to the condition of using the formula; used physics equations but paid no attention to physical definition, just applying the equations to calculate the curl. As it is pointed out by Lorentz. It is right for Hertz to eradicate the power of Maxwell equation, but Maxwell never believed charges entity, always used his electric displacement to replace charges, it is also very difficult for people to understand what the charges that he referred to is, he also never cared about how electromagnetic field was produced, in his theory it seems that electromagnetic field is from infinite distance, a field that does not need source, only the motion of charges is the root to produce all electromagnetic fields??, field does not produce field. Maxwell??s imagination is powerful, he thought that electricity is not point nor face or solid, but the electric displacement formed when ether is pulled by electrodynamic force, so conductive current equals displacement current and spreads to ether space, thereby he is the first one to predict the existence of electromagnetic wave, which caused Hertz experiment to process soon. But the physics concept and mathematical model that he gave out are wrong, and Maxwell senior??s errors are inevitable under the historical limit of physics research at that time, the cognitive environment that metal electronics theory was not born and the environment that ether was popular. Furthermore, if there had been no the prediction of electric wave and limit of wave speed from Maxwell senior, our world civilization will be delayed dozens of years, so the contribution that Maxwell senior contributed to human progression is primary, his theory error is historical limit and the necessity of science sinuation.