Publisher: Borderland Sciences
Publisher: Rivas Publishing
Publisher: PD Publications
Peter Rowlands is both scientist and historian, and in both domains he challenges inherited assumptions and prejudices. He says the ?wave-particle duality? arises from a vision of science that is rather too rich in political metaphors. Examples: 1) Newton?s British vision of physical reality was entirely based on particles, and thereby ?opposite? to the Cartesian, continuum visions popular on the European continent. 2) Newton?s particulate concept of light was wrong, and after decisive experiments was overthrown by a wave model tracing to Christian Huygens. Maxwell and Hertz completed and solidified a total ?revolution?. 3) The wentieth century gave us the light quantum, or photon, something entirely new and different from Newton?s old ?corpuscle?.
But reality is far more complex. Examples: 1) Newton described mechanics in terms of point particles and action-at-a-distance force laws, but he didn?t preclude an intervening aether medium; indeed he talked about it in his treatise on ?Opticks?. Newton?s light corpuscle was not just a point, since it carried some sort of periodicity and polarization. If ?dualism? is an identifiable philosophy, Newton was its first proponent. 2) Huygens? wave concept was not much like the later electromagnetic wave concept, since he knew nothing of the transverse character of light, or its polarization. Furthermore, his concept was not embraced and exploited in his own time, so it didn?t influence subsequent development. It was just recalled later, ex post facto. 3) The QM photon is not that much different from Newton?s corpuscle. What was wrong with the corpuscular theory was Newton?s inference concerning the velocity of light in a material medium: he said ?bigger?, whereas reality says ?smaller?. But had his statement been phrased in terms of momentum rather than velocity, it would have been quite right.
So, history is revisionist and mythic. So what? What are we missing here? Well, perhaps a great deal. The problem is that in passively accepting a myth about the history of science, we inadvertently encumber the present and future development of science. Our myth-based vision of science today disregards the greater half of what Newton gave us. The myth is largely mathematico-deductive: it has to do with manipulating equations and calculating numbers; it is what enables us to predict things. But the greater part of Newton?s gift is inductive and qualitative. It has to do with inferring the principles and formulating the equations. This is what enables us to discover things. Discovery is not about the conflict between paradigms, it is about the creation of paradigms. The political metaphors are not applicable, and do not help us perform that function.
Having not fully appreciated the ?creative? aspect of Newton?s science, we have little nurtured it and rarely seen it. To his credit, Einstein gave us a rare modern illustration. Like Newton before him, Einstein: eschewed specific physical models and focused on on universal underlying principles, which he expressed in terms of abstract mathematics. Why then do we have here a whole journal largely committed to critiquing Einstein? I think it is because what happened after Newton has not yet happened after Einstein. Newton was soon followed by Hamilton and by Lagrange, each of whom offered equally valid but different articulations of underlying principles to explain mechanics. No similar phenomenon has followed Einstein: no one has put his postulate set into proper perspective as one out of several possible ones. - Cynthia K. Whitney, Galilean Electrodynamics, V10, N3, p. 42 (May/Jun 1999).
Dr. Robert Adams of New Zealand tells all in this intriguing narrative as to who was the original inventor of this device. Adams settles this dilemma for all time in 2001.
Important papers written by a world authority in matters pertaining to Aetheric Energies is included to assist readers not conversant with this important knowledge of factors which explain the Aether and the vital role it plays in crystallography, this author was Ralph Stranger of the United Kingdom, official writer for the B.B.C's World Radio technical Journal of the 20's and 30's (These particular papers were written in 1932). Most of the papers published in this Second Edition are of significance to those who may question the historical truths surrounding the mighty transistor. Much mystery, speculation, intrigue and outright sleaze comes into play as we journey throug the corridors of its birth and subsequent biography. Who, on planet Earth, was it's real inventor and why has it's past become so bogged down in such a veil of ignominy?
Publisher: Universal Publishers
From the Publisher
The book presents foundations of the vortex theory of matter based a philosophical framework of classical physics with certain suppositions about the nature of physical space which is traditionaly called aether (ether). Twisted vortex rings with left and right rotation are models of particles and anti-particles. Vortex rings of radius equal to the radius of a vortex cord is a model of a photon. Division of that ring into two rings with opposite twist is a model of pair production. The hypothesis of the topological identity of an electron's and proton's rings lead to values of masses for mu, pi, K and tau particles which are close to experimental. A model of electric field as field of vorticular filaments is presented. It is shown that the square of an elementary charge is proportional to the Plank constant and speed of light.
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Publisher: Quantum AetherDynamics Institute
Websites: www.quantumaetherdynamics.com www.16pi2.com
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We present many new scientific discoveries within these pages. Quantum Structure is discovered with easy to understand equations. New from the Aether Physics Model:
- Unified Force Theory - Unifies all fundamental forces
- Geometric Model of Space and Time - both space and time are curved
- Space-resonance is more fundamental than Space-time
- Identification of Aether as quantum rotating magnetic field
- Evidence for non-material, creative Gforce as source of existence
- Quantification of Consciousness
- Identification of the nature of dark matter
- Neutrino quantified as folding of Aether units in onta binding
- Two distinct manifestationsof charge
- Geometry essential to all aspects of existence
Publisher: Foundation for New Directions
Websites: www.non-newtonphysics.com www.fnd.org/pgs/physics/holphy.htm
Motion is not what we think it is!
Those who explore the world of science know that the whole enterprise has but one permanent aspect: like it or not, what we know to be true is always changing. This is, of course, disconcerting to those who are emotionally attached to the explanations of nature they have learned in the past. Real progress in any kind of inquiry is always hindered by what we already think we know and, perhaps more importantly, our experiences that are shaped by this knowing.
Those who explore the worlds of bodywork and movement therapies are also familiar with uncertainty--when you have achieved some conviction about how the human body really works, there is a big surprise in store for you, often with your next client.
A New Physics is written by a chemist, William Day, and is published by a pioneer in the exploration of somatics, Marvin Solit. The reviewer attaches importance to this collaboration because of a belief that physics and the other sciences have suffered greatly from being detached from the wisdom of the living body. - From Summary by Jim Oschman (http://www.fnd.org/pgs/physics/newphysics_review.htm)
By Hal Fox:
The day this book was received in the mail, I had been having a vigorous (but friendly) discussion with Dr. S-X Jin. We were discussing the aether as a vast expanse of substance (not matter) that has enormous energy. I made the statement, ?One must keep in mind that all experiments are embedded in this highly-energetic medium.? Dr. Jin observed, ?With that concept, you can explain anything.? Exactly! However, the explanations must be based on logic, the scientific method, and not just supposition.
It was a pleasant surprise to find that Dr. William Day has, as a fundamental part of the New Physics, a universal ?medium? (which is a better name than aether) in which matter is embedded. Day describes how it has been known for over a hundred years that light waves must have an incredibly cohesive (rigid) medium to be able to transmit light waves at 186,000 miles per second. How matter can exist, move, and demonstrate its properties in such a medium is addressed in an astonishingly simple way: ?Matter is disengaged from the medium.? Although light can be emitted by matter and travel through the medium and strike or affect other matter; light, but not matter, can travel through the medium at the speed of light.
Here is a simple experiment. Fasten one end of an elastic material, pull it out a specific distance. Pluck the elastic and note the frequency of vibration. Now using half of the elastic material, stretch it out to the same length as before. Note that when it is plucked the vibration is much higher. That is just a simple analogy that for a medium to allow light to travel so fast, it must be more rigid (more cohesive) than steel. The nature of the disengaged (from matter) medium is its high rigidity and its ability to carry light waves at such high velocities.
The first person I have known to describe atomic electrons as an orbit shell was Dr. Randell Mills in his book, The Grand Unified Theory of Classical Quantum Mechanics, (?1996, published by Blacklight Power, ISBN 0-9635171-2-0). Dr. Day uses a similar model for electron shells around atomic nuclei and makes some interesting calculations to show how the shells are ordered. To me the orbit shell is a much improved model as compared to the concept of a small particle swirling about the nucleus like the moon around the earth.
Another novel concept Day uses in his model of motion, matter, and energy is the predominant place for motion. He explains that motion and the structure of matter are inseparable. This is a powerful concept. For those of us who have been schooled in classical physics, this concept requires some explaining (which Day does most adequately).
Another powerful concept stems from using a minimum number of discrete particles to explain the composition of all matter. A surprising statement is that ?Nature has no forces.? For example, if matter is imbedded in the medium, Day can make the following statement: ?It takes no force for a body to move spontaneously in response to its environment. The nucleus influences the course of its satellites, not by forcing their motion, but by shaping the environment which guides them.? Dr. Day describes how this concept can account for gravity from small to large masses and for the orbiting that occurs in some large body systems.
Day makes the following statement (page 25): ?We need to change the principles upon which the physics is based. The physics of matter and space is different from the physics of motion devised by Newton and Einstein. Dynamics needs to be relegated to its role of measuring the motion of bodies in Newtonian space and a new physics be use to describe the nature of matter.?
Dr. Day has carefully analyzed some of the dogma of physics. For example, the concept of mass being able to increase with velocity is outside of our range of experience. Day states, ??physics does not provide an explanation for mass as we experience it. To suggest that it changes with velocity, therefore, is a detached hypothesis that has to be accepted on faith.?
From this reviewer?s fifty years of trying to comprehend the physical nature of the universe, one major concept has emerged: Too much of modern physics is dogma and must be accepted on faith. The new physics as espoused by William Day is surprisingly free of dogma. However, there are concepts that are so new and, therefore, lacking in experimental proof, that the reader must label these concepts as a part of a developing model subject to experimental challenges.
The historic work by Michelson in setting up experiments to determine the effect on transmitted light by the earth?s rotation through the aether is only half taught in many of our institutions of learning. The work by Michelson and Morley (in 1887), which had negligible results, is frequently cited and strongly used to support the concept that there is no aether. What the experiment actually proved was that the experimental arrangement could not measure the influence of the earth?s motion with respect to the luminiferous aether. Michelson and Gale (in 1925) reported on an improved experiment designed to test: ?Theory of the effect of the rotation of the earth on the velocity of light as derived on the hypothesis of a fixed ether.? The results of this experiment in which ??two hundred and sixty determinations?? were made were positive.
The observed results were 0.230 +/- 0.005 (fringes) and the calculated results were 0.236 +/- 0.002 fringes. An amazingly close agreement between observations and theoretical prediction. Dr. William Day reprints the Michelson-Gale report in an Appendix to his book for which this reviewer applauds the author! Ask yourself the question, ?Why do the scientific professors teach the negative results of the early Michelson-Morley experiment and ignore the extensive data and high accuracy of the Michelson-Gale report?? You will probably consider the same explanation as this reviewer and, I believe, Dr. William Day has reached. The Michelson-Gale data did not fit the currently-accepted model of physics, therefore, the data was ignored and, unfortunately, still is. Dogma is more important than facts in some cases. Fortunately, Day?s model of Physics is free of dogma and explains many of the unexplained experimental observations that are unexplained by current physics.
Dr. William Day has spent well over a decade in publishing his four books as he has developed A New Physics. (Bridge From Nowhere, 1989; Bridge From Nowhere II, 1996; and Holistic Physics, 1998). This book, A New Physics, is highly recommended. It should be made ?must read? for every college freshman before he or she takes their first course in college physics. Then it should be reread after they take college physics. This reviewer believes that in this book lies the foundation (but not all of the answers) for a fundamental improvement in our model of physical reality.
Publisher: Dover Publications
Year: 1962 / 1997
"I discovered (Post's) monograph "The Formal Structure of Electromagnetics" in which I saw the first definitive treatment of the Faraday effect, and its non-reciprocity. This idea was what I had been searching for, for if an experiment between EM and gravity was to work, it would have to accumulate data - like the Faraday ratchet - in order to measure very small effects. The Jacksonian version of EM theory (does) not come close to explaining the features that were so clear in Post's expose. I used to call the small book, the "Tourist's Guide of Electromagnetism". The book is back in print now (Dover), and no one interested in EM should be without it." - Robert Kiehn
Publisher: Mono Book Corp.
Kirchhoff?s current law follows simply from the law of conservation of charge: In a node, charge cannot just disappear. It is obvious that this current law can be generalized. It then stands for conservation of mass, energy, and charge. Kirchhoff?s voltage law can be generalized by considering the work done by the electrical, gravitational and pressure forces on a specific flow component (say one kind of molecule, atom or ion) which goes around a closed loop. This approach provides one equation for every type of particle for every loop one can devise. Melehy's laws thereby completely specify all possible solutions with given boundary conditions.
How is it possible that this general mathematical description of such a large class of physical and chemical phenomena has escaped us for so long? The reason may be that Melehy's formulation requires two new artifacts which are not immediately obvious, although they are quite natural once understood: For the pressure P in analogy to the voltage in an electric network, it is not suitable to take the external pressure as indicated on a manometer. Instead, the pressure Pj of a component j has to be defined as the transfer of momentum, by the particles of j through I cm2/sec. So, for instance, the pressure in a homogeneous liquid is much higher than its equilibrium vapor pressure. This definition of Pj does describe the osmotic pressure of a solute in a liquid.
The second artifact that Melehy's theory needs is to describe the increase of heat )Q in a volume element as )Q = T )S. In this way T becomes a generalized potential for entropy S as voltage is for charge: v )e, gravitational potential is for mass: hg )m, and Pj is for volume: Pj )V. At first sight this may seem positively wrong: We know that if, for instance, in a certain volume element of the low process low pressure helium and hydrogen gases mix by diffusion, there is an increase of entropy, but there is no increase in heat as a consequence.
In fact, these two innovations in Melehy's formulation are quite natural if one considers how one can arrive at a proof of his laws in analogy with a proof of Kirchhoff?s voltage law. For a proof of Kirchhoff?s law, let us consider in an electric network a specific resistance r1, carrying a current i1, and consequently with a voltage difference v1 = i1 r1. Let us now replace this component on paper with an imaginary component consisting of two elements in series. One element is a small resistance arl, while the second is a battery with emf v = i1 r1 (1 -"). This imaginary component, carrying the same current il, also has the same associated voltage v, as the real one. In the same way we now replace all resistors rj in the network by imaginary components arj in series with batteries with emfs of i1r1 ( I -"). In this resulting imaginary network, all currents and voltages are identical with those in the real one. For " �� 0, the imaginary network becomes a reversible process, consisting only of the charging of batteries. No heat is developed, and conservation of energy now demands that Kirchhoff's voltage law holds.
Analogously, if we wish to prove Melehy's law for a general thermodynamic process, we can consider the flow of a specific component in a small part of space. We replace this element for the major part (I - ") by the analogy of the battery, that is, a reversible heat engine. We do the same for all parts of the process. Then for " �� 0, conservation of energy gives us Melehy's law for generalized fields. Now )Q = T)S begins to make sense, even in the case of mixing hydrogen and helium. The imaginary )Q in the real irreversible flow process reflects the real )Q which is trans- formed into work in the imaginary reversible process.
It has been thought that Melehy's theory of generalized fields is just another formulation of what is known as "irreversible thermodynamics." This is incorrect, because the essence of the latter is Onsager's theorem. This theorem says that if in a stationary flow pattern the equations are linear, that then the impedance matrix must be symmetric. But already in a simple example, an electrical network, the resistors are heated up by the currents, making the currents nonlinear with the voltages. In Melehy's formulation this nonlinear situation is completely taken care of, because the heat production yields additional equations for the heat flow which have to be satisfied.
The discussion given above of Melehy's law requires both the first and second law of thermodynamics. Conversely one can say that the statement of the theory of generalized fields in its quantitative form is an independent statement of the foundation of thermodynamics which implies the first and second law, but is more detailed. Melehy also makes an effort to draw the third law of thermodynamics in his formulation. He does this by considering a flow process in a four dimensional abstract space in which the fourth dimension is the absolute temperature T. The content of the third law can now be incorporated by the statement that in a flow pattern in this space, for that part of the flow that is at absolute zero, )Q must be zero. Whether this will lead to new results for thermodynamics near absolute zero is too early to judge.
Melehy is a professor of electrical engineering at the University of Connecticut. A large part of the book's applications of the theory of generalized fields is on current- voltage characteristics of semiconductor diodes. The difficulty here lies in knowing the accompanying space charge distribution. One method of calculating these curves has been to calculate first the space charge for zero current, and then to hope that this distribution will not change too much when currents are drawn. In the book Melehy calculates many curves with his theory, and always finds a very good correlation with existing experimental results, even over a range of ten orders of ten of current. The book also contains a calculation on the temperature dependence of the vapor pressure of mercury. The theoretical curve, with the aid of two matching points, accurately fits the experimental results over nine decades of vapor pressure values.
It will be very interesting to see the theory applied in physical chemistry to batteries, fuel cells, and other stationary chemical. reactions. Also, in astrophysics and meteorology, the application of the theory to the movement of matter on a large scale seems promising.
Melehy has written his book as a text book, requiring a background which may be expected of students majoring in physics and electrical engineering. His style is simple and to the point. The prerequisites are some advanced calculus, the laws of electric circuit theory and the elements of thermodynamics. The book contains short introductions to vector analysis and electricity and magnetism. It also has ample references to the literature at the end of each chapter. Problems for the students are provided. The printing of the text, mathematical formulae and figures is pleasant to the eye. However, the book is not easy. Getting to the real physical content of a new theory is always hard work. This is true for any introduction to classical mechanics, and it is also true for Melehy's introduction to the thermodynamic theory of generalized fields. The practical examples given by the author are not necessarily the ones the reader is familiar with; he will have to supplement Melehy's examples with his own. There is no easy way to understand new ideas, even when the consequences of these ideas are very practical.
- Pieter J. van Heerden, American Journal of Physics, V44, N9, pp. 895-896 (Sep 1976).
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Publisher: Benjamin Wesley
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Absolute space is seen to exist from the fixed stars and from the fact that the velocity of light c with respect to absolute space such that the observed velocity c* = c - v (the absolute velocity of the Earth) as shown by Roemer, Bradley, Sagnac, Conklin, Marinov, and others. The gravitational potential due to the fixed stars Φ0 = c2, is the same everywhere in absolute fixed space. Mass-energy, being gravitational energy mΦ0 = mc2, means the absolute kinetic energy is zero only when stationary in absolute space. The Michelson-Morley result is a classical Doppler effect in absolute space-time.
Gravitation with a finite velocity of action c yields gravity waves and resolves Seeliger's paradox. A cosmological constant β0 in a uniform universe accounts for the cosmological red shift with a Hubble constant H = β0/c, thereby resolving Olber's paradox. The 2.7?K cosmic background radiation is cosmologically red shifted starlight.
Cosmology is based upon an infinite, perpetual, steady-state universe, uniform in the large. A flux of high entropy waste radiated off into deep space forces local entropy reducing processes, such as the condensation of low entropy stars from high entropy gas and dust, or the generation of low entropy life from a high entropy environment. Such ordering occurs only as a local fluctuation of the order of 109 years in time and light years in space. An ordered death as super-massive bodies is avoided when two collide allowing mass to escape from their gravitational traps to again create disorder in gas and dust.
Publisher: Book Guild Publishing
Websites: www.aspden.org peswiki.com/index.php/PowerPedia:Harold_Aspden
Publisher: Beak Publications
Modern physics books are honeycombed with strange if not bizarre philosophical ideas. The student is told to abandon his intuition, cause and effect and the deterministic world. He is offered, instead, a statistical numbers game, a space and time done with mirrors, and an abstract view of the world comformable only to pure mathematicians. The work presented in this volumw returns to the simple physical approach to experimentaql data and understanding.
Physics is an intuitively understandable deterministic description of the real world with no paradoxes. It consists of cause and effect explanations of observed phenomena in successively lower levels of abstraction. At the bottom is a remaining unexplained metaphysical base. The goal is a visulaizable unified field theory of particles, energy, charge, electricity and magnetism, gravitation and nuclear forces. The following outlines in considerable detail such a description of the world.
The qualitative deterministic picture is almost complete. The quantitative level is varied. Chapters 1 though 7 are well known material, slightly rearranged and modified. Chapters 8 and 9 (The Electron) are reasonably rigorous. Chapters 10 (Rods, Clocks and Plumb Bobs), 11 (Mechanics) and 12 (The Atom) are solidly rigorous. On the other hand, Chapters 13 (The Nucleus) and 14 (The Particles) are highly speculative, but based on ideas from 8 through 12. Chapters 15, 16 and 17 are rigorous where possible.
One thing should be clear from the reading:
Fuzzy atoms are out, Determinism is in. - From the Preface.
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Publisher: International Publishers
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Publisher: International Publishers
MATHEMATICAL APPARATUS represents Part I of CLASSICAL PHYSICS which consists of the following five volumes:
I. Mathematical apparatus.
II. Axiomatics. Low-velocity mechanics.
III. High-velocity mechanics.
The mathematical apparatus used in the four physical parts is presented in Part I. Thus the whole book can be read without consulting any other mathematical book. CLASSICAL PHYSICS is written as a text-book for high school students but, because of its simplicity and clarity can also be read by college students. It shows that classical physics is a very simple study understandable for any person who wishes to know it.
Publisher: International Publishers
THE THORNY WAY OF TRUTH represents a collection of documents of different kind which show the enormous difficulties which Stefan Marinov had to overcome on his way in restoring absolute space and time, in revealing the gravitational character of kinetic energy and the static character (in general) of our world. The "law of inertia" is valid for the collective creation of political, moral, artistic or scientific character. Traditions and conservatism are indispenable for the functioning of anysociety, science or religion. However, if one gives no freedom for the communication of new ideas and of the results of new experiences and experiments, the progress in human society and science is impossible. As this book shows, our society is rather the same as in the times of Jesus Christ and Galileo. Of course, the norms of behavior have become more sophisticated, but one is not sure whether this "sophistication" is a result of our enlightenment and humanisation or those who maintain the power have understood that the imprisonment in psychiatric clinics is more effective than a crucification and the covering with silence is more effective than a denial. - Back cover
The Thorny Way of Truth is a ten volume series:
- Documents on the Process of Restoration of the Absolute Space-Time Conceptions (1982, 336pp)
- Documents on the Invention of the Perpetuum Mobile, on the Centurial Blindness of Mankind, and on its Frantic Perserverance in It (1984, 352pp)
- Documents on the Violation of the Laws of Conservation (1988, 336pp)
- Documents on the Violation of the Laws of Conservation (1989, 336pp)
- Documents on the Violation of the Laws of Conservation (19?, ?)
- Documents on the Violation of the Laws of Conservation (19?, ?)
- Documents on the Violation of the Laws of Conservation (1990, 336pp)
- Documents on the Violation of the Laws of Conservation (1990, 320pp)
- Documents on the Violation of the Laws of Conservation (199?, ?)
- Documents on the Violation of the Laws of Conservation (1997, 324pp)
Publisher: Adventures Unlimited Press
Quantum theory is one of the most fascinating and successful constructs in the intellectual history of mankind. Nonetheless, the theory has very shaky philosophical foundations.
This book contains thoughtful discussions by eminent researchers of a spate of experimental techniques newly developed to test some of the stranger predictions of quantum physics. The advances considered include recent experiments in quantum optics, electron and ion interferometry, photon down conversion in nonlinear crystals, single trapped ions interacting with laser beams, atom-field coupling in micromaser cavities, quantum computation, quantum cryptography, decoherence and macroscopic quantum effects, the quantum state diffusion model, quantum gravity, the quantum mechanics of cosmology and quantum non-locality along with the continuing debate surrounding the interpretation of quantum mechanics.
Audience: The book is intended for physicists, philosophers of science, mathematicians, graduate students and those interested in the foundations of quantum theory.