Vector Particle Physics
Thomas N. Lockyer
outlines a coherent series of models, going directly from a model for energy, to the energy structure of basic particles (leptons) to the structures of the composite proton and neutron. The models for the leptons go together automatically by simply exhausting all possible ways to combine the photon (energy) model into structures, making it easy for anyone, without prior knowledge, to draw the internal structures for the electrons and the two types of neutrinos. The model gives the mass of the proton to within 3.5 parts per million (ppm), and the mass of the neutron to within 0.4 (ppm) of the CODATA recommended values. The model gives the damping loss for the proton\'s NMR measured magnetic moment, and obtains the CODATA recommended value to within 33 (ppm). Further, the model, from the scaling, for the first time, not only requires the known neutron decay electron and neutrino, but gives their mass contribution, exactly.