Eight Proofs of Absolute Simultaneity
Year: 2010 Pages: 10
The conviction that relativistic simultaneity has a conventional nature is shared by many authors, but it will be shown that simultaneity exists in the physical reality and therefore cannot be conventional. If the coefficient - we call it e1 - of the space variable x in the Lorentz, or other, transformation of time had a conventional nature it should be possible to modify it without touching the empirical predictions of the theory: this expectation can be called Reichenbach-Jammer conjecture (?RJ conjecture?). Given that Einstein\'s principle of relativity leads necessarily to the Lorentz transformations, and thus also to a fixed nonzero value of e1, the modification would imply a reformulation of the relativistic idea itself. With respect to the idealized expectation, based on the RJ conjecture, the concrete development of physics produces some exciting novelties. Several phenomena, in particular those taking place in accelerating frames (Sagnac effect, and all that), converge in a strong indication of e1 = 0. This implies absolute simultaneity and a new type of space and time transformations, which we call \"inertial\". We give eight proofs of absolute simultaneity, deduced from essentially independent normally accepted premises.