Year: 2010

A critical analysis reveals the invalidity of the established idea that movement of free charges in a magnetic field could be described with a help of the analytical Lagrange mechanics: the given system is non-conservative and non-holonomic. As the Lorentz force in the equation of charge movement was silently supposed to be an active force, the magnetic energy** **u_{0}**H** (u_{0} is the magnetic moment of orbital electron and **H** is** **the magnetic field, and ?dot? denotes scalar product) turns out numerically equal to a fraction of the kinetic energy of the electron in the plane perpendicular to the direction of **H**. Consequently, a routine introducing into Lagrangian of the term with a vector potential, which is equivalent to u_{0}**H**, resulting in paradoxical doubling of the corresponding fraction of the kinetic energy. This occurs irrespective of the magnetic field strength. As a result, the applied Lagrange?s formalism and notations of Lagrangian and Hamiltonian lose their meanings. Therefore, expressions obtained with a help of the Lagrange mechanics become inapplicable for deducing the equation of charge motion in a magnetic field or for calculating the magnetic magnitudes. The Lorentz force actually acts upon a moving charge as a passive non-holonomic linkage imposing constraints upon the direction of its velocity, but it is not able to add the kinetic energy to the particle.