Predictions of the Heaston Equations and the 21st Century Physics Paradigm
Year: 2008 Pages: 7
During the latter half of the 20th century, scientists agreed that all phenomena could be explained in terms of four fundamental forces: gravitational, electromagnetic, weak, and strong. Extensive efforts to unify these forces also showed that the four forces converged on a ?superforce' at the Planck scale. These attempts at unification, particularly quantum field theory, the standard model, and string theory, failed because they were flawed for three reasons: 1) The four fundamental forces were not all characterized as force laws; 2) There is no Planck scale theory since the Planck functions of length, mass, time and energy that make up the Planck scale are artificial units that Planck defined using dimensional analysis; 3) Moreover, the Planck constant is introduced via the back door in the quantum theory definition of the weak force. Whenever so many great scientists work so hard for so long and still do not succeed, it is time to redefine the problem. Consequently, the four fundamental forces have all been redefined as force laws: Newton gravitational force, Coulomb electromagnetic force, Planck quantum force, and Einstein strong force. These four force laws, referred to as the Heaston equations, may be derived in five different ways, and result in several predictions and suggested experiments. The interactions of the redefined forces yield over 100 old and new functions of physics that provide a foundation for a 21st century physics paradigm. TOPIC AREA: Cosmology and Astrophysics.